Apache NiFi - MiNiFi C++

Clone this repo:
  1. 1d7757d MINIFICPP-2384 Update version number to 0.99.1 by Ferenc Gerlits · 8 days ago main
  2. d8b90e0 MINIFICPP-2382 Add PDH and Lua extensions to the default build by Gabor Gyimesi · 8 days ago
  3. 19c2465 Bump requests from 2.31.0 to 2.32.0 in /github_scripts by dependabot[bot] · 8 days ago
  4. 32603fa MINIFICPP-2251 Make OPENSSL and CURL mandatory by Gabor Gyimesi · 8 days ago
  5. d38de22 MINIFICPP-2358 Skip File permission tests while running as root by Martin Zink · 4 weeks ago

Apache NiFi - MiNiFi - C++ MiNiFi-CPP CI

MiNiFi is a child project effort of Apache NiFi. This repository is for a native implementation in C++.

Table of Contents


Apache NiFi - MiNiFi C++ is a complementary data collection approach that supplements the core tenets of NiFi in dataflow management, focusing on the collection of data at the source of its creation. The C++ implementation is an additional implementation to the one in Java with the aim of an even smaller resource footprint.

Specific goals for MiNiFi comprise:

  • small and lightweight footprint
  • central management of agents
  • generation of data provenance
  • integration with NiFi for follow-on dataflow management and full chain of custody of information

Perspectives of the role of MiNiFi should be from the perspective of the agent acting immediately at, or directly adjacent to, source sensors, systems, or servers.

Expression Language

A subset of the Apache NiFi Expression Language is supported.


MiNiFi - C++ supports the following C++ processors:

The following table lists the base set of processors.

Extension SetProcessors

The next table outlines CMAKE flags that correspond with MiNiFi extensions. Extensions that are enabled by default ( such as RocksDB ), can be disabled with the respective CMAKE flag on the command line.

Through JNI extensions you can run NiFi processors using NARs. The JNI extension set allows you to run these Java processors. MiNiFi C++ will favor C++ implementations over Java implements. In the case where a processor is implemented in either language, the one in C++ will be selected; however, will remain transparent to the consumer.

Extension SetProcessors and Controller ServicesCMAKE Flag
Archive ExtensionsApplyTemplate
ExecuteProcess (Linux and macOS)ExecuteProcess-DENABLE_EXECUTE_PROCESS=ON
Google Cloud PlatformDeleteGCSObject
Grafana LokiPushGrafanaLokiREST
Kubernetes (Linux)KubernetesControllerService-DENABLE_KUBERNETES=ON
Lua ScriptingExecuteScript-DENABLE_LUA_SCRIPTING=ON
PDH (Windows)PerformanceDataMonitor-DENABLE_PDH=ON
ProcFs (Linux)ProcFsMonitor-DENABLE_PROCFS=ON
Python ScriptingExecuteScript
Custom Python Processors
SMB (Windows)FetchSmb
Systemd (Linux)ConsumeJournald-DENABLE_SYSTEMD=ON
Windows Event Log (Windows)CollectorInitiatedSubscription

Please see our Python guide on how to write Python processors and use them within MiNiFi C++.


  • We follow semver with regards to API compatibility, but no ABI compatibility is provided. See semver's website for more information
  • Build and usage currently only supports Windows, Linux and macOS environments. MiNiFi C++ can be built and run through the Windows Subsystem for Linux but we provide no support for this platform.
  • Provenance events generation is supported and are persisted using RocksDB. Volatile repositories can be used on systems without persistent storage.
  • If MiNiFi C++ is built with the OPC-UA extension enabled, it bundles open62541, which is available under the Mozilla Public License Version 2.0, a Category B license under ASF 3rd party license policy.
  • If MiNiFi C++ is built using one of the following flags: -DMINIFI_INCLUDE_VC_REDIST_MERGE_MODULES=ON, -DMINIFI_INCLUDE_VC_REDIST_DLLS=ON, -DMINIFI_INCLUDE_UCRT_DLLS=ON, and packaged on Windows, the resulting MSI may not be publicly redistributed under the Apache license, because it contains Microsoft redistributable DLLs, which fall under Category X of the ASF 3rd party license policy.

System Requirements

To build


  • CMake 3.24 or greater
  • gcc 11 or greater
  • bison 3.0.x+ (3.2 has been shown to fail builds)
  • flex 2.6 or greater
External Projects

The following utilities are needed to build external projects, when bundled versions of OpenSSL, cURL, or zlib are used:

  • patch
  • autoconf
  • automake
  • libtool

NOTE: if Expression Language support is enabled, FlexLexer must be in the include path and the version must be compatible with the version of flex used when generating lexer sources. On macOS and FreeBSD, make sure that the system version is overridden with the correct flex version, which may require merging your CPPFLAGS into CFLAGS and CXXFLAGS. Lexer source generation is automatically performed during CMake builds. To re-generate the sources, remove:

  • extensions/expression-language/Parser.cpp
  • extensions/expression-language/Parser.hpp
  • extensions/expression-language/Scanner.cpp
  • extensions/expression-language/location.hh
  • extensions/expression-language/position.hh
  • extensions/expression-language/stack.hh

and rebuild.

System Libraries / Development Headers Required

  • Python 3 and development headers -- Required if Python support is enabled
  • libgps-dev -- Required if building libGPS support
  • perl -- Required for OpenSSL configuration
  • NASM -- Required for OpenSSL only on Windows

NOTE: On Windows if Strawberry Perl is used the ${StrawberryPerlRoot}\c\bin directory should not be part of the PATH environment variable as the patch executable in this directory interferes with git‘s patch executable. Alternatively scoop package manager can also be used to install Strawberry Perl using the command scoop install perl that does not pollute the PATH variable. Also on Windows CMake’s CPack is used for MSI generation, building WIX files and calling WIX toolset tools to create an MSI. If Chocolatey package manager is used its CPack can conflict with CMake, so make sure that CMake's CPack is found in the %PATH% before that.

Bundled Thirdparty Dependencies

The NOTICE file lists all the bundled thirdparty dependencies that are built and linked statically to MiNiFi or one of its extensions. The licenses of these projects can be found in the LICENSE file.

CentOS 7

Additional environmental preparations are required for CentOS 7 support. Before building, install and enable the devtoolset-10 SCL:

$ sudo yum install centos-release-scl
$ sudo yum install devtoolset-10
$ scl enable devtoolset-10 bash

Finally, it is required to add the -lrt compiler flag by using the -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS=-lrt flag when invoking cmake.

On all distributions please use -DUSE_SHARED_LIBS=OFF to statically link zlib, libcurl, and OpenSSL.


Build and Installation has been tested with Windows 10 using Visual Studio 2022. You can build and create an MSI via the CPACK command. This requires the installation of the WiX toolset (http://wixtoolset.org/). To do this, open up a prompt into your build directory and type ‘cpack’ . The CPACK command will automatically generate and provide you a path to the distributable msi file. See Windows.md for more details.

To run

System Libraries Required

  • Python 3 -- Required if Python support is enabled
  • libusb -- Optional, unless USB Camera support is enabled
  • libpng -- Optional, unless USB Camera support is enabled
  • libpcap -- Optional, unless ENABLE_PCAP specified

The needed dependencies can be installed with the following commands for:

rpm-based Linux Distributions

NOTE: it is recommended to use the newest compiler using the latest devtoolset-/gcc-toolset-/llvm-toolset-* packages from the Software Collections (SCL).

# ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp on git:master
dnf install cmake \
  gcc gcc-c++ \
  git \
  bison \
  flex \
  patch \
  autoconf \
  automake \
  libtool \
  libuuid libuuid-devel \
  openssl-devel \
  bzip2-devel \
  xz-devel \
  doxygen \
# (Optional) for building Python support
dnf install python36-devel
# (Optional) for building USB Camera support
dnf install libusb-devel libpng-devel
# (Optional) for building docker image
dnf install docker
# (Optional) for system integration tests
dnf install docker python-virtualenv
# If building with GPS support
dnf install gpsd-devel
# (Optional) for PacketCapture Processor
dnf install libpcap-devel
Aptitude based Linux Distributions
# ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp on git:master
apt install cmake \
  gcc g++ \
  git \
  bison \
  flex \
  patch \
  ca-certificates \
  autoconf \
  automake \
  libtool \
  libcurl4-openssl-dev \
  uuid-dev uuid \
  libssl-dev \
  libbz2-dev liblzma-dev \
  doxygen \
# (Optional) for building Python support
apt install libpython3-dev
# (Optional) for building USB Camera support
apt install libusb-1.0.0-0-dev libpng12-dev
# (Optional) for building docker image
apt install docker.io
# (Optional) for system integration tests
apt install docker.io python-virtualenv
# (Optional) If building with GPS support
apt install libgps-dev
# (Optional) for PacketCapture Processor
apt install libpcap-dev
macOS Using Homebrew (with XCode Command Line Tools installed)
# ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp on git:master
brew install cmake \
  flex \
  patch \
  autoconf \
  automake \
  libtool \
  ossp-uuid \
  openssl \
  python \
  xz \
  bzip2 \
  doxygen \
brew install curl
brew link curl --force
# (Optional) for building USB Camera support
brew install libusb libpng
# (Optional) for building docker image/running system integration tests
# Install docker using instructions at https://docs.docker.com/docker-for-mac/install/
sudo pip install virtualenv
# If building with GPS support
brew install gpsd
# (Optional) for PacketCapture Processor
sudo brew install libpcap
# It is recommended that you install bison from source as HomeBrew now uses an incompatible version of Bison

Getting Started


MiNiFi C++ offers bootstrap scripts that will bootstrap the cmake and build process for you without the need to install dependencies yourself.

Python based bootstrapping (recommended)










This will set up a virtual environment in the bootstrap folder, and guide you through the build process.

Shell based bootstrapping (linux and macOS)

  • Please run the command bootstrap.sh from the root of the MiNiFi C++ source tree.

  • Per the table, below, you will be presented with a menu guided bootstrap process. You may enable and disable extensions ( further defined below ). Once you are finished selecting the features you wish to build, enter P to continue with the process. CMAKE dependencies will be resolved for your distro. You may enter command line options -n to force yes to all prompts (including the package installation prompts ) and -b to automatically run make once the cmake process is complete. Alternatively, you may include the package argument to bootstrap, -p, which will run make package.

  • If you provide -b or -p to bootstrap.sh, you do not need to follow the Building section, below. If you do not provide these arguments you may skip the cmake .. section from Building.

  • Using the Release build profile is recommended to reduce binary size. (~200 MB vs ~30 MB)

    # ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp on git:master
    $ ./bootstrap.sh
    # CMAKE Build dir exists, should we overwrite your build directory before we begin?
      If you have already bootstrapped, bootstrapping again isn't necessary to run make [ Y/N ] Y
       Select MiNiFi C++ Features to toggle.
      A. Persistent Repositories .....Enabled
      C. libarchive features .........Enabled
      D. Python Scripting support ....Enabled
      E. Expression Language support .Enabled
      F. Kafka support ...............Enabled
      G. PCAP support ................Disabled
      H. USB Camera support ..........Disabled
      I. GPS support .................Disabled
      K. Bustache Support ............Disabled
      L. Lua Scripting Support .......Enabled
      M. MQTT Support ................Enabled
      N. COAP Support ................Disabled
      O. SFTP Support ................Disabled
      S. AWS Support .................Enabled
      T. OpenCV Support ..............Disabled
      U. OPC-UA Support...............Enabled
      V. SQL Support..................Enabled
      W. Openwsman Support ...........Disabled
      X. Azure Support ...............Enabled
      Y. Systemd Support .............Enabled
      Z. NanoFi Support ..............Disabled
      AA. Splunk Support .............Enabled
      AB. Kubernetes Support .........Enabled
      AC. Google Cloud Support .......Enabled
      AD. ProcFs Support .............Enabled
      AE. Prometheus Support .........Enabled
      AF. Elasticsearch Support ......Enabled
                  Build Options.
      1. Enable Tests ................Enabled
      2. Enable all extensions
      3. Enable JNI Support ..........Disabled
      4. Use Shared Dependency Links .Enabled
      5. Build Profile ...............RelWithDebInfo Debug MinSizeRel Release
      6. Create ASAN build ...........Disabled
      7. Treat warnings as errors.....Disabled
      P. Continue with these options
      Q. Quit
      * Extension cannot be installed due to
        version of cmake or other software, or
        incompatibility with other extensions
      Enter choice [A-Z or AA-AF or 1-7]
  • Bootstrap now saves state between runs. State will automatically be saved. Provide -c or --clear to clear this state. The -i option provides a guided menu install with the ability to change advanced features.


