Apache NetBeans HTML4J

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  1. 30331ae Upgrading to latest Frgaal compiler by Jaroslav Tulach · 7 months ago master
  2. 45f8040 Upgrading to Frgaal 20.0.0 by Jaroslav Tulach · 1 year, 3 months ago
  3. 2b3148e Merge pull request #49 from apache/dependabot/maven/html4j-maven-plugin/org.codehaus.groovy-groovy-2.4.21 by Jaroslav Tulach · 1 year, 11 months ago
  4. f0d4774 Removing CallbackTest - tries to execute JavaScript from multiple threads by Jaroslav Tulach · 1 year, 11 months ago
  5. 082aef0 Bump groovy from 1.8.3 to 2.4.21 in /html4j-maven-plugin by dependabot[bot] · 1 year, 11 months ago


In need of cross platform, client side interaction between Java and JavaScript?

Linux Mac OS X Windows Javadoc Linux Windows

The HTML/Java library provides basic building blocks as well as advanced high level concepts to make communication between JavaScript and Java as smooth as possible.

Read more in the latest javadoc documentation.

Portable Applications

Every browser widget Java API offers ways for communication between Java and JavaScript running in such widget. However, each of them is unique - e.g. one writes different code when communicating with JavaFX WebView, different one when communicating with Android WebView, yet another one when talking to iOS WebView.

The goal of HTML/Java API is to unify this communication. By providing simple and highly portable building blocks one can create sophisticated APIs (like UI bindings, charts, maps, canvas, or SnapSVG) that can be embedded into Swing or JavaFX applications, executed headlessly on a server or executed anywhere HTML/Java API was ported.

Various ports of this rendering pipeline were built including support for pure webkit desktop rendring, Android WebView and iOS WebView developed by DukeScript project.

This technology has also been adopted by some Java bytecode to JavaScript transpilers - for example TeaVM or Bck2Brwsr VM - as such you can also run the same Java application in a pluginless browser.

Porting of HTML/Java rendering pipeline is as easy as implementing Fn.Presenter interface and successfully passing the test compatibility kit. Since version 1.7 the project provides pre-made protocol based ProtoPresenter skeleton to simplify integrations with new platforms.

Getting Started

The HTML/Java API is IDE and build tool neutral. It can be used with Ant, Maven or Gradle. It is easy to edit it with Eclipse, IntelliJ or NetBeans. Here is a short introductory video to get started with NetBeans 11.2 and its Gradle support:

OpenJFX Lite by Geertjan

The most comprehensive getting started guide is available from the DukeScript project website.


You can contribute to development of this library by forking its GitHub repository. Change, modify, test:

$ mvn clean install

and create a pull request, which may then be merged into the official Apache repository.

Full History

The origins of the code in this repository are older than its Apache existence. As such significant part of the history (before the code was donated to Apache) is kept in an independent repository. To fully understand the code you may want to merge the modern and ancient versions together:

$ git clone https://github.com/apache/netbeans-html4j.git html+java+both
$ cd html+java+both
$ git log boot/src/main/java/net/java/html/boot/BrowserBuilder.java

This gives you just few log entries including the initial checkin and change of the file headers to Apache. But then the magic comes:

$ git remote add emilian https://github.com/emilianbold/netbeans-html4j.git
$ git fetch emilian
$ git replace 408363d d029b8e

When you search the log, or use the blame tool, the full history is available:

$ git log boot/src/main/java/net/java/html/boot/BrowserBuilder.java
$ git blame boot/src/main/java/net/java/html/boot/BrowserBuilder.java

Many thanks to Emilian Bold who converted the ancient history to his Git repository and made the magic possible!