RocketMQ Operator is to manage RocketMQ service instances deployed on the Kubernetes cluster. It is built using the Operator SDK, which is part of the Operator Framework.
$ git clone https://github.com/apache/rocketmq-operator.git $ cd rocketmq-operator
kubectl get podsto check the RocketMQ Operator deploy status like:
$ kubectl get pods NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE rocketmq-operator-564b5d75d-jllzk 1/1 Running 0 108s
Now you can use the CRDs provide by RocketMQ Operator to deploy your RocketMQ cluster.
Before RocketMQ deployment, you may need to do some preparation steps for RocketMQ data persistence.
Currently we provide several options for your RocketMQ data persistence:
StorageClass, which can be configured in CR files, for example in
... # storageMode can be EmptyDir, HostPath, StorageClass storageMode: HostPath ...
If you choose
EmptyDir, you don‘t need to do extra preparation steps for data persistence. But the data storage life is the same with the pod’s life, if the pod is deleted you may lost the data.
If you choose other storage modes, please refer to the following instructions to prepare the data persistence.
This storage mode means the RocketMQ data (including all the logs and store files) is stored in each host where the pod lies on. You need to create a directory on the host where you want the RocketMQ data to be stored. For example:
$ mkdir /data/rocketmq/broker
You can configure the host path in the CRD yaml file like
hostPath: /data/rocketmq/broker in the
If you choose StorageClass as the storage mode, you need to prepare the storage class related provisioner and other dependencies. Using the NFS storage class as an example, the first step is to prepare a storage class based on NFS provider to create PV and PVC where the RocketMQ data will be stored.
Deploy NFS server and clients on your Kubernetes cluster. You can refer to NFS deployment document for more details. Please make sure they are functional before you go to the next step. Here is a instruction on how to verify NFS service.
$ showmount -e 192.168.130.32 Export list for 192.168.130.32: /data/k8s *
$ mkdir -p ~/test-nfc $ mount -t nfs 192.168.130.32:/data/k8s ~/test-nfc
$ touch ~/test-nfc/test.txt
$ ls -ls /data/k8s/ total 4 4 -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 4 Jul 10 21:50 test.txt
Modify the following configurations of the
... - name: NFS_SERVER value: 192.168.130.32 - name: NFS_PATH value: /data/k8s volumes: - name: nfs-client-root nfs: server: 192.168.130.32 path: /data/k8s ...
/data/k8s with your true NFS server IP address and NFS server data volume path.
$ cd deploy/storage $ ./deploy-storage-class.sh
$ kubectl get pods NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE nfs-client-provisioner-7cf858f754-7vxmm 1/1 Running 0 136m rocketmq-operator-564b5d75d-jllzk 1/1 Running 0 108s
RocketMQ Operator provides several CRDs to allow users define their RocketMQ service component cluster, which includes the Name Server cluster and the Broker cluster.