  • From your source checkout, create a directory to perform the build (e.g. build) and cd into that directory.

    # ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp on git:master
    $ mkdir build
    # ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp on git:master
    $ cd build
  • Perform a cmake .. to generate the project files

    # ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp on git:master
    $ cmake ..
    -- Configuring done
    -- Generating done
    -- Build files have been written to: /Users/apiri/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp/build
  • Perform a build

    # ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp on git:master
    $ make -j$(nproc)
    Scanning dependencies of target gmock_main
    Scanning dependencies of target gmock
    Scanning dependencies of target minifi
    Scanning dependencies of target gtest
    Scanning dependencies of target yaml-cpp
    [  1%] Building CXX object thirdparty/yaml-cpp-yaml-cpp-0.5.3/test/gmock-1.7.0/gtest/CMakeFiles/gtest.dir/src/gtest-all.cc.o
    [  3%] Building CXX object thirdparty/yaml-cpp-yaml-cpp-0.5.3/test/gmock-1.7.0/CMakeFiles/gmock.dir/gtest/src/gtest-all.cc.o
    [  3%] Building CXX object thirdparty/yaml-cpp-yaml-cpp-0.5.3/test/gmock-1.7.0/CMakeFiles/gmock.dir/src/gmock-all.cc.o
    [  6%] Building CXX object thirdparty/yaml-cpp-yaml-cpp-0.5.3/test/gmock-1.7.0/CMakeFiles/gmock_main.dir/gtest/src/gtest-all.cc.o
    [  6%] Building CXX object thirdparty/yaml-cpp-yaml-cpp-0.5.3/test/gmock-1.7.0/CMakeFiles/gmock_main.dir/src/gmock-all.cc.o
    [  7%] Building CXX object libminifi/CMakeFiles/minifi.dir/src/Configure.cpp.o
    [ 97%] Linking CXX executable minifi
    [ 97%] Built target minifiexe
    [ 98%] Building CXX object thirdparty/yaml-cpp-yaml-cpp-0.5.3/test/CMakeFiles/run-tests.dir/node/node_test.cpp.o
    [100%] Linking CXX executable run-tests
    [100%] Built target run-tests
  • Create a binary assembly located in your build directory with suffix .tar.gz

    $ make package
    Run CPack packaging tool for source...
    CPack: Create package using TGZ
    CPack: Install projects
    CPack: - Install directory: ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp
    CPack: Create package
    CPack: - package: ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp/build/nifi-minifi-cpp-0.99.0.tar.gz generated.
  • Create a source assembly located in your build directory with suffix -source.tar.gz

    $ make package_source
    Run CPack packaging tool for source...
    CPack: Create package using TGZ
    CPack: Install projects
    CPack: - Install directory: ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp
    CPack: Create package
    CPack: - package: ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp/build/nifi-minifi-cpp-0.99.0-source.tar.gz generated.

Building a docker image

Building your own custom image

You can create a custom docker image using the cmake configuration to specify which extensions should be included in the final image. Use -DDOCKER_BUILD_ONLY=ON to skip local environment checks of cmake.

$ make docker

Building the minimal/cloud image

There is also on option to build the minimal image which only contains the most common extensions used in cloud environments. That image includes the standard MiNiFi processors and the AWS, Azure and Kafka extensions. This is also the image which is released to the apache/nifi-minifi-cpp repository on dockerhub.

