blob: 7d8244d6d4c436275cabf61847e882fb93864ad8 [file] [log] [blame]
:index-group: Misc
:jbake-type: page
:jbake-status: status=published
The simple application contains a CDI managed bean `CalculatorBean`,
which uses the `Calculator` EJB to add two numbers and display the
results to the user. The EJB is injected in the managed bean using
@Inject annotation.
You could run this in the latest Apache TomEE[snapshot]
The complete source code is below but lets break down to look at some
smaller snippets and see how it works.
A little note on the setup:
As for the libraries, myfaces-api and myfaces-impl are provided in
tomee/lib and hence they should not be a part of the war. In maven
terms, they would be with scope `provided'
Also note that we use servlet 2.5 declaration in web.xml
And we use 2.0 version of faces-config
To make this a cdi-aware-archive (i.e bean archive) an empty beans.xml
is added in WEB-INF
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="" xmlns:xsi=""
We’ll first declare the FacesServlet in the web.xml
<servlet-name>Faces Servlet</servlet-name>
FacesServlet acts as the master controller.
We’ll then create the calculator.xhtml file.
<h:outputText value='Enter first number'/>
<h:inputText value='#{calculatorBean.x}'/>
<h:outputText value='Enter second number'/>
<h:inputText value='#{calculatorBean.y}'/>
<h:commandButton action="#{calculatorBean.add}" value="Add"/>
Notice how we’ve used the bean here. By default, the bean name would be
the simple name of the bean class with the first letter in lower case.
We’ve annotated the `CalculatorBean` with `@RequestScoped`. So when a
request comes in, the bean is instantiated and placed in the request
Here, getX() method of calculatorBean is invoked and the resulting value
is displayed. x being a Double, we rightly should see 0.0 displayed.
When you change the value and submit the form, these entered values are
bound using the setters in the bean and then the commandButton-action
method is invoked.
In this case, CalculatorBean#add() is invoked.
Calculator#add() delegates the work to the ejb, gets the result, stores
it and then returns what view is to be rendered.
The return value `success` is checked up in faces-config
navigation-rules and the respective page is rendered.
In our case, `result.xhtml` page is rendered where use EL and display
the result from the request-scoped `calculatorBean`.
# Source Code
== CalculatorBean
import javax.enterprise.context.RequestScoped;
import javax.inject.Named;
import javax.inject.Inject;
public class CalculatorBean {
Calculator calculator;
private double x;
private double y;
private double result;
public double getX() {
return x;
public void setX(double x) {
this.x = x;
public double getY() {
return y;
public void setY(double y) {
this.y = y;
public double getResult() {
return result;
public void setResult(double result) {
this.result = result;
public String add() {
result = calculator.add(x, y);
return "success";
== Calculator
package org.superbiz.jsf;
import javax.ejb.Stateless;
public class Calculator{
public double add(double x, double y) {
return x + y;
MyProject web.xml
Faces Servlet javax.faces.webapp.FacesServlet 1
Faces Servlet *.jsf
index.jsp index.html
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC ``-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN''
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC ``-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN''
<h:commandLink action="back">
<h:outputText value="Home"/>
/calculator.xhtml success /result.xhtml
/result.xhtml back /calculator.xhtml