exampledirectory, for example:
apiVersion: v1 kind: ConfigMap metadata: name: broker-config data: # BROKER_MEM sets the broker JVM, if set to "" then Xms = Xmx = max(min(1/2 ram, 1024MB), min(1/4 ram, 8GB)) BROKER_MEM: "" broker-common.conf: | # brokerClusterName, brokerName, brokerId are automatically generated by the operator and do not set it manually!!! deleteWhen=04 fileReservedTime=48 flushDiskType=ASYNC_FLUSH # set brokerRole to ASYNC_MASTER or SYNC_MASTER. DO NOT set to SLAVE because the replica instance will automatically be set!!! brokerRole=ASYNC_MASTER --- apiVersion: rocketmq.apache.org/v1alpha1 kind: Broker metadata: # name of broker cluster name: broker spec: # size is the number of the broker cluster, each broker cluster contains a master broker and [replicaPerGroup] replica brokers. size: 1 # nameServers is the [ip:port] list of name service nameServers: "" # replicaPerGroup is the number of each broker cluster replicaPerGroup: 1 # brokerImage is the customized docker image repo of the RocketMQ broker brokerImage: apacherocketmq/rocketmq-broker:4.5.0-alpine-operator-0.3.0 # imagePullPolicy is the image pull policy imagePullPolicy: Always # resources describes the compute resource requirements and limits resources: requests: memory: "2048Mi" cpu: "250m" limits: memory: "12288Mi" cpu: "500m" # allowRestart defines whether allow pod restart allowRestart: true # storageMode can be EmptyDir, HostPath, StorageClass storageMode: EmptyDir # hostPath is the local path to store data hostPath: /data/rocketmq/broker # scalePodName is [Broker name]-[broker group number]-master-0 scalePodName: broker-0-master-0 # env defines custom env, e.g. BROKER_MEM env: - name: BROKER_MEM valueFrom: configMapKeyRef: name: broker-config key: BROKER_MEM # volumes defines the broker.conf volumes: - name: broker-config configMap: name: broker-config items: - key: broker-common.conf path: broker-common.conf # volumeClaimTemplates defines the storageClass volumeClaimTemplates: - metadata: name: broker-storage spec: accessModes: - ReadWriteOnce storageClassName: rocketmq-storage resources: requests: storage: 8Gi --- apiVersion: rocketmq.apache.org/v1alpha1 kind: NameService metadata: name: name-service spec: # size is the the name service instance number of the name service cluster size: 1 # nameServiceImage is the customized docker image repo of the RocketMQ name service nameServiceImage: apacherocketmq/rocketmq-nameserver:4.5.0-alpine-operator-0.3.0 # imagePullPolicy is the image pull policy imagePullPolicy: Always # hostNetwork can be true or false hostNetwork: true # Set DNS policy for the pod. # Defaults to "ClusterFirst". # Valid values are 'ClusterFirstWithHostNet', 'ClusterFirst', 'Default' or 'None'. # DNS parameters given in DNSConfig will be merged with the policy selected with DNSPolicy. # To have DNS options set along with hostNetwork, you have to specify DNS policy # explicitly to 'ClusterFirstWithHostNet'. dnsPolicy: ClusterFirstWithHostNet # resources describes the compute resource requirements and limits resources: requests: memory: "512Mi" cpu: "250m" limits: memory: "1024Mi" cpu: "500m" # storageMode can be EmptyDir, HostPath, StorageClass storageMode: EmptyDir # hostPath is the local path to store data hostPath: /data/rocketmq/nameserver # volumeClaimTemplates defines the storageClass volumeClaimTemplates: - metadata: name: namesrv-storage spec: accessModes: - ReadWriteOnce storageClassName: rocketmq-storage resources: requests: storage: 1Gi
which defines the RocketMQ name server cluster and the broker cluster scale, the [ip:port] list of name service and so on. By default, the nameServers is an empty string which means it is automatically obtained by the operator.
Notice: Currently the broker image use the formula
max(min(1/2 ram, 1024MB), min(1/4 ram, 8GB))to calculate JVM Xmx size in which
ramis the host memory size. If the memory resource limit is lower than the container requirement, it may occur the
$ kubectl apply -f example/rocketmq_v1alpha1_rocketmq_cluster.yaml broker.rocketmq.apache.org/broker created nameservice.rocketmq.apache.org/name-service created
The name server cluster will be created first, after all name server cluster is in running state, the operator will create the broker cluster.
Check the status:
$ kubectl get pods -owide NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE IP NODE NOMINATED NODE READINESS GATES broker-0-master-0 1/1 Running 0 27s 10.1.2.27 docker-desktop <none> <none> broker-0-replica-1-0 1/1 Running 0 27s 10.1.2.28 docker-desktop <none> <none> name-service-0 1/1 Running 0 27s 192.168.65.3 docker-desktop <none> <none> rocketmq-operator-76b4b9f4db-x52mz 1/1 Running 0 3h25m 10.1.2.17 docker-desktop <none> <none>
Using the default yaml, we can see that there are 2 name server Pods and 1 master broker 1 replica(slave) broker running on the k8s cluster.
