Distributed deep learning system
All the details can be found in Project Website, including the following instructions.
<a name=“Dependencies” ##Dependencies The current code depends on the following external libraries:
zeromq(LGPLv3 + static link exception)
czmq(Mozilla Public License Version 2.0)
We have tested SINGA on Ubuntu 12.04, Ubuntu 14.01 and CentOS 6. You can install all dependencies into
$PREFIX folder by
./thirdparty/install.sh all $PREFIX
$PREFIX is not a system path (e.g.,
/usr/local/), please export the following variables to continue the building instructions,
$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$PREFIX/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH $ export CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH=$PREFIX/include:$CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH $ export LIBRARY_PATH=$PREFIX/lib:$LIBRARY_PATH $ export PATH=$PREFIX/bin:$PATH
###Optional dependencies For advanced features, the following libraries are needed:
cuda(NIVIDA CUDA Toolkit EUL)
cudnn(NIVIDA CuDNN EULA)
Apache Mesos(Apache 2.0)
Apache Hadoop(Apache 2.0)
Full documentation is available online at Official Documentation.
Please make sure you have
g++ >= 4.8.1 before building SINGA.
$ ./autogen.sh # refer to the FAQs below for errors during configure, including blas_segmm() error $ ./configure # refer to the FAQs below for error during make $ make
To compile with GPU support, you should run:
$ ./configure --enable-cuda --with-cuda=/CUDA/PATH --enable-cudnn --with-cudnn=/CUDNN/PATH
--with-cuda and --with-cudnn are optional as by default the script will search system paths. Please kindly set proper environment parameters (LD_LIBRARY_PATH, LIBRARY_PATH, etc.) when you run the code.
To compile with HDFS support, you should run:
$ ./configure --enable-hdfs --with-libhdfs=/PATH/TO/HDFS3
--with-libhdfs is optional as by default the path is /usr/local/.
You can also run the following command for further configuration.
$ ./configure --help
Let us train the CNN model over the CIFAR-10 dataset without parallelism as an example. The hyper-parameters are set following cuda-convnet. More details about this example are available at CNN example.
First, download the dataset and create data shards:
$ cd examples/cifar10/ $ cp Makefile.example Makefile $ make download $ make create
If it reports errors due to library missing, e.g.,
libprotobuf, please export the environment variables shown in the Dependencies section and continue with the following instructions,
# delete the newly created folders $ rm -rf cifar10_t* $ make create
Next, start the training:
$ cd ../../ $ ./bin/zk-service.sh start $ ./bin/singa-run.sh -conf examples/cifar10/job.conf
Now we just need to wait until it is done!
Apache SINGA is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.
For additional information, see the
Q1:I get error
./configure --> cannot find blas_segmm() function even I have installed
A1: This means the compiler cannot find the
OpenBLAS library. If you have installed
apt-get install, then export the path to
/usr/lib/openblas-base). If you installed it with
./thirdparty/install.sh, then export the correct path based on
# using apt-get install for openblas $ export LIBRARY_PATH=$PATH_TO_OPENBLAS_LIB:$LIBRARY_PATH # using ./thirdparty/install.sh for openblas: $ export LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/OpenBLAS/lib:$LIBRARY_PATH
Q2: I get error
cblas.h no such file or directory exists.
A2: You need to include the folder containing
$ export CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH=$PREFIX/include:$CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH # e.g., $ export CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH=/opt/OpenBLAS/include:$CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH # then reconfigure and make SINGA $ ./configure $ make
Q3: When compiling, I get error
SSE2 instruction set not enabled
A3: You can try following command:
$ make CFLAGS='-msse2' CXXFLAGS='-msse2'
Q4: I get
ImportError: cannot import name enum_type_wrapper from
google.protobuf.internal when I try to import
A4: After installing
make install, we should install
python runtime libraries. Go to
protobuf source directory, run:
$ cd /PROTOBUF/SOURCE/FOLDER $ cd python $ python setup.py build $ python setup.py install
You may need
sudo when you try to install
python runtime libraries in the system folder.
Q5: I get a linking error caused by
A5: SINGA does not depend on
gflags. But you may have installed the
gflags. In that case you can reinstall
thirdparty/install.sh into a another folder and export the
$CPPFLAGS to include that folder.
Q6: While compiling SINGA and installing
glog on mac OS X, I get fatal error
'ext/slist' file not found
A6: Please install
glog individually and try :
$ make CFLAGS='-stdlib=libstdc++' CXXFLAGS='stdlib=libstdc++'
Q7: When I start a training job, it reports error related to
A7: This is because
zookeeper is not started. Please start the service
$ ./bin/zk-service.sh start
If the error still exists, probably that you do not have
java. You can simply check it by
$ java --version
Q8: When I build
OpenBLAS from source, I am told that I need a fortran compiler.
A8: You can compile
$ make ONLY_CBLAS=1
or install it using
$ sudo apt-get install openblas-dev
$ sudo yum install openblas-devel
It is worth noting that you need root access to run the last two commands. Remember to set the environment variables to include the header and library paths of
OpenBLAS after installation (please refer to the Dependencies section).
Q9: When I build protocol buffer, it reports that
GLIBC++_3.4.20 not found in /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.
A9: This means the linker found
libstdc++.so.6 but that library belongs to an older version of
GCC than was used to compile and link the program. The program depends on code defined in the newer
libstdc++ that belongs to the newer version of GCC, so the linker must be told how to find the newer
libstdc++ shared library. The simplest way to fix this is to find the correct
libstdc++ and export it to
$LD_LIBRARY_PATH. For example, if
GLIBC++_3.4.20 is listed in the output of the following command,
$ strings /usr/local/lib64/libstdc++.so.6|grep GLIBC++
then just set your environment variable as
$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib64:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH