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This contrib package provides a utility to build or update an index
using Map/Reduce.
A distributed "index" is partitioned into "shards". Each shard corresponds
to a Lucene instance. org.apache.hadoop.contrib.index.main.UpdateIndex
contains the main() method which uses a Map/Reduce job to analyze documents
and update Lucene instances in parallel.
The Map phase of the Map/Reduce job formats, analyzes and parses the input
(in parallel), while the Reduce phase collects and applies the updates to
each Lucene instance (again in parallel). The updates are applied using the
local file system where a Reduce task runs and then copied back to HDFS.
For example, if the updates caused a new Lucene segment to be created, the
new segment would be created on the local file system first, and then
copied back to HDFS.
When the Map/Reduce job completes, a "new version" of the index is ready
to be queried. It is important to note that the new version of the index
is not derived from scratch. By leveraging Lucene's update algorithm, the
new version of each Lucene instance will share as many files as possible
as the previous version.
The main() method in UpdateIndex requires the following information for
updating the shards:
- Input formatter. This specifies how to format the input documents.
- Analysis. This defines the analyzer to use on the input. The analyzer
determines whether a document is being inserted, updated, or deleted.
For inserts or updates, the analyzer also converts each input document
into a Lucene document.
- Input paths. This provides the location(s) of updated documents,
e.g., HDFS files or directories, or HBase tables.
- Shard paths, or index path with the number of shards. Either specify
the path for each shard, or specify an index path and the shards are
the sub-directories of the index directory.
- Output path. When the update to a shard is done, a message is put here.
- Number of map tasks.
All of the information can be specified in a configuration file. All but
the first two can also be specified as command line options. Check out
conf/index-config.xml.template for other configurable parameters.
Note: Because of the parallel nature of Map/Reduce, the behaviour of
multiple inserts, deletes or updates to the same document is undefined.