$ make docker-minimal

Executing integration tests with your docker image

You can execute system integration tests using the docker image built locally on a docker daemon running locally. The image shall contain every extension tested in the test suite for all scenarios to be executed (currently that includes AWS, Azure, Kafka, MQTT, SQL extensions).

$ make docker-verify

Building For Other Distros

Since only glibc and libstdc++ is dynamically linked to MiNiFi, the binary built with RHEL devtoolset should be distro-agnostic, and work on any relatively modern distro.

DistrocommandOutput File
centos 7make centosnifi-minifi-cpp-centos-$VERSION.tar.gz
Rockylinux 8make rockynifi-minifi-cpp-rockylinux-$VERSION.tar.gz

You can avoid the requirement of an up-to-date compiler when generating the build system by adding -DDOCKER_BUILD_ONLY=ON to the cmake command line. This disables all cmake targets except the docker build and test ones.


After building MiNiFi C++, extract the generated binary package ‘nifi-minifi-cpp-$VERSION.tar.gz’ at your desired installation path.

$ MINIFI_PACKAGE="$(pwd)"/build/nifi-minifi-cpp-*.tar.gz
$ pushd /opt
$ sudo tar xvzf "$MINIFI_PACKAGE"
$ cd nifi-minifi-cpp-*


The ‘conf’ directory in the installation root contains a template config.yml document, minifi.properties, and minifi-log.properties. Please see our Configuration document for details on how to configure agents.

Installing as a service

MiNiFi can also be installed as a system service using minifi.sh:

$ ./bin/minifi.sh install


After completing the installation, the application can be run by issuing the following command from the installation directory:

$ ./bin/minifi.sh start

By default, this will make use of a config.yml located in the conf directory. This configuration file location can be altered by adjusting the property nifi.flow.configuration.file in minifi.properties located in the conf directory.


MiNiFi can then be stopped by issuing:

$ ./bin/minifi.sh stop

Running as a docker container

You can use the officially released image pulled from the apache/nifi-minifi-cpp repository on dockerhub or you can use your locally built image. The container can be run with a specific configuration by mounting the locally edited configuration files to your docker container.

$ docker run -v ~/Development/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp/conf/config.yml:/opt/minifi/minifi-current/conf/config.yml -v ~/Development/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp/conf/minifi.properties:/opt/minifi/minifi-current/conf/minifi.properties apache/nifi-minifi-cpp


MiNiFi C++ comes with a deployment script. This will build and package minifi. Additionally, a file named build_output will be created within the build directory that contains a manifest of build artifacts.

$ deploy.sh <build identifier>

The build identifier will be carried with the deployed binary for the configuration you specify. By default all extensions will be built.

On Windows it is suggested that MSI be used for installation.


Remove the build directory created above.

# ~/Development/code/apache/nifi-minifi-cpp on git:master
$ rm -rf ./build


Please see Extensions.md on how to build and run conditionally built dependencies and extensions.


For securing a MiNiFi agent's configuration files it comes with a tool called encrypt-config. Its documentation is available here.

Recommended Antivirus Exclusions

Antivirus software can take a long time to scan directories and the files within them. Additionally, if the antivirus software locks files or directories during a scan, those resources are unavailable to MiNiFi processes, causing latency or unavailability of these resources in a MiNiFi instance. To prevent these performance and reliability issues from occurring, it is highly recommended to configure your antivirus software to skip scans on the following MiNiFi C++ directories:

  • content_repository
  • flowfile_repository
  • provenance_repository


See our operations documentation for additional information on how to manage instances


See our metrics documentation for information about self published metrics

Issue Tracking

See https://issues.apache.org/jira/projects/MINIFICPP/issues for the issue tracker.


See https://nifi.apache.org/minifi for the latest documentation.


See our examples page for flow examples.


See our Contribution Guide.


Except as otherwise noted this software is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0

For additional information regarding the source of included projects and the corresponding licenses, you may visit the following website

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the “License”); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at


Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an “AS IS” BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.