blob: d18eeab0c75f6b6b1560a5403faee3b32d63f26f [file] [log] [blame]
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// Copyright (c) 2011-present, Facebook, Inc. All rights reserved.
// This source code is licensed under both the GPLv2 (found in the
// COPYING file in the root directory) and Apache 2.0 License
// (found in the LICENSE.Apache file in the root directory).
//
// Copyright (c) 2011 The LevelDB Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file. See the AUTHORS file for names of contributors.
//
// The test uses an array to compare against values written to the database.
// Keys written to the array are in 1:1 correspondence to the actual values in
// the database according to the formula in the function GenerateValue.
// Space is reserved in the array from 0 to FLAGS_max_key and values are
// randomly written/deleted/read from those positions. During verification we
// compare all the positions in the array. To shorten/elongate the running
// time, you could change the settings: FLAGS_max_key, FLAGS_ops_per_thread,
// (sometimes also FLAGS_threads).
//
// NOTE that if FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots is set, the test will have
// different behavior. See comment of the flag for details.
#ifndef GFLAGS
#include <cstdio>
int main() {
fprintf(stderr, "Please install gflags to run rocksdb tools\n");
return 1;
}
#else
#define __STDC_FORMAT_MACROS
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <algorithm>
#include <chrono>
#include <exception>
#include <thread>
#include <gflags/gflags.h>
#include "db/db_impl.h"
#include "db/version_set.h"
#include "hdfs/env_hdfs.h"
#include "monitoring/histogram.h"
#include "options/options_helper.h"
#include "port/port.h"
#include "rocksdb/cache.h"
#include "rocksdb/env.h"
#include "rocksdb/slice.h"
#include "rocksdb/slice_transform.h"
#include "rocksdb/statistics.h"
#include "rocksdb/utilities/db_ttl.h"
#include "rocksdb/write_batch.h"
#include "util/coding.h"
#include "util/compression.h"
#include "util/crc32c.h"
#include "util/logging.h"
#include "util/mutexlock.h"
#include "util/random.h"
#include "util/string_util.h"
// SyncPoint is not supported in Released Windows Mode.
#if !(defined NDEBUG) || !defined(OS_WIN)
#include "util/sync_point.h"
#endif // !(defined NDEBUG) || !defined(OS_WIN)
#include "util/testutil.h"
#include "utilities/merge_operators.h"
using GFLAGS::ParseCommandLineFlags;
using GFLAGS::RegisterFlagValidator;
using GFLAGS::SetUsageMessage;
static const long KB = 1024;
static const int kRandomValueMaxFactor = 3;
static const int kValueMaxLen = 100;
static bool ValidateUint32Range(const char* flagname, uint64_t value) {
if (value > std::numeric_limits<uint32_t>::max()) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Invalid value for --%s: %lu, overflow\n",
flagname,
(unsigned long)value);
return false;
}
return true;
}
DEFINE_uint64(seed, 2341234, "Seed for PRNG");
static const bool FLAGS_seed_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_seed, &ValidateUint32Range);
DEFINE_int64(max_key, 1 * KB* KB,
"Max number of key/values to place in database");
DEFINE_int32(column_families, 10, "Number of column families");
DEFINE_int64(
active_width, 0,
"Number of keys in active span of the key-range at any given time. The "
"span begins with its left endpoint at key 0, gradually moves rightwards, "
"and ends with its right endpoint at max_key. If set to 0, active_width "
"will be sanitized to be equal to max_key.");
// TODO(noetzli) Add support for single deletes
DEFINE_bool(test_batches_snapshots, false,
"If set, the test uses MultiGet(), MultiPut() and MultiDelete()"
" which read/write/delete multiple keys in a batch. In this mode,"
" we do not verify db content by comparing the content with the "
"pre-allocated array. Instead, we do partial verification inside"
" MultiGet() by checking various values in a batch. Benefit of"
" this mode:\n"
"\t(a) No need to acquire mutexes during writes (less cache "
"flushes in multi-core leading to speed up)\n"
"\t(b) No long validation at the end (more speed up)\n"
"\t(c) Test snapshot and atomicity of batch writes");
DEFINE_int32(threads, 32, "Number of concurrent threads to run.");
DEFINE_int32(ttl, -1,
"Opens the db with this ttl value if this is not -1. "
"Carefully specify a large value such that verifications on "
"deleted values don't fail");
DEFINE_int32(value_size_mult, 8,
"Size of value will be this number times rand_int(1,3) bytes");
DEFINE_int32(compaction_readahead_size, 0, "Compaction readahead size");
DEFINE_bool(verify_before_write, false, "Verify before write");
DEFINE_bool(histogram, false, "Print histogram of operation timings");
DEFINE_bool(destroy_db_initially, true,
"Destroys the database dir before start if this is true");
DEFINE_bool(verbose, false, "Verbose");
DEFINE_bool(progress_reports, true,
"If true, db_stress will report number of finished operations");
DEFINE_uint64(db_write_buffer_size, rocksdb::Options().db_write_buffer_size,
"Number of bytes to buffer in all memtables before compacting");
DEFINE_int32(write_buffer_size,
static_cast<int32_t>(rocksdb::Options().write_buffer_size),
"Number of bytes to buffer in memtable before compacting");
DEFINE_int32(max_write_buffer_number,
rocksdb::Options().max_write_buffer_number,
"The number of in-memory memtables. "
"Each memtable is of size FLAGS_write_buffer_size.");
DEFINE_int32(min_write_buffer_number_to_merge,
rocksdb::Options().min_write_buffer_number_to_merge,
"The minimum number of write buffers that will be merged together "
"before writing to storage. This is cheap because it is an "
"in-memory merge. If this feature is not enabled, then all these "
"write buffers are flushed to L0 as separate files and this "
"increases read amplification because a get request has to check "
"in all of these files. Also, an in-memory merge may result in "
"writing less data to storage if there are duplicate records in"
" each of these individual write buffers.");
DEFINE_int32(max_write_buffer_number_to_maintain,
rocksdb::Options().max_write_buffer_number_to_maintain,
"The total maximum number of write buffers to maintain in memory "
"including copies of buffers that have already been flushed. "
"Unlike max_write_buffer_number, this parameter does not affect "
"flushing. This controls the minimum amount of write history "
"that will be available in memory for conflict checking when "
"Transactions are used. If this value is too low, some "
"transactions may fail at commit time due to not being able to "
"determine whether there were any write conflicts. Setting this "
"value to 0 will cause write buffers to be freed immediately "
"after they are flushed. If this value is set to -1, "
"'max_write_buffer_number' will be used.");
DEFINE_double(memtable_prefix_bloom_size_ratio,
rocksdb::Options().memtable_prefix_bloom_size_ratio,
"creates prefix blooms for memtables, each with size "
"`write_buffer_size * memtable_prefix_bloom_size_ratio`.");
DEFINE_int32(open_files, rocksdb::Options().max_open_files,
"Maximum number of files to keep open at the same time "
"(use default if == 0)");
DEFINE_int64(compressed_cache_size, -1,
"Number of bytes to use as a cache of compressed data."
" Negative means use default settings.");
DEFINE_int32(compaction_style, rocksdb::Options().compaction_style, "");
DEFINE_int32(level0_file_num_compaction_trigger,
rocksdb::Options().level0_file_num_compaction_trigger,
"Level0 compaction start trigger");
DEFINE_int32(level0_slowdown_writes_trigger,
rocksdb::Options().level0_slowdown_writes_trigger,
"Number of files in level-0 that will slow down writes");
DEFINE_int32(level0_stop_writes_trigger,
rocksdb::Options().level0_stop_writes_trigger,
"Number of files in level-0 that will trigger put stop.");
DEFINE_int32(block_size,
static_cast<int32_t>(rocksdb::BlockBasedTableOptions().block_size),
"Number of bytes in a block.");
DEFINE_int32(max_background_compactions,
rocksdb::Options().max_background_compactions,
"The maximum number of concurrent background compactions "
"that can occur in parallel.");
DEFINE_int32(num_bottom_pri_threads, 0,
"The number of threads in the bottom-priority thread pool (used "
"by universal compaction only).");
DEFINE_int32(compaction_thread_pool_adjust_interval, 0,
"The interval (in milliseconds) to adjust compaction thread pool "
"size. Don't change it periodically if the value is 0.");
DEFINE_int32(compaction_thread_pool_variations, 2,
"Range of background thread pool size variations when adjusted "
"periodically.");
DEFINE_int32(max_background_flushes, rocksdb::Options().max_background_flushes,
"The maximum number of concurrent background flushes "
"that can occur in parallel.");
DEFINE_int32(universal_size_ratio, 0, "The ratio of file sizes that trigger"
" compaction in universal style");
DEFINE_int32(universal_min_merge_width, 0, "The minimum number of files to "
"compact in universal style compaction");
DEFINE_int32(universal_max_merge_width, 0, "The max number of files to compact"
" in universal style compaction");
DEFINE_int32(universal_max_size_amplification_percent, 0,
"The max size amplification for universal style compaction");
DEFINE_int32(clear_column_family_one_in, 1000000,
"With a chance of 1/N, delete a column family and then recreate "
"it again. If N == 0, never drop/create column families. "
"When test_batches_snapshots is true, this flag has no effect");
DEFINE_int32(set_options_one_in, 0,
"With a chance of 1/N, change some random options");
DEFINE_int32(set_in_place_one_in, 0,
"With a chance of 1/N, toggle in place support option");
DEFINE_int64(cache_size, 2LL * KB * KB * KB,
"Number of bytes to use as a cache of uncompressed data.");
DEFINE_bool(use_clock_cache, false,
"Replace default LRU block cache with clock cache.");
DEFINE_uint64(subcompactions, 1,
"Maximum number of subcompactions to divide L0-L1 compactions "
"into.");
DEFINE_bool(allow_concurrent_memtable_write, false,
"Allow multi-writers to update mem tables in parallel.");
DEFINE_bool(enable_write_thread_adaptive_yield, true,
"Use a yielding spin loop for brief writer thread waits.");