hostNetwork: true). If you set
hostNetwork: true, and need to exposure the name server cluster to the outside, you can use the Service:
$ kubectl apply -f example/rocketmq_v1alpha1_cluster_service.yaml service/rocketmq-service created
$ kubectl get pvc NAME STATUS VOLUME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES STORAGECLASS AGE broker-storage-broker-0-master-0 Bound pvc-7a74871b-c005-441a-bb15-8106566c9d19 8Gi RWO rocketmq-storage 78s broker-storage-broker-0-replica-1-0 Bound pvc-521e7e9a-3795-487a-9f76-22da74db74dd 8Gi RWO rocketmq-storage 78s namesrv-storage-name-service-0 Bound pvc-c708cb49-aa52-4992-8cac-f46a48e2cc2e 1Gi RWO rocketmq-storage 79s $ kubectl get pv NAME CAPACITY ACCESS MODES RECLAIM POLICY STATUS CLAIM STORAGECLASS REASON AGE pvc-521e7e9a-3795-487a-9f76-22da74db74dd 8Gi RWO Delete Bound default/broker-storage-broker-0-replica-1-0 rocketmq-storage 79s pvc-7a74871b-c005-441a-bb15-8106566c9d19 8Gi RWO Delete Bound default/broker-storage-broker-0-master-0 rocketmq-storage 79s pvc-d7b76efe-384c-4f8d-9e8a-ebe209ba826c 8Gi RWO Delete Bound default/broker-storage-broker-1-master-0 rocketmq-storage 78s
Notice: if you don‘t choose the StorageClass storage mode, then the above PV and PVC won’t be created.
Congratulations! You have successfully deployed your RocketMQ cluster by RocketMQ Operator.
Access on any node which contains the RocketMQ service pod, check the
hostPath you configured, for example:
$ ls /data/rocketmq/broker logs store $ cat /data/rocketmq/broker/logs/broker-1-replica-1/rocketmqlogs/broker.log ... 2019-09-12 13:12:24 INFO main - The broker[broker-1, 10.244.3.35:10911] boot success. serializeType=JSON and name server is 192.168.130.35:9876 ...
Access the NFS server node of your cluster and verify whether the RocketMQ data is stored in your NFS data volume path:
$ cd /data/k8s/ $ ls default-broker-storage-broker-0-master-0-pvc-7a74871b-c005-441a-bb15-8106566c9d19 default-broker-storage-broker-0-replica-1-0-pvc-521e7e9a-3795-487a-9f76-22da74db74dd default-namesrv-storage-name-service-0-pvc-c708cb49-aa52-4992-8cac-f46a48e2cc2e $ ls default-broker-storage-broker-0-master-0-pvc-7a74871b-c005-441a-bb15-8106566c9d19/logs/rocketmqlogs/ broker_default.log broker.log commercial.log filter.log lock.log protection.log remoting.log stats.log storeerror.log store.log transaction.log watermark.log $ cat default-broker-storage-broker-0-master-0-pvc-7a74871b-c005-441a-bb15-8106566c9d19/logs/rocketmqlogs/broker.log ... 2019-09-10 14:12:22 INFO main - The broker[broker-1-master-0, 10.244.2.117:10911] boot success. serializeType=JSON and name server is 192.168.130.33:9876 ...
If the current name service cluster scale does not fit your requirements, you can simply use RocketMQ-Operator to up-scale or down-scale your name service cluster.
If you want to enlarge your name service cluster. Modify your name service CR file
rocketmq_v1alpha1_nameservice_cr.yaml, increase the field
size to the number you want, for example, from
size: 1 to
Notice: if your broker image version is 4.5.0 or earlier, you need to make sure that
allowRestart: trueis set in the broker CR file to enable rolling restart policy. If
allowRestart: false, configure it to
allowRestart: trueand run
kubectl apply -f example/rocketmq_v1alpha1_broker_cr.yamlto apply the new config.
