blob: 173b05335e102d8f796f4bea320a5bc43e65bb69 [file] [log] [blame]
---+ Search
Atlas exposes search over the metadata in two ways:
* Search using DSL
* Full-text search
---++ Search DSL Grammar
The DSL exposes an SQL like query language for searching the metadata based on the type system.
The grammar for the DSL is below.
queryWithPath: query ~ opt(WITHPATH)
query: querySrc ~ opt(loopExpression) ~ opt(groupByExpr) ~ opt(selectClause) ~ opt(orderby) ~ opt(limitOffset)
querySrc: rep1sep(singleQrySrc, opt(COMMA))
singleQrySrc = FROM ~ fromSrc ~ opt(WHERE) ~ opt(expr ^? notIdExpression) |
WHERE ~ (expr ^? notIdExpression) |
expr ^? notIdExpression |
fromSrc ~ opt(WHERE) ~ opt(expr ^? notIdExpression)
fromSrc: identifier ~ AS ~ alias | identifier
groupByExpr = GROUPBY ~ (LPAREN ~> rep1sep(selectExpression, COMMA) <~ RPAREN)
orderby: ORDERBY ~ expr ~ opt (sortOrder)
limitOffset: LIMIT ~ lmt ~ opt (offset)
offset: OFFSET ~ offsetValue
sortOrder = ASC | DESC
loopExpression: LOOP ~ (LPAREN ~> query <~ RPAREN) ~ opt(intConstant <~ TIMES) ~ opt(AS ~> alias)
selectClause: SELECT ~ rep1sep(selectExpression, COMMA)
countClause = COUNT ~ LPAREN ~ RPAREN
maxClause = MAX ~ (LPAREN ~> expr <~ RPAREN)
minClause = MIN ~ (LPAREN ~> expr <~ RPAREN)
sumClause = SUM ~ (LPAREN ~> expr <~ RPAREN)
selectExpression: expr ~ opt(AS ~> alias)
expr: compE ~ opt(rep(exprRight))
exprRight: (AND | OR) ~ compE
arithE ~ (LT | LTE | EQ | NEQ | GT | GTE) ~ arithE |
arithE ~ (ISA | IS) ~ ident |
arithE ~ HAS ~ ident |
arithE | countClause | maxClause | minClause | sumClause
arithE: multiE ~ opt(rep(arithERight))
arithERight: (PLUS | MINUS) ~ multiE
multiE: atomE ~ opt(rep(multiERight))
multiERight: (STAR | DIV) ~ atomE
atomE: literal | identifier | LPAREN ~> expr <~ RPAREN
identifier: rep1sep(ident, DOT)
alias: ident | stringLit
literal: booleanConstant |
intConstant |
longConstant |
floatConstant |
doubleConstant |
Grammar language:
opt(a) => a is optional
~ => a combinator. 'a ~ b' means a followed by b
rep => zero or more
rep1sep => one or more, separated by second arg.
Language Notes:
* A *!SingleQuery* expression can be used to search for entities of a _Trait_ or _Class_.
Entities can be filtered based on a 'Where Clause' and Entity Attributes can be retrieved based on a 'Select Clause'.
* An Entity Graph can be traversed/joined by combining one or more !SingleQueries.
* An attempt is made to make the expressions look SQL like by accepting keywords "SELECT",
"FROM", and "WHERE"; but these are optional and users can simply think in terms of Entity Graph Traversals.
* The transitive closure of an Entity relationship can be expressed via the _Loop_ expression. A
_Loop_ expression can be any traversal (recursively a query) that represents a _Path_ that ends in an Entity of the same _Type_ as the starting Entity.
* The _!WithPath_ clause can be used with transitive closure queries to retrieve the Path that
connects the two related Entities. (We also provide a higher level interface for Closure Queries
see scaladoc for 'org.apache.atlas.query.ClosureQuery')
* GROUPBY is optional. Group by can be specified with aggregate methods like max, min, sum and count. When group by is specified aggregated results are returned based on the method specified in select clause. Select expression is mandatory with group by expression.
* ORDERBY is optional. When order by clause is specified, case insensitive sorting is done based on the column specified.
For sorting in descending order specify 'DESC' after order by clause. If no order by is specified, then no default sorting is applied.
* LIMIT is optional. It limits the maximum number of objects to be fetched starting from specified optional offset. If no offset is specified count starts from beginning.
* There are couple of Predicate functions different from SQL:
* _is_ or _isa_can be used to filter Entities that have a particular Trait.
* _has_ can be used to filter Entities that have a value for a particular Attribute.
* Any identifiers or constants with special characters(space,$,",{,}) should be enclosed within backquote (`)
---+++ DSL Examples
For the model,
Asset - attributes name, owner, description
DB - supertype Asset - attributes clusterName, parameters, comment
Column - extends Asset - attributes type, comment
Table - supertype Asset - db, columns, parameters, comment
Traits - PII, Log Data
DSL queries:
* from DB
* DB where name="Reporting" select name, owner
* DB where name="Reporting" select name, owner orderby name
* DB where name="Reporting" select name limit 10
* DB where name="Reporting" select name, owner limit 10 offset 0
* DB where name="Reporting" select name, owner orderby name limit 10 offset 5
* DB where name="Reporting" select name, owner orderby name desc limit 10 offset 5
* DB has name
* DB is !JdbcAccess
* Column where Column isa PII
* Table where name="sales_fact", columns
* Table where name="sales_fact", columns as column select, column.dataType, column.comment
* DB groupby(owner) select owner, count()
* DB groupby(owner) select owner, max(name)
* DB groupby(owner) select owner, min(name)
* from Person select count() as 'count', max(Person.age) as 'max', min(Person.age)
* `Log Data`
---++ Full-text Search
Atlas also exposes a lucene style full-text search capability.