static const bool FLAGS_subcompactions_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_subcompactions, &ValidateUint32Range);
static bool ValidateInt32Positive(const char* flagname, int32_t value) {
if (value < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Invalid value for --%s: %d, must be >=0\n",
flagname, value);
return false;
}
return true;
}
DEFINE_int32(reopen, 10, "Number of times database reopens");
static const bool FLAGS_reopen_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_reopen, &ValidateInt32Positive);
DEFINE_int32(bloom_bits, 10, "Bloom filter bits per key. "
"Negative means use default settings.");
DEFINE_bool(use_block_based_filter, false, "use block based filter"
"instead of full filter for block based table");
DEFINE_string(db, "", "Use the db with the following name.");
DEFINE_bool(verify_checksum, false,
"Verify checksum for every block read from storage");
DEFINE_bool(mmap_read, rocksdb::Options().allow_mmap_reads,
"Allow reads to occur via mmap-ing files");
DEFINE_bool(mmap_write, rocksdb::Options().allow_mmap_writes,
"Allow writes to occur via mmap-ing files");
DEFINE_bool(use_direct_reads, rocksdb::Options().use_direct_reads,
"Use O_DIRECT for reading data");
DEFINE_bool(use_direct_io_for_flush_and_compaction,
rocksdb::Options().use_direct_io_for_flush_and_compaction,
"Use O_DIRECT for writing data");
// Database statistics
static std::shared_ptr<rocksdb::Statistics> dbstats;
DEFINE_bool(statistics, false, "Create database statistics");
DEFINE_bool(sync, false, "Sync all writes to disk");
DEFINE_bool(use_fsync, false, "If true, issue fsync instead of fdatasync");
DEFINE_int32(kill_random_test, 0,
"If non-zero, kill at various points in source code with "
"probability 1/this");
static const bool FLAGS_kill_random_test_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_kill_random_test, &ValidateInt32Positive);
extern int rocksdb_kill_odds;
DEFINE_string(kill_prefix_blacklist, "",
"If non-empty, kill points with prefix in the list given will be"
" skipped. Items are comma-separated.");
extern std::vector<std::string> rocksdb_kill_prefix_blacklist;
DEFINE_bool(disable_wal, false, "If true, do not write WAL for write.");
DEFINE_int64(target_file_size_base, rocksdb::Options().target_file_size_base,
"Target level-1 file size for compaction");
DEFINE_int32(target_file_size_multiplier, 1,
"A multiplier to compute target level-N file size (N >= 2)");
DEFINE_uint64(max_bytes_for_level_base,
rocksdb::Options().max_bytes_for_level_base,
"Max bytes for level-1");
DEFINE_double(max_bytes_for_level_multiplier, 2,
"A multiplier to compute max bytes for level-N (N >= 2)");
DEFINE_int32(range_deletion_width, 10,
"The width of the range deletion intervals.");
DEFINE_uint64(rate_limiter_bytes_per_sec, 0, "Set options.rate_limiter value.");
DEFINE_bool(rate_limit_bg_reads, false,
"Use options.rate_limiter on compaction reads");
// Temporarily disable this to allows it to detect new bugs
DEFINE_int32(compact_files_one_in, 0,
"If non-zero, then CompactFiles() will be called one for every N "
"operations IN AVERAGE. 0 indicates CompactFiles() is disabled.");
static bool ValidateInt32Percent(const char* flagname, int32_t value) {
if (value < 0 || value>100) {
fprintf(stderr, "Invalid value for --%s: %d, 0<= pct <=100 \n",
flagname, value);
return false;
}
return true;
}
DEFINE_int32(readpercent, 10,
"Ratio of reads to total workload (expressed as a percentage)");
static const bool FLAGS_readpercent_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_readpercent, &ValidateInt32Percent);
DEFINE_int32(prefixpercent, 20,
"Ratio of prefix iterators to total workload (expressed as a"
" percentage)");
static const bool FLAGS_prefixpercent_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_prefixpercent, &ValidateInt32Percent);
DEFINE_int32(writepercent, 45,
"Ratio of writes to total workload (expressed as a percentage)");
static const bool FLAGS_writepercent_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_writepercent, &ValidateInt32Percent);
DEFINE_int32(delpercent, 15,
"Ratio of deletes to total workload (expressed as a percentage)");
static const bool FLAGS_delpercent_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_delpercent, &ValidateInt32Percent);
DEFINE_int32(delrangepercent, 0,
"Ratio of range deletions to total workload (expressed as a "
"percentage). Cannot be used with test_batches_snapshots");
static const bool FLAGS_delrangepercent_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_delrangepercent, &ValidateInt32Percent);
DEFINE_int32(nooverwritepercent, 60,
"Ratio of keys without overwrite to total workload (expressed as "
" a percentage)");
static const bool FLAGS_nooverwritepercent_dummy __attribute__((__unused__)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_nooverwritepercent, &ValidateInt32Percent);
DEFINE_int32(iterpercent, 10, "Ratio of iterations to total workload"
" (expressed as a percentage)");
static const bool FLAGS_iterpercent_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_iterpercent, &ValidateInt32Percent);
DEFINE_uint64(num_iterations, 10, "Number of iterations per MultiIterate run");
static const bool FLAGS_num_iterations_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_num_iterations, &ValidateUint32Range);
namespace {
enum rocksdb::CompressionType StringToCompressionType(const char* ctype) {
assert(ctype);
if (!strcasecmp(ctype, "none"))
return rocksdb::kNoCompression;
else if (!strcasecmp(ctype, "snappy"))
return rocksdb::kSnappyCompression;
else if (!strcasecmp(ctype, "zlib"))
return rocksdb::kZlibCompression;
else if (!strcasecmp(ctype, "bzip2"))
return rocksdb::kBZip2Compression;
else if (!strcasecmp(ctype, "lz4"))
return rocksdb::kLZ4Compression;
else if (!strcasecmp(ctype, "lz4hc"))
return rocksdb::kLZ4HCCompression;
else if (!strcasecmp(ctype, "xpress"))
return rocksdb::kXpressCompression;
else if (!strcasecmp(ctype, "zstd"))
return rocksdb::kZSTD;
fprintf(stderr, "Cannot parse compression type '%s'\n", ctype);
return rocksdb::kSnappyCompression; //default value
}
enum rocksdb::ChecksumType StringToChecksumType(const char* ctype) {
assert(ctype);
auto iter = rocksdb::checksum_type_string_map.find(ctype);
if (iter != rocksdb::checksum_type_string_map.end()) {
return iter->second;
}
fprintf(stderr, "Cannot parse checksum type '%s'\n", ctype);
return rocksdb::kCRC32c;
}
std::string ChecksumTypeToString(rocksdb::ChecksumType ctype) {
auto iter = std::find_if(
rocksdb::checksum_type_string_map.begin(),
rocksdb::checksum_type_string_map.end(),
[&](const std::pair<std::string, rocksdb::ChecksumType>&
name_and_enum_val) { return name_and_enum_val.second == ctype; });
assert(iter != rocksdb::checksum_type_string_map.end());
return iter->first;
}
std::vector<std::string> SplitString(std::string src) {
std::vector<std::string> ret;
if (src.empty()) {
return ret;
}
size_t pos = 0;
size_t pos_comma;
while ((pos_comma = src.find(',', pos)) != std::string::npos) {
ret.push_back(src.substr(pos, pos_comma - pos));
pos = pos_comma + 1;
}
ret.push_back(src.substr(pos, src.length()));
return ret;
}
} // namespace
DEFINE_string(compression_type, "snappy",
"Algorithm to use to compress the database");
static enum rocksdb::CompressionType FLAGS_compression_type_e =
rocksdb::kSnappyCompression;
DEFINE_string(checksum_type, "kCRC32c", "Algorithm to use to checksum blocks");
static enum rocksdb::ChecksumType FLAGS_checksum_type_e = rocksdb::kCRC32c;
DEFINE_string(hdfs, "", "Name of hdfs environment");
// posix or hdfs environment
static rocksdb::Env* FLAGS_env = rocksdb::Env::Default();
DEFINE_uint64(ops_per_thread, 1200000, "Number of operations per thread.");
static const bool FLAGS_ops_per_thread_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_ops_per_thread, &ValidateUint32Range);
DEFINE_uint64(log2_keys_per_lock, 2, "Log2 of number of keys per lock");
static const bool FLAGS_log2_keys_per_lock_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_log2_keys_per_lock, &ValidateUint32Range);
DEFINE_bool(in_place_update, false, "On true, does inplace update in memtable");
enum RepFactory {
kSkipList,
kHashSkipList,
kVectorRep
};
namespace {
enum RepFactory StringToRepFactory(const char* ctype) {
assert(ctype);
if (!strcasecmp(ctype, "skip_list"))
return kSkipList;
else if (!strcasecmp(ctype, "prefix_hash"))
return kHashSkipList;
else if (!strcasecmp(ctype, "vector"))
return kVectorRep;
fprintf(stdout, "Cannot parse memreptable %s\n", ctype);
return kSkipList;
}
} // namespace
static enum RepFactory FLAGS_rep_factory;
DEFINE_string(memtablerep, "prefix_hash", "");
static bool ValidatePrefixSize(const char* flagname, int32_t value) {
if (value < 0 || value > 8) {
fprintf(stderr, "Invalid value for --%s: %d. 0 <= PrefixSize <= 8\n",
flagname, value);
return false;
}
return true;
}
DEFINE_int32(prefix_size, 7, "Control the prefix size for HashSkipListRep");
static const bool FLAGS_prefix_size_dummy __attribute__((unused)) =
RegisterFlagValidator(&FLAGS_prefix_size, &ValidatePrefixSize);
DEFINE_bool(use_merge, false, "On true, replaces all writes with a Merge "
"that behaves like a Put");
DEFINE_bool(use_full_merge_v1, false,
"On true, use a merge operator that implement the deprecated "
"version of FullMerge");
namespace rocksdb {
// convert long to a big-endian slice key
static std::string Key(int64_t val) {
std::string little_endian_key;
std::string big_endian_key;
PutFixed64(&little_endian_key, val);
assert(little_endian_key.size() == sizeof(val));
big_endian_key.resize(sizeof(val));
for (size_t i = 0 ; i < sizeof(val); ++i) {
big_endian_key[i] = little_endian_key[sizeof(val) - 1 - i];
}
return big_endian_key;
}
static std::string StringToHex(const std::string& str) {
std::string result = "0x";
result.append(Slice(str).ToString(true));
return result;
}
class StressTest;
namespace {
class Stats {
private:
uint64_t start_;
uint64_t finish_;
double seconds_;
long done_;
long gets_;
long prefixes_;
long writes_;
long deletes_;
size_t single_deletes_;
long iterator_size_sums_;
long founds_;