After configuring the
size fields, simply run
kubectl apply -f example/rocketmq_v1alpha1_nameservice_cr.yaml
Then a new name service pod will be deployed and meanwhile the operator will inform all the brokers to update their name service list parameters, so they can register to the new name service.
Notice: under the policy
allowRestart: true, the broker will gradually be updated so the update process is also not perceptible to the producer and consumer clients.
It is often the case that with the development of your business, the old broker cluster scale no longer meets your needs. You can simply use RocketMQ-Operator to up-scale your broker cluster:
size in the broker CR file to the number that you want the broker cluster scale will be, for example, from
size: 1 to
Choose the source broker pod, from which the old metadata like topic and subscription information data will be transferred to the newly created brokers. The source broker pod field is
... # scalePodName is broker-[broker group number]-master-0 scalePodName: broker-0-master-0 ...
$ kubectl apply -f example/rocketmq_v1alpha1_broker_cr.yaml
Then a new broker group of pods will be deployed and meanwhile the operator will copy the metadata from the source broker pod to the newly created broker pods before the new brokers are stared, so the new brokers will reload previous topic and subscription information.
Topic Transfer means that the user wants to migrate the work of providing service for a specific topic from a source(original) cluster to a target cluster without affecting the business. This may happen when the source cluster is about to shutdown, or the user wants to reduce the workload on the source cluster.
Topic Transfer process consists of 7 steps:
Add all consumer groups of the topic to the target cluster.
Add the topic to be transferred to the target cluster.
Forbid new message writing into the source cluster.
Check the consumer group consumption progress to make sure all messages in the source cluster have been consumed.
Delete the topic in the source cluster when all messages in the source cluster have been consumed.
Delete the consumer groups in the source cluster.
Add the retry-topic to the target cluster.
TopicTransfer CRD can help you do that. Simply configure the CR file
apiVersion: rocketmq.apache.org/v1alpha1 kind: TopicTransfer metadata: name: topictransfer spec: # topic defines which topic to be transferred topic: TopicTest # sourceCluster define the source cluster sourceCluster: broker-0 # targetCluster defines the target cluster targetCluster: broker-1
Then apply the
$ kubectl apply -f example/rocketmq_v1alpha1_topictransfer_cr.yaml
The operator will automatically do the topic transfer job.
If the transfer process is failed, the operator will roll-back the transfer operations for the atomicity of the
You can check the operator logs or consume progress status to monitor and verify the topic transfer process:
$ kubectl logs -f [operator-pod-name]
$ sh bin/mqadmin consumerprogress -g [consumer-group] -n [name-server-ip]:9876
If you want to tear down the RocketMQ cluster, to remove the name server and broker clusters run
$ kubectl delete -f example/rocketmq_v1alpha1_rocketmq_cluster.yaml $ kubectl delete -f example/rocketmq_cluster_service.yaml
to remove the RocketMQ Operator:
to remove the storage class for RocketMQ:
$ cd deploy/storage $ ./remove-storage-class.sh
Note: the StorageClass and HostPath persistence data will not be deleted by default.
For developers who want to build and push the operator-related images to the docker hub, please follow the instructions below.
operator-sdk to generate the scaffolding and build the operator image. You can refer to the operator-sdk user guide for more details.
If you want to push the newly build operator image to your own docker hub, please modify the
DOCKERHUB_REPO variable in the
create-operator.sh script using your own repository. Then run the build script:
RocketMQ-Operator is based on customized images of
Name Server, which are build by
build-namesrv-image.sh respectively. Therefore, the images used in the
NameService CR yaml files should be build by these scripts.
You can also modify the
DOCKERHUB_REPO variable in the scripts to push the newly build images to your own repository:
$ cd images/alpine/broker $ ./build-broker-image.sh
$ cd images/alpine/namesrv $ ./build-namesrv-image.sh
Note: for users who just want to use the operator, there is no need to build the operator and customized broker and name server images themselves. Users can simply use the default official images which are maintained by the RocketMQ community.