Parquet-MR contains the java implementation of the Parquet format. Parquet is a columnar storage format for Hadoop; it provides efficient storage and encoding of data. Parquet uses the record shredding and assembly algorithm described in the Dremel paper to represent nested structures.
You can find some details about the format and intended use cases in our Hadoop Summit 2013 presentation
Parquet-MR uses Maven to build and depends on the thrift compiler (protoc is now managed by maven plugin).
To build and install the thrift compiler, run:
wget -nv http://archive.apache.org/dist/thrift/0.16.0/thrift-0.16.0.tar.gz tar xzf thrift-0.16.0.tar.gz cd thrift-0.16.0 chmod +x ./configure ./configure --disable-libs sudo make install
If you're on OSX and use homebrew, you can instead install Thrift 0.16.0 with
brew and ensure that it comes first in your
brew install thrift export PATH="/firstname.lastname@example.org/bin:$PATH"
Once protobuf and thrift are available in your path, you can build the project by running:
LC_ALL=C mvn clean install
Parquet is a very active project, and new features are being added quickly. Here are a few features:
The feature is experimental and is currently not part of the parquet distribution. Parquet-MR has supported Java Vector API to speed up reading, to enable this feature:
mvn clean package -P vector-plugins
Input and Output formats. Note that to use an Input or Output format, you need to implement a WriteSupport or ReadSupport class, which will implement the conversion of your object to and from a Parquet schema.
We've implemented this for 2 popular data formats to provide a clean migration path as well:
Thrift integration is provided by the parquet-thrift sub-project.
Avro conversion is implemented via the parquet-avro sub-project.
Protobuf conversion is implemented via the parquet-protobuf sub-project.
See the APIs:
A Loader and a Storer are provided to read and write Parquet files with Apache Pig
Storing data into Parquet in Pig is simple:
-- options you might want to fiddle with SET parquet.page.size 1048576 -- default. this is your min read/write unit. SET parquet.block.size 134217728 -- default. your memory budget for buffering data SET parquet.compression lzo -- or you can use none, gzip, snappy STORE mydata into '/some/path' USING parquet.pig.ParquetStorer;
Reading in Pig is also simple:
mydata = LOAD '/some/path' USING parquet.pig.ParquetLoader();
If the data was stored using Pig, things will “just work”. If the data was stored using another method, you will need to provide the Pig schema equivalent to the data you stored (you can also write the schema to the file footer while writing it -- but that's pretty advanced). We will provide a basic automatic schema conversion soon.
Hive integration is provided via the parquet-hive sub-project.
Hive integration is now deprecated within the Parquet project. It is now maintained by Apache Hive.
To run the unit tests:
To build the jars:
The build runs in GitHub Actions:
The current release is version
<dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.parquet</groupId> <artifactId>parquet-common</artifactId> <version>1.13.0</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.parquet</groupId> <artifactId>parquet-encoding</artifactId> <version>1.13.0</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.parquet</groupId> <artifactId>parquet-column</artifactId> <version>1.13.0</version> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.parquet</groupId> <artifactId>parquet-hadoop</artifactId> <version>1.13.0</version> </dependency> </dependencies>
We prefer to receive contributions in the form of GitHub pull requests. Please send pull requests against the parquet-mr Git repository. If you've previously forked Parquet from its old location, you will need to add a remote or update your origin remote to https://github.com/apache/parquet-mr.git
If you are looking for some ideas on what to contribute, check out jira issues for this project labeled “pick-me-up”. Comment on the issue and/or contact email@example.com with your questions and ideas.
If you’d like to report a bug but don’t have time to fix it, you can still post it to our issue tracker, or email the mailing list firstname.lastname@example.org
To contribute a patch:
mvn testin the root directory.
We tend to do fairly close readings of pull requests, and you may get a lot of comments. Some common issues that are not code structure related, but still important:
a + band not
foo(int a,int b)but
foo(int a, int b).
Thank you for getting involved!
We hold ourselves and the Parquet developer community to two codes of conduct:
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0: http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0