long iterations_;
long range_deletions_;
long covered_by_range_deletions_;
long errors_;
long num_compact_files_succeed_;
long num_compact_files_failed_;
int next_report_;
size_t bytes_;
uint64_t last_op_finish_;
HistogramImpl hist_;
public:
Stats() { }
void Start() {
next_report_ = 100;
hist_.Clear();
done_ = 0;
gets_ = 0;
prefixes_ = 0;
writes_ = 0;
deletes_ = 0;
single_deletes_ = 0;
iterator_size_sums_ = 0;
founds_ = 0;
iterations_ = 0;
range_deletions_ = 0;
covered_by_range_deletions_ = 0;
errors_ = 0;
bytes_ = 0;
seconds_ = 0;
num_compact_files_succeed_ = 0;
num_compact_files_failed_ = 0;
start_ = FLAGS_env->NowMicros();
last_op_finish_ = start_;
finish_ = start_;
}
void Merge(const Stats& other) {
hist_.Merge(other.hist_);
done_ += other.done_;
gets_ += other.gets_;
prefixes_ += other.prefixes_;
writes_ += other.writes_;
deletes_ += other.deletes_;
single_deletes_ += other.single_deletes_;
iterator_size_sums_ += other.iterator_size_sums_;
founds_ += other.founds_;
iterations_ += other.iterations_;
range_deletions_ += other.range_deletions_;
covered_by_range_deletions_ = other.covered_by_range_deletions_;
errors_ += other.errors_;
bytes_ += other.bytes_;
seconds_ += other.seconds_;
num_compact_files_succeed_ += other.num_compact_files_succeed_;
num_compact_files_failed_ += other.num_compact_files_failed_;
if (other.start_ < start_) start_ = other.start_;
if (other.finish_ > finish_) finish_ = other.finish_;
}
void Stop() {
finish_ = FLAGS_env->NowMicros();
seconds_ = (finish_ - start_) * 1e-6;
}
void FinishedSingleOp() {
if (FLAGS_histogram) {
auto now = FLAGS_env->NowMicros();
auto micros = now - last_op_finish_;
hist_.Add(micros);
if (micros > 20000) {
fprintf(stdout, "long op: %" PRIu64 " micros%30s\r", micros, "");
}
last_op_finish_ = now;
}
done_++;
if (FLAGS_progress_reports) {
if (done_ >= next_report_) {
if (next_report_ < 1000) next_report_ += 100;
else if (next_report_ < 5000) next_report_ += 500;
else if (next_report_ < 10000) next_report_ += 1000;
else if (next_report_ < 50000) next_report_ += 5000;
else if (next_report_ < 100000) next_report_ += 10000;
else if (next_report_ < 500000) next_report_ += 50000;
else next_report_ += 100000;
fprintf(stdout, "... finished %ld ops%30s\r", done_, "");
}
}
}
void AddBytesForWrites(int nwrites, size_t nbytes) {
writes_ += nwrites;
bytes_ += nbytes;
}
void AddGets(int ngets, int nfounds) {
founds_ += nfounds;
gets_ += ngets;
}
void AddPrefixes(int nprefixes, int count) {
prefixes_ += nprefixes;
iterator_size_sums_ += count;
}
void AddIterations(int n) {
iterations_ += n;
}
void AddDeletes(int n) {
deletes_ += n;
}
void AddSingleDeletes(size_t n) { single_deletes_ += n; }
void AddRangeDeletions(int n) {
range_deletions_ += n;
}
void AddCoveredByRangeDeletions(int n) {
covered_by_range_deletions_ += n;
}
void AddErrors(int n) {
errors_ += n;
}
void AddNumCompactFilesSucceed(int n) { num_compact_files_succeed_ += n; }
void AddNumCompactFilesFailed(int n) { num_compact_files_failed_ += n; }
void Report(const char* name) {
std::string extra;
if (bytes_ < 1 || done_ < 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "No writes or ops?\n");
return;
}
double elapsed = (finish_ - start_) * 1e-6;
double bytes_mb = bytes_ / 1048576.0;
double rate = bytes_mb / elapsed;
double throughput = (double)done_/elapsed;
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: ", name);
fprintf(stdout, "%.3f micros/op %ld ops/sec\n",
seconds_ * 1e6 / done_, (long)throughput);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: Wrote %.2f MB (%.2f MB/sec) (%ld%% of %ld ops)\n",
"", bytes_mb, rate, (100*writes_)/done_, done_);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: Wrote %ld times\n", "", writes_);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: Deleted %ld times\n", "", deletes_);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: Single deleted %" ROCKSDB_PRIszt " times\n", "",
single_deletes_);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: %ld read and %ld found the key\n", "",
gets_, founds_);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: Prefix scanned %ld times\n", "", prefixes_);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: Iterator size sum is %ld\n", "",
iterator_size_sums_);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: Iterated %ld times\n", "", iterations_);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: Deleted %ld key-ranges\n", "", range_deletions_);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: Range deletions covered %ld keys\n", "",
covered_by_range_deletions_);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: Got errors %ld times\n", "", errors_);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: %ld CompactFiles() succeed\n", "",
num_compact_files_succeed_);
fprintf(stdout, "%-12s: %ld CompactFiles() did not succeed\n", "",
num_compact_files_failed_);
if (FLAGS_histogram) {
fprintf(stdout, "Microseconds per op:\n%s\n", hist_.ToString().c_str());
}
fflush(stdout);
}
};
// State shared by all concurrent executions of the same benchmark.
class SharedState {
public:
static const uint32_t SENTINEL;
explicit SharedState(StressTest* stress_test)
: cv_(&mu_),
seed_(static_cast<uint32_t>(FLAGS_seed)),
max_key_(FLAGS_max_key),
log2_keys_per_lock_(static_cast<uint32_t>(FLAGS_log2_keys_per_lock)),
num_threads_(FLAGS_threads),
num_initialized_(0),
num_populated_(0),
vote_reopen_(0),
num_done_(0),
start_(false),
start_verify_(false),
should_stop_bg_thread_(false),
bg_thread_finished_(false),
stress_test_(stress_test),
verification_failure_(false),
no_overwrite_ids_(FLAGS_column_families) {
// Pick random keys in each column family that will not experience
// overwrite
printf("Choosing random keys with no overwrite\n");
Random rnd(seed_);
size_t num_no_overwrite_keys = (max_key_ * FLAGS_nooverwritepercent) / 100;
for (auto& cf_ids : no_overwrite_ids_) {
for (size_t i = 0; i < num_no_overwrite_keys; i++) {
size_t rand_key;
do {
rand_key = rnd.Next() % max_key_;
} while (cf_ids.find(rand_key) != cf_ids.end());
cf_ids.insert(rand_key);
}
assert(cf_ids.size() == num_no_overwrite_keys);
}
if (FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots) {
fprintf(stdout, "No lock creation because test_batches_snapshots set\n");
return;
}
values_.resize(FLAGS_column_families);
for (int i = 0; i < FLAGS_column_families; ++i) {
values_[i] = std::vector<uint32_t>(max_key_, SENTINEL);
}
long num_locks = static_cast<long>(max_key_ >> log2_keys_per_lock_);
if (max_key_ & ((1 << log2_keys_per_lock_) - 1)) {
num_locks++;
}
fprintf(stdout, "Creating %ld locks\n", num_locks * FLAGS_column_families);
key_locks_.resize(FLAGS_column_families);
for (int i = 0; i < FLAGS_column_families; ++i) {
key_locks_[i].resize(num_locks);
for (auto& ptr : key_locks_[i]) {
ptr.reset(new port::Mutex);
}
}
}
~SharedState() {}
port::Mutex* GetMutex() {
return &mu_;
}
port::CondVar* GetCondVar() {
return &cv_;
}
StressTest* GetStressTest() const {
return stress_test_;
}
int64_t GetMaxKey() const {
return max_key_;
}
uint32_t GetNumThreads() const {
return num_threads_;
}
void IncInitialized() {
num_initialized_++;
}
void IncOperated() {
num_populated_++;
}
void IncDone() {
num_done_++;
}
void IncVotedReopen() {
vote_reopen_ = (vote_reopen_ + 1) % num_threads_;
}
bool AllInitialized() const {
return num_initialized_ >= num_threads_;
}
bool AllOperated() const {
return num_populated_ >= num_threads_;
}
bool AllDone() const {
return num_done_ >= num_threads_;
}
bool AllVotedReopen() {
return (vote_reopen_ == 0);
}
void SetStart() {
start_ = true;
}
void SetStartVerify() {
start_verify_ = true;
}
bool Started() const {
return start_;
}
bool VerifyStarted() const {
return start_verify_;
}
void SetVerificationFailure() { verification_failure_.store(true); }
bool HasVerificationFailedYet() { return verification_failure_.load(); }
port::Mutex* GetMutexForKey(int cf, long key) {
return key_locks_[cf][key >> log2_keys_per_lock_].get();
}
void LockColumnFamily(int cf) {
for (auto& mutex : key_locks_[cf]) {
mutex->Lock();
}
}
void UnlockColumnFamily(int cf) {
for (auto& mutex : key_locks_[cf]) {
mutex->Unlock();
}
}
void ClearColumnFamily(int cf) {
std::fill(values_[cf].begin(), values_[cf].end(), SENTINEL);
}
void Put(int cf, int64_t key, uint32_t value_base) {
values_[cf][key] = value_base;
}
uint32_t Get(int cf, int64_t key) const { return values_[cf][key]; }
void Delete(int cf, int64_t key) { values_[cf][key] = SENTINEL; }
void SingleDelete(int cf, int64_t key) { values_[cf][key] = SENTINEL; }
int DeleteRange(int cf, int64_t begin_key, int64_t end_key) {
int covered = 0;
for (int64_t key = begin_key; key < end_key; ++key) {
if (values_[cf][key] != SENTINEL) {
++covered;
}
values_[cf][key] = SENTINEL;
}
return covered;
}
bool AllowsOverwrite(int cf, int64_t key) {
return no_overwrite_ids_[cf].find(key) == no_overwrite_ids_[cf].end();
}
bool Exists(int cf, int64_t key) { return values_[cf][key] != SENTINEL; }
uint32_t GetSeed() const { return seed_; }
void SetShouldStopBgThread() { should_stop_bg_thread_ = true; }
bool ShoudStopBgThread() { return should_stop_bg_thread_; }
void SetBgThreadFinish() { bg_thread_finished_ = true; }
bool BgThreadFinished() const { return bg_thread_finished_; }
private:
port::Mutex mu_;
port::CondVar cv_;
const uint32_t seed_;
const int64_t max_key_;
const uint32_t log2_keys_per_lock_;
const int num_threads_;
long num_initialized_;
long num_populated_;
long vote_reopen_;
long num_done_;
bool start_;
bool start_verify_;
bool should_stop_bg_thread_;
bool bg_thread_finished_;
StressTest* stress_test_;
std::atomic<bool> verification_failure_;
// Keys that should not be overwritten
std::vector<std::set<size_t> > no_overwrite_ids_;
std::vector<std::vector<uint32_t>> values_;
// Has to make it owned by a smart ptr as port::Mutex is not copyable
// and storing it in the container may require copying depending on the impl.
std::vector<std::vector<std::unique_ptr<port::Mutex> > > key_locks_;
};
const uint32_t SharedState::SENTINEL = 0xffffffff;
// Per-thread state for concurrent executions of the same benchmark.
