samples for Apache Dubbo

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Dubbo Samples

Samples for Apache Dubbo

Build Status license

This repository contains a number of projects to illustrate various usages of Dubbo from basic to advanced, pls. check README in each individual sub projects. It is also helpful to cross reference to Dubbo User Manual to understand the features demoed in this project.

What's more, dubbo-go samples are moved to dubbo-go-samples.

Build and Run Samples

To compile all samples, run the following command in the top directory of this project, or step into the sub directories to compile one single sample:

mvn clean package

You may need to read each individual README under the sub directories if you have to understand how to build and run.

Integration Test

This project is also used for integration tests for dubbo.

How to build and run a integration test

Most of the integration tests will rely on a home-brew maven plugin to perform correctly when dubbo service is deployed in docker environment. This maven plugin is provided in ‘dubbo-maven-address-plugin’ module and should be installed before running any integration test:

cd dubbo-maven-address-plugin
mvn clean install

It is as simple as stepping into a sub directory and then executing the following command, for example:

cd dubbo-samples-annotation
mvn -Pdubbo-integration-test clean verify

If docker container fails to startup successfully in any case, you can use -Ddocker.showLogs to check its logging output to understand what happens.

mvn -Ddocker.showLogs -Pdubbo-integration-test clean verify

Pls. note integration tests rely on a Docker environment, make sure the docker environment is available before running them.

The test may not stable enough at this moment, please enable failure skip to run the whole test suite

 mvn -Pdubbo-integration-test clean verify -fae

How to add more integration test

If you are interested in contributing more integration test for dubbo, pls. read further to understand how to enable integration test for one particular sample from the scratch.

  1. Related maven properties relevant to integration test:
<spring.version>4.3.16.RELEASE</spring.version>
<junit.version>4.12</junit.version>
<docker-maven-plugin.version>0.30.0</docker-maven-plugin.version>
<jib-maven-plugin.version>1.2.0</jib-maven-plugin.version>
<maven-failsafe-plugin.version>2.21.0</maven-failsafe-plugin.version>
<image.name>${project.artifactId}:${dubbo.version}</image.name>
<dubbo.port>20880</dubbo.port>
<main-class>org.apache.dubbo.samples.attachment.AttachmentProvider</main-class>

Integration test leverages docker to setup test environment, more accurately, to start dubbo provider instance, and any other supporting systems like registry center if necessary, in docker. Therefore, there are two maven plugins required for composing docker image and start-and-stop the docker instances before-and-after the integration test: 1. jib-maven-plugin from google 2. docker-maven-plugin from fabric8.

  1. Configure maven profile:

Since we use profile ‘dubbo-integration-test’ to enable integration test, make sure the following plugins are configured under the desire profile, which is ‘dubbo-integration-test’:

<profiles>
    <profile>
    <id>dubbo-integration-test</id>
    <build>
        <plugins><!-- declare maven plugins here --></plugins>
    </build>
    </profile>
</profiles>
  1. Configure dubbo-maven-address-plugin
<plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.dubbo</groupId>
    <artifactId>dubbo-maven-address-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <goals>
                <goal>local-address</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
                <localAddress>dubbo-local-address</localAddress>
            </configuration>
            <phase>initialize</phase>
        </execution>
    </executions>
</plugin>

‘dubbo-local-address’ is a maven property in which dubbo provider's IP address is stored.

  1. Configure jib-maven-plugin
<plugin>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud.tools</groupId>
    <artifactId>jib-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>${jib-maven-plugin.version}</version>
    <configuration>
        <from>
            <image>${java-image.name}</image>
        </from>
        <to>
            <image>${image.name}</image>
        </to>
        <container>
            <mainClass>${main-class}</mainClass>
            <ports>
                <port>${dubbo.port}</port> <!-- dubbo provider's port -->
                <port>2181</port> <!-- zookeeper's port -->
            </ports>
            <environment>
                <DUBBO_IP_TO_REGISTRY>${dubbo-local-address}</DUBBO_IP_TO_REGISTRY>
            </environment>
        </container>
   </configuration>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <phase>package</phase>
                <goals>
                    <goal>dockerBuild</goal>
                </goals>
        </execution>
    </executions>
</plugin>

‘<DUBBO_IP_TO_REGISTRY>’ is an environment variable to instruct dubbo provider the IP address used for registering to service registration center. Since the dubbo provider will run within a docker instance, a host's IP address (detected from dubbo-maven-address-plugin) must be used in order to allow it discovered by the dubbo client running outside docker instance.

  1. Configure docker-maven-plugin
<plugin>
    <groupId>io.fabric8</groupId>
    <artifactId>docker-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>${docker-maven-plugin.version}</version>
    <configuration>
        <images>
            <image>
                <name>${image.name}</name>
                <run>
                    <ports>
                        <port>${dubbo.port}:${dubbo.port}</port> <!-- expose dubbo port -->
                        <port>2181:2181</port> <!-- expose zookeeper port -->
                    </ports>
                    <wait>
                        <!-- wait until the message output in stdout, and it requires dubbo's provider
                        explicitly prints out this message at the very end of main() -->
                        <log>dubbo service started</log>
                    </wait>
                </run>
            </image>
        </images>
    </configuration>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <id>start</id>
            <phase>pre-integration-test</phase>
            <goals>
                <goal>start</goal>
            </goals>
        </execution>
        <execution>
            <id>stop</id>
            <phase>post-integration-test</phase>
            <goals>
                <goal>stop</goal>
            </goals>
        </execution>
    </executions>
</plugin>

‘docker-maven-plugin’ will start the specified docker image before integration test (phase ‘pre-integration-test’) and stop it after integration test (phase ‘post-integration-test’).

  1. Configure maven-failsafe-plugin
<plugin>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-failsafe-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>${maven-failsafe-plugin.version}</version>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <goals>
                <goal>integration-test</goal>
                <goal>verify</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
                <includes>
                    <include>**/*IT.java</include>
                </includes>
            </configuration>
        </execution>
    </executions>
</plugin>

A integration test is basically a JUnit based test class, but with its name suffixed by ‘IT’.

That's it, then feel free to add more integration test for the Dubbo project. You may need to refer to ‘dubbo-samples-annotation’ or ‘dubbo-samples-attachment’ for more details, have fun.