Duo two-factor authentication for Unix systems.
Duo Unix includes a PAM module or alternatively a stand alone executable that can be used to protect programs such as SSH or Sudo.
This repository is meant to be used for development or cutting edge versions of Duo Unix. For production deployments Duo recommends using our stable release tarballs or packages. Instructions can be found on our documentation page Duo Unix Docs
These instructions are geared towards getting you up and running on your local machine for development and testing purposes. See the deployment section for notes on how to deploy Duo Unix in production.
You will likely want to have some kind of virtual machine when developing Duo Unix. If Duo Unix is configured incorrectly it has the potential to lock you out of a system. It's better to have that happen on a virtual machine instead of your computer.
We recommend something like Vagrant or Docker
Install the necessary third party libraries.
$ sudo apt-get install autoconf libtool libpam-dev libssl-dev make
$ sudo yum install autoconf libtool pam-devel openssl-devel
$ sudo yum install selinux-policy-devel bzip2
Clone the Duo Unix project down and enter the directory
$ git clone <paste the url here> $ cd duo_unix/
Run bootstrap to generate the configure script.
Run configure to generate your makefiles.
$ ./configure --with-pam --prefix=/usr
Build the project locally
Install the project. The install location will be the same as the prefix you specified in the configure step.
$ sudo make install
After installation add your integration keys to the config files
$ vim /etc/duo/login_duo.conf $ vim /etc/duo/pam_duo.conf
Finally, test an auth!
$ sudo login_duo -f myusername 'echo "Hello World"'
You should only see “Hello World” if the authentication succeeds.
The additional prereq for running the tests is python
# RHEL Based $ sudo yum install python # Debian Based $ sudo apt-get install python
To run all the automated tests simply run
$ sudo make check
To run an individual test file
$ cd tests/ $ python test_login_duo.py
To run an individual test suite
$ cd tests/ $ python test_login_duo.py TestLoginDuoConfig
To run an individual test case
$ cd tests/ $ python test_login_duo.py TestLoginDuoConfig.test_empty_args
For Duo Unix we use the python
unittest library to do our testing. Each suite typically starts by creating a mock duo service. After we create that service we perform a series of tests to verify that this software is working as expected. Although we use the
unittest library these are not truely “unit tests” as manage subprocesses and generally employ blackbox testing. The true “unit tests” for Duo Unix are the unity tests.
To generate coverate reports you‘ll need to compile Duo Unix with the
--with-coverage options. Please note that in order to view HTML version of the coverage reports you’ll also need to install the python package
To see the testing coverage of the Duo PAM for example you would run the following at the repository root.
$ ./configure --with-coverage --with-pam $ ./collect_coverage.sh $ $BROWSER coverage/pam_duo.html
Note that configuring Duo Unix --with-coverage disables any compiler optimizations to allow the profiler to better match executed instructions with lines of code.
Each test creates the mockduo server for you, but if you need to run it manually to test things you can. Below is an example of running a mockduo server in one session and authenticating against it in another.
$ cd tests/ $ python mockduo.py certs/mockduo.pem Now in a separate terminal window $ ../login_duo/login_duo -d -c confs/mockduo.conf -f my_username echo "Success"
This mock server can be a bit brittle so you may have to restart it if you start seeing very weird behavior.
$ cppcheck --quiet --force -i tests --suppressions-list=.false_positive.txt --error-exitcode=1 .
For production deployments Duo recommends using our stable release tarballs or packages. Instructions can be found on our documentation page Duo Unix Docs
Please read CODEOFCONDUCT.md and CONTRIBUTING.md for details on our code of conduct and the process for submitting pull requests to us.
We use SemVer for versioning.
This project is licensed under the GPLv2 License - see the LICENSE file for details
Report any bugs, feature requests, etc. to firstname.lastname@example.org