struct ThreadState {
uint32_t tid; // 0..n-1
Random rand; // Has different seeds for different threads
SharedState* shared;
Stats stats;
ThreadState(uint32_t index, SharedState* _shared)
: tid(index), rand(1000 + index + _shared->GetSeed()), shared(_shared) {}
};
class DbStressListener : public EventListener {
public:
DbStressListener(const std::string& db_name,
const std::vector<DbPath>& db_paths)
: db_name_(db_name), db_paths_(db_paths) {}
virtual ~DbStressListener() {}
#ifndef ROCKSDB_LITE
virtual void OnFlushCompleted(DB* db, const FlushJobInfo& info) override {
assert(db);
assert(db->GetName() == db_name_);
assert(IsValidColumnFamilyName(info.cf_name));
VerifyFilePath(info.file_path);
// pretending doing some work here
std::this_thread::sleep_for(
std::chrono::microseconds(Random::GetTLSInstance()->Uniform(5000)));
}
virtual void OnCompactionCompleted(DB* db,
const CompactionJobInfo& ci) override {
assert(db);
assert(db->GetName() == db_name_);
assert(IsValidColumnFamilyName(ci.cf_name));
assert(ci.input_files.size() + ci.output_files.size() > 0U);
for (const auto& file_path : ci.input_files) {
VerifyFilePath(file_path);
}
for (const auto& file_path : ci.output_files) {
VerifyFilePath(file_path);
}
// pretending doing some work here
std::this_thread::sleep_for(
std::chrono::microseconds(Random::GetTLSInstance()->Uniform(5000)));
}
virtual void OnTableFileCreated(const TableFileCreationInfo& info) override {
assert(info.db_name == db_name_);
assert(IsValidColumnFamilyName(info.cf_name));
VerifyFilePath(info.file_path);
assert(info.job_id > 0 || FLAGS_compact_files_one_in > 0);
if (info.status.ok()) {
assert(info.file_size > 0);
assert(info.table_properties.data_size > 0);
assert(info.table_properties.raw_key_size > 0);
assert(info.table_properties.num_entries > 0);
}
}
protected:
bool IsValidColumnFamilyName(const std::string& cf_name) const {
if (cf_name == kDefaultColumnFamilyName) {
return true;
}
// The column family names in the stress tests are numbers.
for (size_t i = 0; i < cf_name.size(); ++i) {
if (cf_name[i] < '0' || cf_name[i] > '9') {
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
void VerifyFileDir(const std::string& file_dir) {
#ifndef NDEBUG
if (db_name_ == file_dir) {
return;
}
for (const auto& db_path : db_paths_) {
if (db_path.path == file_dir) {
return;
}
}
assert(false);
#endif // !NDEBUG
}
void VerifyFileName(const std::string& file_name) {
#ifndef NDEBUG
uint64_t file_number;
FileType file_type;
bool result = ParseFileName(file_name, &file_number, &file_type);
assert(result);
assert(file_type == kTableFile);
#endif // !NDEBUG
}
void VerifyFilePath(const std::string& file_path) {
#ifndef NDEBUG
size_t pos = file_path.find_last_of("/");
if (pos == std::string::npos) {
VerifyFileName(file_path);
} else {
if (pos > 0) {
VerifyFileDir(file_path.substr(0, pos));
}
VerifyFileName(file_path.substr(pos));
}
#endif // !NDEBUG
}
#endif // !ROCKSDB_LITE
private:
std::string db_name_;
std::vector<DbPath> db_paths_;
};
} // namespace
class StressTest {
public:
StressTest()
: cache_(NewCache(FLAGS_cache_size)),
compressed_cache_(NewLRUCache(FLAGS_compressed_cache_size)),
filter_policy_(FLAGS_bloom_bits >= 0
? FLAGS_use_block_based_filter
? NewBloomFilterPolicy(FLAGS_bloom_bits, true)
: NewBloomFilterPolicy(FLAGS_bloom_bits, false)
: nullptr),
db_(nullptr),
new_column_family_name_(1),
num_times_reopened_(0) {
if (FLAGS_destroy_db_initially) {
std::vector<std::string> files;
FLAGS_env->GetChildren(FLAGS_db, &files);
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < files.size(); i++) {
if (Slice(files[i]).starts_with("heap-")) {
FLAGS_env->DeleteFile(FLAGS_db + "/" + files[i]);
}
}
DestroyDB(FLAGS_db, Options());
}
}
~StressTest() {
for (auto cf : column_families_) {
delete cf;
}
column_families_.clear();
delete db_;
}
std::shared_ptr<Cache> NewCache(size_t capacity) {
if (capacity <= 0) {
return nullptr;
}
if (FLAGS_use_clock_cache) {
auto cache = NewClockCache((size_t)capacity);
if (!cache) {
fprintf(stderr, "Clock cache not supported.");
exit(1);
}
return cache;
} else {
return NewLRUCache((size_t)capacity);
}
}
bool BuildOptionsTable() {
if (FLAGS_set_options_one_in <= 0) {
return true;
}
std::unordered_map<std::string, std::vector<std::string> > options_tbl = {
{"write_buffer_size",
{ToString(FLAGS_write_buffer_size),
ToString(FLAGS_write_buffer_size * 2),
ToString(FLAGS_write_buffer_size * 4)}},
{"max_write_buffer_number",
{ToString(FLAGS_max_write_buffer_number),
ToString(FLAGS_max_write_buffer_number * 2),
ToString(FLAGS_max_write_buffer_number * 4)}},
{"arena_block_size",
{
ToString(Options().arena_block_size),
ToString(FLAGS_write_buffer_size / 4),
ToString(FLAGS_write_buffer_size / 8),
}},
{"memtable_huge_page_size", {"0", ToString(2 * 1024 * 1024)}},
{"max_successive_merges", {"0", "2", "4"}},
{"inplace_update_num_locks", {"100", "200", "300"}},
// TODO(ljin): enable test for this option
// {"disable_auto_compactions", {"100", "200", "300"}},
{"soft_rate_limit", {"0", "0.5", "0.9"}},
{"hard_rate_limit", {"0", "1.1", "2.0"}},
{"level0_file_num_compaction_trigger",
{
ToString(FLAGS_level0_file_num_compaction_trigger),
ToString(FLAGS_level0_file_num_compaction_trigger + 2),
ToString(FLAGS_level0_file_num_compaction_trigger + 4),
}},
{"level0_slowdown_writes_trigger",
{
ToString(FLAGS_level0_slowdown_writes_trigger),
ToString(FLAGS_level0_slowdown_writes_trigger + 2),
ToString(FLAGS_level0_slowdown_writes_trigger + 4),
}},
{"level0_stop_writes_trigger",
{
ToString(FLAGS_level0_stop_writes_trigger),
ToString(FLAGS_level0_stop_writes_trigger + 2),
ToString(FLAGS_level0_stop_writes_trigger + 4),
}},
{"max_compaction_bytes",
{
ToString(FLAGS_target_file_size_base * 5),
ToString(FLAGS_target_file_size_base * 15),
ToString(FLAGS_target_file_size_base * 100),
}},
{"target_file_size_base",
{
ToString(FLAGS_target_file_size_base),
ToString(FLAGS_target_file_size_base * 2),
ToString(FLAGS_target_file_size_base * 4),
}},
{"target_file_size_multiplier",
{
ToString(FLAGS_target_file_size_multiplier), "1", "2",
}},
{"max_bytes_for_level_base",
{
ToString(FLAGS_max_bytes_for_level_base / 2),
ToString(FLAGS_max_bytes_for_level_base),
ToString(FLAGS_max_bytes_for_level_base * 2),
}},
{"max_bytes_for_level_multiplier",
{
ToString(FLAGS_max_bytes_for_level_multiplier), "1", "2",
}},
{"max_sequential_skip_in_iterations", {"4", "8", "12"}},
{"use_direct_reads", {"false", "true"}},
{"use_direct_io_for_flush_and_compaction", {"false", "true"}},
};
options_table_ = std::move(options_tbl);
for (const auto& iter : options_table_) {
options_index_.push_back(iter.first);
}
return true;
}
bool Run() {
PrintEnv();
BuildOptionsTable();
Open();
SharedState shared(this);
uint32_t n = shared.GetNumThreads();
std::vector<ThreadState*> threads(n);
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < n; i++) {
threads[i] = new ThreadState(i, &shared);
FLAGS_env->StartThread(ThreadBody, threads[i]);
}
ThreadState bg_thread(0, &shared);
if (FLAGS_compaction_thread_pool_adjust_interval > 0) {
FLAGS_env->StartThread(PoolSizeChangeThread, &bg_thread);
}
// Each thread goes through the following states:
// initializing -> wait for others to init -> read/populate/depopulate
// wait for others to operate -> verify -> done
{
MutexLock l(shared.GetMutex());
while (!shared.AllInitialized()) {
shared.GetCondVar()->Wait();
}
auto now = FLAGS_env->NowMicros();
fprintf(stdout, "%s Starting database operations\n",
FLAGS_env->TimeToString(now/1000000).c_str());
shared.SetStart();
shared.GetCondVar()->SignalAll();
while (!shared.AllOperated()) {
shared.GetCondVar()->Wait();
}
now = FLAGS_env->NowMicros();
if (FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots) {
fprintf(stdout, "%s Limited verification already done during gets\n",
FLAGS_env->TimeToString((uint64_t) now/1000000).c_str());
} else {
fprintf(stdout, "%s Starting verification\n",
FLAGS_env->TimeToString((uint64_t) now/1000000).c_str());
}
shared.SetStartVerify();
shared.GetCondVar()->SignalAll();
while (!shared.AllDone()) {
shared.GetCondVar()->Wait();
}
}
for (unsigned int i = 1; i < n; i++) {
threads[0]->stats.Merge(threads[i]->stats);
}
threads[0]->stats.Report("Stress Test");
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
delete threads[i];
threads[i] = nullptr;
}
auto now = FLAGS_env->NowMicros();
if (!FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots && !shared.HasVerificationFailedYet()) {
fprintf(stdout, "%s Verification successful\n",
FLAGS_env->TimeToString(now/1000000).c_str());
}
PrintStatistics();
if (FLAGS_compaction_thread_pool_adjust_interval > 0) {
MutexLock l(shared.GetMutex());
shared.SetShouldStopBgThread();
while (!shared.BgThreadFinished()) {
shared.GetCondVar()->Wait();
}
}
if (shared.HasVerificationFailedYet()) {
printf("Verification failed :(\n");
return false;
}
return true;
}
private:
static void ThreadBody(void* v) {
ThreadState* thread = reinterpret_cast<ThreadState*>(v);
SharedState* shared = thread->shared;
{
MutexLock l(shared->GetMutex());
shared->IncInitialized();
if (shared->AllInitialized()) {
shared->GetCondVar()->SignalAll();
}
while (!shared->Started()) {
shared->GetCondVar()->Wait();
}
}
thread->shared->GetStressTest()->OperateDb(thread);
{
MutexLock l(shared->GetMutex());
shared->IncOperated();
if (shared->AllOperated()) {
shared->GetCondVar()->SignalAll();
}
while (!shared->VerifyStarted()) {
shared->GetCondVar()->Wait();
}
}
if (!FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots) {
thread->shared->GetStressTest()->VerifyDb(thread);
}
{
MutexLock l(shared->GetMutex());
shared->IncDone();
if (shared->AllDone()) {
shared->GetCondVar()->SignalAll();
}
}
}
static void PoolSizeChangeThread(void* v) {
assert(FLAGS_compaction_thread_pool_adjust_interval > 0);
ThreadState* thread = reinterpret_cast<ThreadState*>(v);
SharedState* shared = thread->shared;
while (true) {
{
MutexLock l(shared->GetMutex());
if (shared->ShoudStopBgThread()) {
shared->SetBgThreadFinish();
shared->GetCondVar()->SignalAll();
return;
}
}
auto thread_pool_size_base = FLAGS_max_background_compactions;
auto thread_pool_size_var = FLAGS_compaction_thread_pool_variations;
int new_thread_pool_size =
thread_pool_size_base - thread_pool_size_var +
thread->rand.Next() % (thread_pool_size_var * 2 + 1);
if (new_thread_pool_size < 1) {
new_thread_pool_size = 1;
}
FLAGS_env->SetBackgroundThreads(new_thread_pool_size);
// Sleep up to 3 seconds
FLAGS_env->SleepForMicroseconds(
thread->rand.Next() % FLAGS_compaction_thread_pool_adjust_interval *
1000 +
1);
}
}
// Given a key K and value V, this puts ("0"+K, "0"+V), ("1"+K, "1"+V), ...
