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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
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<!DOCTYPE concept PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DITA Concept//EN" "concept.dtd">
<concept rev="1.2.1" id="sync_ddl">
<title>SYNC_DDL Query Option</title>
<titlealts audience="PDF"><navtitle>SYNC_DDL</navtitle></titlealts>
<data name="Category" value="Impala"/>
<data name="Category" value="Impala Query Options"/>
<data name="Category" value="DDL"/>
<data name="Category" value="SQL"/>
<data name="Category" value="Developers"/>
<data name="Category" value="Data Analysts"/>
<indexterm audience="hidden">SYNC_DDL query option</indexterm>
When enabled, causes any DDL operation such as <codeph>CREATE TABLE</codeph> or <codeph>ALTER TABLE</codeph>
to return only when the changes have been propagated to all other Impala nodes in the cluster by the Impala
catalog service. That way, if you issue a subsequent <codeph>CONNECT</codeph> statement in
<cmdname>impala-shell</cmdname> to connect to a different node in the cluster, you can be sure that other
node will already recognize any added or changed tables. (The catalog service automatically broadcasts the
DDL changes to all nodes automatically, but without this option there could be a period of inconsistency if
you quickly switched to another node, such as by issuing a subsequent query through a load-balancing proxy.)
Although <codeph>INSERT</codeph> is classified as a DML statement, when the <codeph>SYNC_DDL</codeph> option
is enabled, <codeph>INSERT</codeph> statements also delay their completion until all the underlying data and
metadata changes are propagated to all Impala nodes. Internally, Impala inserts have similarities with DDL
statements in traditional database systems, because they create metadata needed to track HDFS block locations
for new files and they potentially add new partitions to partitioned tables.
Because this option can introduce a delay after each write operation, if you are running a sequence of
<codeph>CREATE DATABASE</codeph>, <codeph>CREATE TABLE</codeph>, <codeph>ALTER TABLE</codeph>,
<codeph>INSERT</codeph>, and similar statements within a setup script, to minimize the overall delay you can
enable the <codeph>SYNC_DDL</codeph> query option only near the end, before the final DDL statement.
<p conref="../shared/impala_common.xml#common/type_boolean"/>
<p conref="../shared/impala_common.xml#common/default_false_0"/>
<!-- To do:
Example could be useful here.
<p conref="../shared/impala_common.xml#common/related_info"/>
<xref href="impala_ddl.xml#ddl"/>