Geode security example - Client

This example demonstrates basic command security and user authentication in a client application backed by a secured Geode cluster. It also demonstrates use of secure sockets (SSL) between all members and between a client and a server. This example assumes that Java is installed.

Security Basics

Geode security is based on Apache Shiro. Permissions are defined by

  1. the resource accessed (DATA and CLUSTER)
  2. the operation performed (READ, WRITE, or MANAGE)
  3. the target for this resource operation (typically a region name)
  4. the key for the target (e.g., the key of the region's key-value pair)

A single permission is represented by a :-separated string, e.g., DATA:READ:region1:myKey.

Permissions need not be fully specified. Abridged permissions are hierarchical. A permission of CLUSTER implies CLUSTER:READ, CLUSTER:WRITE, and CLUSTER:MANAGE, for all target regions and all key values. Using wildcard annotation, a permission of CLUSTER is equivalent to CLUSTER:*:*:*.

In this example, four users with varying permissions attempt to read and write data in two regions.

  • The superUser user has full permissions and may read and write to all regions.
  • The dataReader user has DATA:READ permission, granting read access to all regions.
  • The dataWriter user has DATA:WRITE permission, granting write access to all regions.
  • The region1dataAdmin has permissions DATA:READ:region1 and DATA:WRITE:region1, granting read and write access only to /region1.

For more information on what permission is required for a given operation, refer to the documentation.

Required Implementations

Two interfaces must be implemented to secure a Geode cluster: AuthInitialize and SecurityManager.

Your implementation of should handle the interaction with any existing security infrastructure (e.g., ldap). In this example, we provide a trivial implementation in org.apache.geode_examples.clientSecurity.ExampleAuthInit.

These credentials are then given to your implementation of to authenticate the user (i.e., to log in). The security manager also handles authorization of the authenticated user for particular operations. How permissions are assigned to users is also determined by the security manager. In this example, we group permissions by role, and assign each user one or more roles in a JSON file. This file is located at src/main/resources/example_security.json.

Demonstration of Security

  1. Set directory geode-examples/clientSecurity to be the current working directory. Each step in this example specifies paths relative to that directory.

  2. Build the example

     $ ../gradlew build
  3. Start a secure cluster consisting of one locator with two servers with two regions. Refer to scripts/start.gfsh. When starting a secure cluster, you must specify a security manager that implements authorization. In this example, we use the security manager org.apache.geode.examples.clientSecurity.ExampleSecurityManager. This security manager reads a JSON file that defines which roles are granted which permissions, as well as each user's username, password, and roles. The JSON is present in src/main/resources/example_security.json. You can execute the scripts/start.gfsh script with the command:

     $ ../gradlew start
  4. Run the example. Each user will attempt to put data to /region1 and /region2, and then read data from /region1 and /region2. Unauthorized reads and writes throw exceptions caused by NotAuthorizedException, which we catch and print in this example.

     $ ../gradlew run
  5. Stop the cluster using the script scripts/stop.gfsh.
    You can run this script with the command:

     $ ../gradlew stop

Things to Get Right with Security

  • Implement to pass user credentials from any existing security infrastructure.

  • Implement to handle user authentication and operation authorization.

  • Specify the SecurityManager by the security-manager property of all locator and server property files. An unsecured member or a member secured by a different security manager will not be allowed to join the cluster.

  • If additional properties are required by your implementation of the security manager, these may be defined in your locator or server property files. For instance, our implementation also requires security-json to be defined.