// ("9"+K, "9"+V) in DB atomically i.e in a single batch.
// Also refer MultiGet.
Status MultiPut(ThreadState* thread, const WriteOptions& writeoptions,
ColumnFamilyHandle* column_family, const Slice& key,
const Slice& value, size_t sz) {
std::string keys[10] = {"9", "8", "7", "6", "5",
"4", "3", "2", "1", "0"};
std::string values[10] = {"9", "8", "7", "6", "5",
"4", "3", "2", "1", "0"};
Slice value_slices[10];
WriteBatch batch;
Status s;
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
keys[i] += key.ToString();
values[i] += value.ToString();
value_slices[i] = values[i];
if (FLAGS_use_merge) {
batch.Merge(column_family, keys[i], value_slices[i]);
} else {
batch.Put(column_family, keys[i], value_slices[i]);
}
}
s = db_->Write(writeoptions, &batch);
if (!s.ok()) {
fprintf(stderr, "multiput error: %s\n", s.ToString().c_str());
thread->stats.AddErrors(1);
} else {
// we did 10 writes each of size sz + 1
thread->stats.AddBytesForWrites(10, (sz + 1) * 10);
}
return s;
}
// Given a key K, this deletes ("0"+K), ("1"+K),... ("9"+K)
// in DB atomically i.e in a single batch. Also refer MultiGet.
Status MultiDelete(ThreadState* thread, const WriteOptions& writeoptions,
ColumnFamilyHandle* column_family, const Slice& key) {
std::string keys[10] = {"9", "7", "5", "3", "1",
"8", "6", "4", "2", "0"};
WriteBatch batch;
Status s;
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
keys[i] += key.ToString();
batch.Delete(column_family, keys[i]);
}
s = db_->Write(writeoptions, &batch);
if (!s.ok()) {
fprintf(stderr, "multidelete error: %s\n", s.ToString().c_str());
thread->stats.AddErrors(1);
} else {
thread->stats.AddDeletes(10);
}
return s;
}
// Given a key K, this gets values for "0"+K, "1"+K,..."9"+K
// in the same snapshot, and verifies that all the values are of the form
// "0"+V, "1"+V,..."9"+V.
// ASSUMES that MultiPut was used to put (K, V) into the DB.
Status MultiGet(ThreadState* thread, const ReadOptions& readoptions,
ColumnFamilyHandle* column_family, const Slice& key,
std::string* value) {
std::string keys[10] = {"0", "1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6", "7", "8", "9"};
Slice key_slices[10];
std::string values[10];
ReadOptions readoptionscopy = readoptions;
readoptionscopy.snapshot = db_->GetSnapshot();
Status s;
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
keys[i] += key.ToString();
key_slices[i] = keys[i];
s = db_->Get(readoptionscopy, column_family, key_slices[i], value);
if (!s.ok() && !s.IsNotFound()) {
fprintf(stderr, "get error: %s\n", s.ToString().c_str());
values[i] = "";
thread->stats.AddErrors(1);
// we continue after error rather than exiting so that we can
// find more errors if any
} else if (s.IsNotFound()) {
values[i] = "";
thread->stats.AddGets(1, 0);
} else {
values[i] = *value;
char expected_prefix = (keys[i])[0];
char actual_prefix = (values[i])[0];
if (actual_prefix != expected_prefix) {
fprintf(stderr, "error expected prefix = %c actual = %c\n",
expected_prefix, actual_prefix);
}
(values[i])[0] = ' '; // blank out the differing character
thread->stats.AddGets(1, 1);
}
}
db_->ReleaseSnapshot(readoptionscopy.snapshot);
// Now that we retrieved all values, check that they all match
for (int i = 1; i < 10; i++) {
if (values[i] != values[0]) {
fprintf(stderr, "error : inconsistent values for key %s: %s, %s\n",
key.ToString(true).c_str(), StringToHex(values[0]).c_str(),
StringToHex(values[i]).c_str());
// we continue after error rather than exiting so that we can
// find more errors if any
}
}
return s;
}
// Given a key, this does prefix scans for "0"+P, "1"+P,..."9"+P
// in the same snapshot where P is the first FLAGS_prefix_size - 1 bytes
// of the key. Each of these 10 scans returns a series of values;
// each series should be the same length, and it is verified for each
// index i that all the i'th values are of the form "0"+V, "1"+V,..."9"+V.
// ASSUMES that MultiPut was used to put (K, V)
Status MultiPrefixScan(ThreadState* thread, const ReadOptions& readoptions,
ColumnFamilyHandle* column_family,
const Slice& key) {
std::string prefixes[10] = {"0", "1", "2", "3", "4",
"5", "6", "7", "8", "9"};
Slice prefix_slices[10];
ReadOptions readoptionscopy[10];
const Snapshot* snapshot = db_->GetSnapshot();
Iterator* iters[10];
Status s = Status::OK();
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
prefixes[i] += key.ToString();
prefixes[i].resize(FLAGS_prefix_size);
prefix_slices[i] = Slice(prefixes[i]);
readoptionscopy[i] = readoptions;
readoptionscopy[i].snapshot = snapshot;
iters[i] = db_->NewIterator(readoptionscopy[i], column_family);
iters[i]->Seek(prefix_slices[i]);
}
int count = 0;
while (iters[0]->Valid() && iters[0]->key().starts_with(prefix_slices[0])) {
count++;
std::string values[10];
// get list of all values for this iteration
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
// no iterator should finish before the first one
assert(iters[i]->Valid() &&
iters[i]->key().starts_with(prefix_slices[i]));
values[i] = iters[i]->value().ToString();
char expected_first = (prefixes[i])[0];
char actual_first = (values[i])[0];
if (actual_first != expected_first) {
fprintf(stderr, "error expected first = %c actual = %c\n",
expected_first, actual_first);
}
(values[i])[0] = ' '; // blank out the differing character
}
// make sure all values are equivalent
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
if (values[i] != values[0]) {
fprintf(stderr, "error : %d, inconsistent values for prefix %s: %s, %s\n",
i, prefixes[i].c_str(), StringToHex(values[0]).c_str(),
StringToHex(values[i]).c_str());
// we continue after error rather than exiting so that we can
// find more errors if any
}
iters[i]->Next();
}
}
// cleanup iterators and snapshot
for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
// if the first iterator finished, they should have all finished
assert(!iters[i]->Valid() ||
!iters[i]->key().starts_with(prefix_slices[i]));
assert(iters[i]->status().ok());
delete iters[i];
}
db_->ReleaseSnapshot(snapshot);
if (s.ok()) {
thread->stats.AddPrefixes(1, count);
} else {
thread->stats.AddErrors(1);
}
return s;
}
// Given a key K, this creates an iterator which scans to K and then
// does a random sequence of Next/Prev operations.
Status MultiIterate(ThreadState* thread, const ReadOptions& readoptions,
ColumnFamilyHandle* column_family, const Slice& key) {
Status s;
const Snapshot* snapshot = db_->GetSnapshot();
ReadOptions readoptionscopy = readoptions;
readoptionscopy.snapshot = snapshot;
unique_ptr<Iterator> iter(db_->NewIterator(readoptionscopy, column_family));
iter->Seek(key);
for (uint64_t i = 0; i < FLAGS_num_iterations && iter->Valid(); i++) {
if (thread->rand.OneIn(2)) {
iter->Next();
} else {
iter->Prev();
}
}
if (s.ok()) {
thread->stats.AddIterations(1);
} else {
thread->stats.AddErrors(1);
}
db_->ReleaseSnapshot(snapshot);
return s;
}
Status SetOptions(ThreadState* thread) {
assert(FLAGS_set_options_one_in > 0);
std::unordered_map<std::string, std::string> opts;
std::string name = options_index_[
thread->rand.Next() % options_index_.size()];
int value_idx = thread->rand.Next() % options_table_[name].size();
if (name == "soft_rate_limit" || name == "hard_rate_limit") {
opts["soft_rate_limit"] = options_table_["soft_rate_limit"][value_idx];
opts["hard_rate_limit"] = options_table_["hard_rate_limit"][value_idx];
} else if (name == "level0_file_num_compaction_trigger" ||
name == "level0_slowdown_writes_trigger" ||
name == "level0_stop_writes_trigger") {
opts["level0_file_num_compaction_trigger"] =
options_table_["level0_file_num_compaction_trigger"][value_idx];
opts["level0_slowdown_writes_trigger"] =
options_table_["level0_slowdown_writes_trigger"][value_idx];
opts["level0_stop_writes_trigger"] =
options_table_["level0_stop_writes_trigger"][value_idx];
} else {
opts[name] = options_table_[name][value_idx];
}
int rand_cf_idx = thread->rand.Next() % FLAGS_column_families;
auto cfh = column_families_[rand_cf_idx];
return db_->SetOptions(cfh, opts);
}
void OperateDb(ThreadState* thread) {
ReadOptions read_opts(FLAGS_verify_checksum, true);
WriteOptions write_opts;
auto shared = thread->shared;
char value[100];
auto max_key = thread->shared->GetMaxKey();
std::string from_db;
if (FLAGS_sync) {
write_opts.sync = true;
}
write_opts.disableWAL = FLAGS_disable_wal;
const int prefixBound = (int)FLAGS_readpercent + (int)FLAGS_prefixpercent;
const int writeBound = prefixBound + (int)FLAGS_writepercent;
const int delBound = writeBound + (int)FLAGS_delpercent;
const int delRangeBound = delBound + (int)FLAGS_delrangepercent;
thread->stats.Start();
for (uint64_t i = 0; i < FLAGS_ops_per_thread; i++) {
if (thread->shared->HasVerificationFailedYet()) {
break;
}
if (i != 0 && (i % (FLAGS_ops_per_thread / (FLAGS_reopen + 1))) == 0) {
{
thread->stats.FinishedSingleOp();
MutexLock l(thread->shared->GetMutex());
thread->shared->IncVotedReopen();
if (thread->shared->AllVotedReopen()) {
thread->shared->GetStressTest()->Reopen();
thread->shared->GetCondVar()->SignalAll();
}
else {
thread->shared->GetCondVar()->Wait();
}
// Commenting this out as we don't want to reset stats on each open.
// thread->stats.Start();
}
}
// Change Options
if (FLAGS_set_options_one_in > 0 &&
thread->rand.OneIn(FLAGS_set_options_one_in)) {
SetOptions(thread);
}
if (FLAGS_set_in_place_one_in > 0 &&
thread->rand.OneIn(FLAGS_set_in_place_one_in)) {
options_.inplace_update_support ^= options_.inplace_update_support;
}
if (!FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots &&
FLAGS_clear_column_family_one_in != 0 && FLAGS_column_families > 1) {
if (thread->rand.OneIn(FLAGS_clear_column_family_one_in)) {
// drop column family and then create it again (can't drop default)
int cf = thread->rand.Next() % (FLAGS_column_families - 1) + 1;
std::string new_name =
ToString(new_column_family_name_.fetch_add(1));
{
MutexLock l(thread->shared->GetMutex());
fprintf(
stdout,
"[CF %d] Dropping and recreating column family. new name: %s\n",
cf, new_name.c_str());
}
thread->shared->LockColumnFamily(cf);
Status s __attribute__((unused));
s = db_->DropColumnFamily(column_families_[cf]);
delete column_families_[cf];
if (!s.ok()) {
fprintf(stderr, "dropping column family error: %s\n",
s.ToString().c_str());
std::terminate();
}
s = db_->CreateColumnFamily(ColumnFamilyOptions(options_), new_name,
&column_families_[cf]);
column_family_names_[cf] = new_name;
thread->shared->ClearColumnFamily(cf);
if (!s.ok()) {
fprintf(stderr, "creating column family error: %s\n",
s.ToString().c_str());
std::terminate();
}
thread->shared->UnlockColumnFamily(cf);
}
}
#ifndef ROCKSDB_LITE // Lite does not support GetColumnFamilyMetaData
if (FLAGS_compact_files_one_in > 0 &&
thread->rand.Uniform(FLAGS_compact_files_one_in) == 0) {
auto* random_cf =
column_families_[thread->rand.Next() % FLAGS_column_families];
rocksdb::ColumnFamilyMetaData cf_meta_data;
db_->GetColumnFamilyMetaData(random_cf, &cf_meta_data);
// Randomly compact up to three consecutive files from a level
const int kMaxRetry = 3;
for (int attempt = 0; attempt < kMaxRetry; ++attempt) {
size_t random_level = thread->rand.Uniform(
static_cast<int>(cf_meta_data.levels.size()));
const auto& files = cf_meta_data.levels[random_level].files;
if (files.size() > 0) {
size_t random_file_index =
thread->rand.Uniform(static_cast<int>(files.size()));
if (files[random_file_index].being_compacted) {
// Retry as the selected file is currently being compacted
continue;
}
std::vector<std::string> input_files;
input_files.push_back(files[random_file_index].name);
if (random_file_index > 0 &&
!files[random_file_index - 1].being_compacted) {
input_files.push_back(files[random_file_index - 1].name);
}
if (random_file_index + 1 < files.size() &&
!files[random_file_index + 1].being_compacted) {
input_files.push_back(files[random_file_index + 1].name);
}
size_t output_level =
std::min(random_level + 1, cf_meta_data.levels.size() - 1);
auto s =
db_->CompactFiles(CompactionOptions(), random_cf, input_files,
static_cast<int>(output_level));
if (!s.ok()) {
printf("Unable to perform CompactFiles(): %s\n",
s.ToString().c_str());
thread->stats.AddNumCompactFilesFailed(1);
} else {
thread->stats.AddNumCompactFilesSucceed(1);
}
break;
}
}
}
#endif // !ROCKSDB_LITE
const double completed_ratio =
static_cast<double>(i) / FLAGS_ops_per_thread;
const int64_t base_key = static_cast<int64_t>(
completed_ratio * (FLAGS_max_key - FLAGS_active_width));
long rand_key = base_key + thread->rand.Next() % FLAGS_active_width;
int rand_column_family = thread->rand.Next() % FLAGS_column_families;
std::string keystr = Key(rand_key);
Slice key = keystr;
std::unique_ptr<MutexLock> l;
if (!FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots) {
l.reset(new MutexLock(
shared->GetMutexForKey(rand_column_family, rand_key)));
}
auto column_family = column_families_[rand_column_family];
int prob_op = thread->rand.Uniform(100);
if (prob_op >= 0 && prob_op < (int)FLAGS_readpercent) {
// OPERATION read
if (!FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots) {
Status s = db_->Get(read_opts, column_family, key, &from_db);
if (s.ok()) {
// found case
thread->stats.AddGets(1, 1);
} else if (s.IsNotFound()) {
// not found case
thread->stats.AddGets(1, 0);
} else {
// errors case
thread->stats.AddErrors(1);
}
} else {
MultiGet(thread, read_opts, column_family, key, &from_db);
}
} else if ((int)FLAGS_readpercent <= prob_op && prob_op < prefixBound) {
// OPERATION prefix scan
// keys are 8 bytes long, prefix size is FLAGS_prefix_size. There are
// (8 - FLAGS_prefix_size) bytes besides the prefix. So there will
// be 2 ^ ((8 - FLAGS_prefix_size) * 8) possible keys with the same
// prefix
if (!FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots) {
Slice prefix = Slice(key.data(), FLAGS_prefix_size);
Iterator* iter = db_->NewIterator(read_opts, column_family);
int64_t count = 0;
for (iter->Seek(prefix);
iter->Valid() && iter->key().starts_with(prefix); iter->Next()) {
++count;
}
assert(count <=
(static_cast<int64_t>(1) << ((8 - FLAGS_prefix_size) * 8)));
if (iter->status().ok()) {
thread->stats.AddPrefixes(1, static_cast<int>(count));
} else {
thread->stats.AddErrors(1);
}
delete iter;
} else {
MultiPrefixScan(thread, read_opts, column_family, key);
}
} else if (prefixBound <= prob_op && prob_op < writeBound) {
// OPERATION write
uint32_t value_base = thread->rand.Next();
size_t sz = GenerateValue(value_base, value, sizeof(value));
Slice v(value, sz);
if (!FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots) {
// If the chosen key does not allow overwrite and it already
// exists, choose another key.
while (!shared->AllowsOverwrite(rand_column_family, rand_key) &&
shared->Exists(rand_column_family, rand_key)) {
l.reset();
rand_key = thread->rand.Next() % max_key;
rand_column_family = thread->rand.Next() % FLAGS_column_families;
l.reset(new MutexLock(
shared->GetMutexForKey(rand_column_family, rand_key)));
}
keystr = Key(rand_key);
key = keystr;
column_family = column_families_[rand_column_family];
if (FLAGS_verify_before_write) {
std::string keystr2 = Key(rand_key);
Slice k = keystr2;
Status s = db_->Get(read_opts, column_family, k, &from_db);
if (!VerifyValue(rand_column_family, rand_key, read_opts,
thread->shared, from_db, s, true)) {
break;
}
}
shared->Put(rand_column_family, rand_key, value_base);
Status s;
if (FLAGS_use_merge) {
s = db_->Merge(write_opts, column_family, key, v);
} else {
s = db_->Put(write_opts, column_family, key, v);
}
if (!s.ok()) {
fprintf(stderr, "put or merge error: %s\n", s.ToString().c_str());
std::terminate();
}
thread->stats.AddBytesForWrites(1, sz);
} else {
MultiPut(thread, write_opts, column_family, key, v, sz);
}
PrintKeyValue(rand_column_family, static_cast<uint32_t>(rand_key),
value, sz);
} else if (writeBound <= prob_op && prob_op < delBound) {
// OPERATION delete
if (!FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots) {
// If the chosen key does not allow overwrite and it does not exist,
// choose another key.
while (!shared->AllowsOverwrite(rand_column_family, rand_key) &&
!shared->Exists(rand_column_family, rand_key)) {
l.reset();
rand_key = thread->rand.Next() % max_key;
rand_column_family = thread->rand.Next() % FLAGS_column_families;
l.reset(new MutexLock(
shared->GetMutexForKey(rand_column_family, rand_key)));
}
keystr = Key(rand_key);
key = keystr;
column_family = column_families_[rand_column_family];
// Use delete if the key may be overwritten and a single deletion
// otherwise.
if (shared->AllowsOverwrite(rand_column_family, rand_key)) {
shared->Delete(rand_column_family, rand_key);
Status s = db_->Delete(write_opts, column_family, key);
thread->stats.AddDeletes(1);
if (!s.ok()) {
fprintf(stderr, "delete error: %s\n", s.ToString().c_str());
std::terminate();
}
} else {
shared->SingleDelete(rand_column_family, rand_key);
Status s = db_->SingleDelete(write_opts, column_family, key);
thread->stats.AddSingleDeletes(1);
if (!s.ok()) {
fprintf(stderr, "single delete error: %s\n",
s.ToString().c_str());
std::terminate();
}
}
} else {
MultiDelete(thread, write_opts, column_family, key);
}
} else if (delBound <= prob_op && prob_op < delRangeBound) {
// OPERATION delete range
if (!FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots) {
std::vector<std::unique_ptr<MutexLock>> range_locks;
// delete range does not respect disallowed overwrites. the keys for
// which overwrites are disallowed are randomly distributed so it
// could be expensive to find a range where each key allows
// overwrites.
if (rand_key > max_key - FLAGS_range_deletion_width) {
l.reset();
rand_key = thread->rand.Next() %
(max_key - FLAGS_range_deletion_width + 1);
range_locks.emplace_back(new MutexLock(
shared->GetMutexForKey(rand_column_family, rand_key)));
} else {
range_locks.emplace_back(std::move(l));
}
for (int j = 1; j < FLAGS_range_deletion_width; ++j) {
if (((rand_key + j) & ((1 << FLAGS_log2_keys_per_lock) - 1)) == 0) {
range_locks.emplace_back(new MutexLock(
shared->GetMutexForKey(rand_column_family, rand_key + j)));
}
}
keystr = Key(rand_key);
key = keystr;
column_family = column_families_[rand_column_family];
std::string end_keystr = Key(rand_key + FLAGS_range_deletion_width);
Slice end_key = end_keystr;
int covered = shared->DeleteRange(
rand_column_family, rand_key,
rand_key + FLAGS_range_deletion_width);
Status s = db_->DeleteRange(write_opts, column_family, key, end_key);
if (!s.ok()) {
fprintf(stderr, "delete range error: %s\n",
s.ToString().c_str());
std::terminate();
}
thread->stats.AddRangeDeletions(1);
thread->stats.AddCoveredByRangeDeletions(covered);
}
} else {
// OPERATION iterate
MultiIterate(thread, read_opts, column_family, key);
}
thread->stats.FinishedSingleOp();
}
thread->stats.Stop();
}
void VerifyDb(ThreadState* thread) const {
ReadOptions options(FLAGS_verify_checksum, true);
auto shared = thread->shared;
const int64_t max_key = shared->GetMaxKey();
const int64_t keys_per_thread = max_key / shared->GetNumThreads();
int64_t start = keys_per_thread * thread->tid;
int64_t end = start + keys_per_thread;
if (thread->tid == shared->GetNumThreads() - 1) {
end = max_key;
}
for (size_t cf = 0; cf < column_families_.size(); ++cf) {
if (thread->shared->HasVerificationFailedYet()) {
break;
}
if (!thread->rand.OneIn(2)) {
// Use iterator to verify this range
unique_ptr<Iterator> iter(
db_->NewIterator(options, column_families_[cf]));
iter->Seek(Key(start));
for (auto i = start; i < end; i++) {
if (thread->shared->HasVerificationFailedYet()) {
break;
}
// TODO(ljin): update "long" to uint64_t
// Reseek when the prefix changes
if (i % (static_cast<int64_t>(1) << 8 * (8 - FLAGS_prefix_size)) ==
0) {
iter->Seek(Key(i));
}
std::string from_db;
std::string keystr = Key(i);
Slice k = keystr;
Status s = iter->status();
if (iter->Valid()) {
if (iter->key().compare(k) > 0) {
s = Status::NotFound(Slice());
} else if (iter->key().compare(k) == 0) {
from_db = iter->value().ToString();
iter->Next();
} else if (iter->key().compare(k) < 0) {
VerificationAbort(shared, "An out of range key was found",
static_cast<int>(cf), i);
}
} else {
// The iterator found no value for the key in question, so do not
// move to the next item in the iterator
s = Status::NotFound(Slice());
}
VerifyValue(static_cast<int>(cf), i, options, shared, from_db, s,
true);
if (from_db.length()) {
PrintKeyValue(static_cast<int>(cf), static_cast<uint32_t>(i),
from_db.data(), from_db.length());
}
}
} else {
// Use Get to verify this range
for (auto i = start; i < end; i++) {
if (thread->shared->HasVerificationFailedYet()) {
break;
}
std::string from_db;
std::string keystr = Key(i);
Slice k = keystr;
Status s = db_->Get(options, column_families_[cf], k, &from_db);
VerifyValue(static_cast<int>(cf), i, options, shared, from_db, s,
true);
if (from_db.length()) {
PrintKeyValue(static_cast<int>(cf), static_cast<uint32_t>(i),
from_db.data(), from_db.length());
}
}
}
}
}
void VerificationAbort(SharedState* shared, std::string msg, int cf,
int64_t key) const {
printf("Verification failed for column family %d key %" PRIi64 ": %s\n", cf, key,
msg.c_str());
shared->SetVerificationFailure();
}
bool VerifyValue(int cf, int64_t key, const ReadOptions& opts,
SharedState* shared, const std::string& value_from_db,
Status s, bool strict = false) const {
if (shared->HasVerificationFailedYet()) {
return false;
}
// compare value_from_db with the value in the shared state
char value[kValueMaxLen];
uint32_t value_base = shared->Get(cf, key);
if (value_base == SharedState::SENTINEL && !strict) {
return true;
}
if (s.ok()) {
if (value_base == SharedState::SENTINEL) {
VerificationAbort(shared, "Unexpected value found", cf, key);
return false;
}
size_t sz = GenerateValue(value_base, value, sizeof(value));
if (value_from_db.length() != sz) {
VerificationAbort(shared, "Length of value read is not equal", cf, key);
return false;
}
if (memcmp(value_from_db.data(), value, sz) != 0) {
VerificationAbort(shared, "Contents of value read don't match", cf,
key);
return false;
}
} else {
if (value_base != SharedState::SENTINEL) {
VerificationAbort(shared, "Value not found: " + s.ToString(), cf, key);
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
static void PrintKeyValue(int cf, int64_t key, const char* value,
size_t sz) {
if (!FLAGS_verbose) {
return;
}
fprintf(stdout, "[CF %d] %" PRIi64 " == > (%" ROCKSDB_PRIszt ") ", cf, key, sz);
for (size_t i = 0; i < sz; i++) {
fprintf(stdout, "%X", value[i]);
}
fprintf(stdout, "\n");
}
static size_t GenerateValue(uint32_t rand, char *v, size_t max_sz) {
size_t value_sz =
((rand % kRandomValueMaxFactor) + 1) * FLAGS_value_size_mult;
assert(value_sz <= max_sz && value_sz >= sizeof(uint32_t));
*((uint32_t*)v) = rand;
for (size_t i=sizeof(uint32_t); i < value_sz; i++) {
v[i] = (char)(rand ^ i);
}
v[value_sz] = '\0';
return value_sz; // the size of the value set.
}
void PrintEnv() const {
fprintf(stdout, "RocksDB version : %d.%d\n", kMajorVersion,
kMinorVersion);
fprintf(stdout, "Column families : %d\n", FLAGS_column_families);
if (!FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots) {
fprintf(stdout, "Clear CFs one in : %d\n",
FLAGS_clear_column_family_one_in);
}
fprintf(stdout, "Number of threads : %d\n", FLAGS_threads);
fprintf(stdout, "Ops per thread : %lu\n",
(unsigned long)FLAGS_ops_per_thread);
std::string ttl_state("unused");
if (FLAGS_ttl > 0) {
ttl_state = NumberToString(FLAGS_ttl);
}
fprintf(stdout, "Time to live(sec) : %s\n", ttl_state.c_str());
fprintf(stdout, "Read percentage : %d%%\n", FLAGS_readpercent);
fprintf(stdout, "Prefix percentage : %d%%\n", FLAGS_prefixpercent);
fprintf(stdout, "Write percentage : %d%%\n", FLAGS_writepercent);
fprintf(stdout, "Delete percentage : %d%%\n", FLAGS_delpercent);
fprintf(stdout, "Delete range percentage : %d%%\n", FLAGS_delrangepercent);
fprintf(stdout, "No overwrite percentage : %d%%\n",
FLAGS_nooverwritepercent);
fprintf(stdout, "Iterate percentage : %d%%\n", FLAGS_iterpercent);
fprintf(stdout, "DB-write-buffer-size : %" PRIu64 "\n",
FLAGS_db_write_buffer_size);
fprintf(stdout, "Write-buffer-size : %d\n",
FLAGS_write_buffer_size);
fprintf(stdout, "Iterations : %lu\n",
(unsigned long)FLAGS_num_iterations);
fprintf(stdout, "Max key : %lu\n",
(unsigned long)FLAGS_max_key);
fprintf(stdout, "Ratio #ops/#keys : %f\n",
(1.0 * FLAGS_ops_per_thread * FLAGS_threads) / FLAGS_max_key);
fprintf(stdout, "Num times DB reopens : %d\n", FLAGS_reopen);
fprintf(stdout, "Batches/snapshots : %d\n",
FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots);
fprintf(stdout, "Do update in place : %d\n", FLAGS_in_place_update);
fprintf(stdout, "Num keys per lock : %d\n",
1 << FLAGS_log2_keys_per_lock);
std::string compression = CompressionTypeToString(FLAGS_compression_type_e);
fprintf(stdout, "Compression : %s\n", compression.c_str());
std::string checksum = ChecksumTypeToString(FLAGS_checksum_type_e);
fprintf(stdout, "Checksum type : %s\n", checksum.c_str());
fprintf(stdout, "Max subcompactions : %" PRIu64 "\n",
FLAGS_subcompactions);
const char* memtablerep = "";
switch (FLAGS_rep_factory) {
case kSkipList:
memtablerep = "skip_list";
break;
case kHashSkipList:
memtablerep = "prefix_hash";
break;
case kVectorRep:
memtablerep = "vector";
break;
}
fprintf(stdout, "Memtablerep : %s\n", memtablerep);
fprintf(stdout, "Test kill odd : %d\n", rocksdb_kill_odds);
if (!rocksdb_kill_prefix_blacklist.empty()) {
fprintf(stdout, "Skipping kill points prefixes:\n");
for (auto& p : rocksdb_kill_prefix_blacklist) {
fprintf(stdout, " %s\n", p.c_str());
}
}
fprintf(stdout, "------------------------------------------------\n");
}
void Open() {
assert(db_ == nullptr);
BlockBasedTableOptions block_based_options;
block_based_options.block_cache = cache_;
block_based_options.block_cache_compressed = compressed_cache_;
block_based_options.checksum = FLAGS_checksum_type_e;
block_based_options.block_size = FLAGS_block_size;
block_based_options.format_version = 2;
block_based_options.filter_policy = filter_policy_;
options_.table_factory.reset(
NewBlockBasedTableFactory(block_based_options));
options_.db_write_buffer_size = FLAGS_db_write_buffer_size;
options_.write_buffer_size = FLAGS_write_buffer_size;
options_.max_write_buffer_number = FLAGS_max_write_buffer_number;
options_.min_write_buffer_number_to_merge =
FLAGS_min_write_buffer_number_to_merge;
options_.max_write_buffer_number_to_maintain =
FLAGS_max_write_buffer_number_to_maintain;
options_.memtable_prefix_bloom_size_ratio =
FLAGS_memtable_prefix_bloom_size_ratio;
options_.max_background_compactions = FLAGS_max_background_compactions;
options_.max_background_flushes = FLAGS_max_background_flushes;
options_.compaction_style =
static_cast<rocksdb::CompactionStyle>(FLAGS_compaction_style);
options_.prefix_extractor.reset(NewFixedPrefixTransform(FLAGS_prefix_size));
options_.max_open_files = FLAGS_open_files;
options_.statistics = dbstats;
options_.env = FLAGS_env;
options_.use_fsync = FLAGS_use_fsync;
options_.compaction_readahead_size = FLAGS_compaction_readahead_size;
options_.allow_mmap_reads = FLAGS_mmap_read;
options_.allow_mmap_writes = FLAGS_mmap_write;
options_.use_direct_reads = FLAGS_use_direct_reads;
options_.use_direct_io_for_flush_and_compaction =
FLAGS_use_direct_io_for_flush_and_compaction;
options_.target_file_size_base = FLAGS_target_file_size_base;
options_.target_file_size_multiplier = FLAGS_target_file_size_multiplier;
options_.max_bytes_for_level_base = FLAGS_max_bytes_for_level_base;
options_.max_bytes_for_level_multiplier =
FLAGS_max_bytes_for_level_multiplier;
options_.level0_stop_writes_trigger = FLAGS_level0_stop_writes_trigger;
options_.level0_slowdown_writes_trigger =
FLAGS_level0_slowdown_writes_trigger;
options_.level0_file_num_compaction_trigger =
FLAGS_level0_file_num_compaction_trigger;
options_.compression = FLAGS_compression_type_e;
options_.create_if_missing = true;
options_.max_manifest_file_size = 10 * 1024;
options_.inplace_update_support = FLAGS_in_place_update;
options_.max_subcompactions = static_cast<uint32_t>(FLAGS_subcompactions);
options_.allow_concurrent_memtable_write =
FLAGS_allow_concurrent_memtable_write;
options_.enable_write_thread_adaptive_yield =
FLAGS_enable_write_thread_adaptive_yield;
if (FLAGS_rate_limiter_bytes_per_sec > 0) {
options_.rate_limiter.reset(NewGenericRateLimiter(
FLAGS_rate_limiter_bytes_per_sec, 1000 /* refill_period_us */,
10 /* fairness */,
FLAGS_rate_limit_bg_reads ? RateLimiter::Mode::kReadsOnly
: RateLimiter::Mode::kWritesOnly));
if (FLAGS_rate_limit_bg_reads) {
options_.new_table_reader_for_compaction_inputs = true;
}
}
if (FLAGS_prefix_size == 0 && FLAGS_rep_factory == kHashSkipList) {
fprintf(stderr,
"prefeix_size cannot be zero if memtablerep == prefix_hash\n");
exit(1);
}
if (FLAGS_prefix_size != 0 && FLAGS_rep_factory != kHashSkipList) {
fprintf(stderr,
"WARNING: prefix_size is non-zero but "
"memtablerep != prefix_hash\n");
}
switch (FLAGS_rep_factory) {
case kSkipList:
// no need to do anything
break;
#ifndef ROCKSDB_LITE
case kHashSkipList:
options_.memtable_factory.reset(NewHashSkipListRepFactory(10000));
break;
case kVectorRep:
options_.memtable_factory.reset(new VectorRepFactory());
break;
#else
default:
fprintf(stderr,
"RocksdbLite only supports skip list mem table. Skip "
"--rep_factory\n");
#endif // ROCKSDB_LITE
}
if (FLAGS_use_full_merge_v1) {
options_.merge_operator = MergeOperators::CreateDeprecatedPutOperator();
} else {
options_.merge_operator = MergeOperators::CreatePutOperator();
}
// set universal style compaction configurations, if applicable
if (FLAGS_universal_size_ratio != 0) {
options_.compaction_options_universal.size_ratio =
FLAGS_universal_size_ratio;
}
if (FLAGS_universal_min_merge_width != 0) {
options_.compaction_options_universal.min_merge_width =
FLAGS_universal_min_merge_width;
}
if (FLAGS_universal_max_merge_width != 0) {
options_.compaction_options_universal.max_merge_width =
FLAGS_universal_max_merge_width;
}
if (FLAGS_universal_max_size_amplification_percent != 0) {
options_.compaction_options_universal.max_size_amplification_percent =
FLAGS_universal_max_size_amplification_percent;
}
fprintf(stdout, "DB path: [%s]\n", FLAGS_db.c_str());
Status s;
if (FLAGS_ttl == -1) {
std::vector<std::string> existing_column_families;
s = DB::ListColumnFamilies(DBOptions(options_), FLAGS_db,
&existing_column_families); // ignore errors
if (!s.ok()) {
// DB doesn't exist
assert(existing_column_families.empty());
assert(column_family_names_.empty());
column_family_names_.push_back(kDefaultColumnFamilyName);
} else if (column_family_names_.empty()) {
// this is the first call to the function Open()
column_family_names_ = existing_column_families;
} else {
// this is a reopen. just assert that existing column_family_names are
// equivalent to what we remember
auto sorted_cfn = column_family_names_;
std::sort(sorted_cfn.begin(), sorted_cfn.end());
std::sort(existing_column_families.begin(),
existing_column_families.end());
if (sorted_cfn != existing_column_families) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Expected column families differ from the existing:\n");
printf("Expected: {");
for (auto cf : sorted_cfn) {
printf("%s ", cf.c_str());
}
printf("}\n");
printf("Existing: {");
for (auto cf : existing_column_families) {
printf("%s ", cf.c_str());
}
printf("}\n");
}
assert(sorted_cfn == existing_column_families);
}
std::vector<ColumnFamilyDescriptor> cf_descriptors;
for (auto name : column_family_names_) {
if (name != kDefaultColumnFamilyName) {
new_column_family_name_ =
std::max(new_column_family_name_.load(), std::stoi(name) + 1);
}
cf_descriptors.emplace_back(name, ColumnFamilyOptions(options_));
}
while (cf_descriptors.size() < (size_t)FLAGS_column_families) {
std::string name = ToString(new_column_family_name_.load());
new_column_family_name_++;
cf_descriptors.emplace_back(name, ColumnFamilyOptions(options_));
column_family_names_.push_back(name);
}
options_.listeners.clear();
options_.listeners.emplace_back(
new DbStressListener(FLAGS_db, options_.db_paths));
options_.create_missing_column_families = true;
s = DB::Open(DBOptions(options_), FLAGS_db, cf_descriptors,
&column_families_, &db_);
assert(!s.ok() || column_families_.size() ==
static_cast<size_t>(FLAGS_column_families));
} else {
#ifndef ROCKSDB_LITE
DBWithTTL* db_with_ttl;
s = DBWithTTL::Open(options_, FLAGS_db, &db_with_ttl, FLAGS_ttl);
db_ = db_with_ttl;
#else
fprintf(stderr, "TTL is not supported in RocksDBLite\n");
exit(1);
#endif
}
if (!s.ok()) {
fprintf(stderr, "open error: %s\n", s.ToString().c_str());
exit(1);
}
}
void Reopen() {
for (auto cf : column_families_) {
delete cf;
}
column_families_.clear();
delete db_;
db_ = nullptr;
num_times_reopened_++;
auto now = FLAGS_env->NowMicros();
fprintf(stdout, "%s Reopening database for the %dth time\n",
FLAGS_env->TimeToString(now/1000000).c_str(),
num_times_reopened_);
Open();
}
void PrintStatistics() {
if (dbstats) {
fprintf(stdout, "STATISTICS:\n%s\n", dbstats->ToString().c_str());
}
}
private:
std::shared_ptr<Cache> cache_;
std::shared_ptr<Cache> compressed_cache_;
std::shared_ptr<const FilterPolicy> filter_policy_;
DB* db_;
Options options_;
std::vector<ColumnFamilyHandle*> column_families_;
std::vector<std::string> column_family_names_;
std::atomic<int> new_column_family_name_;
int num_times_reopened_;
std::unordered_map<std::string, std::vector<std::string>> options_table_;
std::vector<std::string> options_index_;
};
} // namespace rocksdb
int main(int argc, char** argv) {
SetUsageMessage(std::string("\nUSAGE:\n") + std::string(argv[0]) +
" [OPTIONS]...");
ParseCommandLineFlags(&argc, &argv, true);
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(OS_MACOSX) && !defined(OS_WIN) && \
!defined(OS_SOLARIS) && !defined(OS_AIX)
rocksdb::SyncPoint::GetInstance()->SetCallBack(
"NewWritableFile:O_DIRECT", [&](void* arg) {
int* val = static_cast<int*>(arg);
*val &= ~O_DIRECT;
});
rocksdb::SyncPoint::GetInstance()->SetCallBack(
"NewRandomAccessFile:O_DIRECT", [&](void* arg) {
int* val = static_cast<int*>(arg);
*val &= ~O_DIRECT;
});
rocksdb::SyncPoint::GetInstance()->EnableProcessing();
#endif
if (FLAGS_statistics) {
dbstats = rocksdb::CreateDBStatistics();
}
FLAGS_compression_type_e =
StringToCompressionType(FLAGS_compression_type.c_str());
FLAGS_checksum_type_e = StringToChecksumType(FLAGS_checksum_type.c_str());
if (!FLAGS_hdfs.empty()) {
FLAGS_env = new rocksdb::HdfsEnv(FLAGS_hdfs);
}
FLAGS_rep_factory = StringToRepFactory(FLAGS_memtablerep.c_str());
// The number of background threads should be at least as much the
// max number of concurrent compactions.
FLAGS_env->SetBackgroundThreads(FLAGS_max_background_compactions);
FLAGS_env->SetBackgroundThreads(FLAGS_num_bottom_pri_threads,
rocksdb::Env::Priority::BOTTOM);
if (FLAGS_prefixpercent > 0 && FLAGS_prefix_size <= 0) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Error: prefixpercent is non-zero while prefix_size is "
"not positive!\n");
exit(1);
}
if (FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots && FLAGS_prefix_size <= 0) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Error: please specify prefix_size for "
"test_batches_snapshots test!\n");
exit(1);
}
if (FLAGS_memtable_prefix_bloom_size_ratio > 0.0 && FLAGS_prefix_size <= 0) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Error: please specify positive prefix_size in order to use "
"memtable_prefix_bloom_size_ratio\n");
exit(1);
}
if ((FLAGS_readpercent + FLAGS_prefixpercent +
FLAGS_writepercent + FLAGS_delpercent + FLAGS_delrangepercent +
FLAGS_iterpercent) != 100) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Error: Read+Prefix+Write+Delete+DeleteRange+Iterate percents != "
"100!\n");
exit(1);
}
if (FLAGS_disable_wal == 1 && FLAGS_reopen > 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: Db cannot reopen safely with disable_wal set!\n");
exit(1);
}
if ((unsigned)FLAGS_reopen >= FLAGS_ops_per_thread) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Error: #DB-reopens should be < ops_per_thread\n"
"Provided reopens = %d and ops_per_thread = %lu\n",
FLAGS_reopen,
(unsigned long)FLAGS_ops_per_thread);
exit(1);
}
if (FLAGS_test_batches_snapshots && FLAGS_delrangepercent > 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: nonzero delrangepercent unsupported in "
"test_batches_snapshots mode\n");
exit(1);
}
if (FLAGS_active_width > FLAGS_max_key) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: active_width can be at most max_key\n");
exit(1);
} else if (FLAGS_active_width == 0) {
FLAGS_active_width = FLAGS_max_key;
}
if (FLAGS_value_size_mult * kRandomValueMaxFactor > kValueMaxLen) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: value_size_mult can be at most %d\n",
kValueMaxLen / kRandomValueMaxFactor);
exit(1);
}
// Choose a location for the test database if none given with --db=<path>
if (FLAGS_db.empty()) {
std::string default_db_path;
rocksdb::Env::Default()->GetTestDirectory(&default_db_path);
default_db_path += "/dbstress";
FLAGS_db = default_db_path;