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Introduction
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1 入门
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1.1 背景
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1.2 需求
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1.3 架构
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1.4 用法
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2 快速启动
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2.1 依赖
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2.2 成熟度
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3 配置
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3.1 XML配置
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3.2 属性配置
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3.3 API配置
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3.4 注解配置
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4 示例
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4.1 启动时检查
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4.2 集群容错
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4.3 负载均衡
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4.4 线程模型
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4.5 直连提供者
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4.6 只订阅
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4.7 只注册
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4.8 静态服务
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4.9 多协议
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4.10 多注册中心
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.5.11" data-path="../demos/服务分组.html">
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4.11 服务分组
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4.13 多版本
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4.14 分组聚合
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4.15 参数验证
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4.16 结果缓存
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4.17 泛化引用
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4.18 泛化实现
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4.19 回声测试
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4.20 上下文信息
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4.21 隐式参数
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4.22 异步调用
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.5.22" data-path="../demos/本地调用.html">
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4.23 本地调用
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.5.23" data-path="../demos/参数回调.html">
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4.24 参数回调
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4.25 事件通知
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.5.25" data-path="../demos/本地存根.html">
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4.26 本地存根
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4.27 本地伪装
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4.28 延迟暴露
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4.29 并发控制
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4.30 连接控制
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.5.30" data-path="../demos/延迟连接.html">
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4.31 延迟连接
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4.32 粘滞连接
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.5.32" data-path="../demos/令牌验证.html">
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4.33 令牌验证
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.5.33" data-path="../demos/路由规则.html">
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4.34 路由规则
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.5.34" data-path="../demos/配置规则.html">
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4.35 配置规则
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.5.35" data-path="../demos/服务降级.html">
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4.36 服务降级
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4.37 优雅停机
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4.38 主机绑定
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4.39 日志适配
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.5.39" data-path="../demos/访问日志.html">
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4.40 访问日志
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.5.40" data-path="../demos/服务容器.html">
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4.41 服务容器
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4.42 Reference Config缓存
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4.43 分布式事务
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5 API参考手册
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6 schema配置参考手册
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.7.1" data-path="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-service.html">
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6.1 dubbo:service
</a>
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.7.2" data-path="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-reference.html">
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6.2 dubbo:reference
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.7.3" data-path="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-protocol.html">
<a href="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-protocol.html">
6.3 dubbo:protocol
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.7.4" data-path="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-registry.html">
<a href="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-registry.html">
6.4 dubbo:registry
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.7.5" data-path="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-monitor.html">
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6.5 dubbo:monitor
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.7.6" data-path="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-application.html">
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6.6 dubbo:application
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.7.7" data-path="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-module.html">
<a href="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-module.html">
6.7 dubbo:module
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.7.8" data-path="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-provider.html">
<a href="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-provider.html">
6.8 dubbo:provider
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.7.9" data-path="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-consumer.html">
<a href="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-consumer.html">
6.9 dubbo:consumer
</a>
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.7.10" data-path="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-method.html">
<a href="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-method.html">
6.10 dubbo:method
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.7.11" data-path="../reference-xmlconf/dubbo-argument.html">
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6.11 dubbo:argument
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6.12 dubbo:parameter
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7 协议参考手册
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<ul class="articles">
<li class="chapter " data-level="1.8.1" data-path="dubbo.html">
<a href="dubbo.html">
7.1 dubbo://
</a>
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<a href="rmi.html">
7.2 rmi//
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.8.3" data-path="hessian.html">
<a href="hessian.html">
7.3 hessian://
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.8.4" data-path="http.html">
<a href="http.html">
7.4 http://
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<li class="chapter active" data-level="1.8.5" data-path="webservice.html">
<a href="webservice.html">
7.5 webservice://
</a>
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.8.6" data-path="thrift.html">
<a href="thrift.html">
7.6 thrift://
</a>
</li>
<li class="chapter " data-level="1.8.7" data-path="memcached.html">
<a href="memcached.html">
7.7 memcached://
</a>
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<a href="redis.html">
7.8 redis://
</a>
</li>
</ul>
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.9" data-path="../reference-registry/introduction.html">
<a href="../reference-registry/introduction.html">
8 注册中心参考手册
</a>
<ul class="articles">
<li class="chapter " data-level="1.9.1" data-path="../reference-registry/multicast.html">
<a href="../reference-registry/multicast.html">
8.1 Multicast注册中心
</a>
</li>
<li class="chapter " data-level="1.9.2" data-path="../reference-registry/zookeeper.html">
<a href="../reference-registry/zookeeper.html">
8.2 Zookeeper注册中心
</a>
</li>
<li class="chapter " data-level="1.9.3" data-path="../reference-registry/redis.html">
<a href="../reference-registry/redis.html">
8.3 Redis注册中心
</a>
</li>
<li class="chapter " data-level="1.9.4" data-path="../reference-registry/simple.html">
<a href="../reference-registry/simple.html">
8.4 Simple注册中心
</a>
</li>
</ul>
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.10" data-path="../reference-telnet/telnet.html">
<a href="../reference-telnet/telnet.html">
9 telnet命令参考手册
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10 maven插件参考手册
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.12" data-path="../best-practice.html">
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11 服务化最佳实践
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.13" data-path="../recommend.html">
<a href="../recommend.html">
12 推荐用法
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13 容量规划
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14 基准测试工具包
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15 性能测试报告
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<li class="chapter " data-level="1.17" data-path="../coveragence.html">
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16 测试覆盖率报告
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<blockquote>
<p><img src="../sources/images/warning-3.gif" alt="warning"> 2.3.0&#x4EE5;&#x4E0A;&#x7248;&#x672C;&#x652F;&#x6301;&#x3002; </p>
<p><img src="../sources/images/check.gif" alt="check"> &#x57FA;&#x4E8E;CXF&#x7684;frontend-simple&#x548C;transports-http&#x5B9E;&#x73B0;&#x3002; </p>
<p><img src="../sources/images/check.gif" alt="check"> CXF&#x662F;Apache&#x5F00;&#x6E90;&#x7684;&#x4E00;&#x4E2A;RPC&#x6846;&#x67B6;&#xFF1A;<a href="http://cxf.apache.org&#xFF0C;&#x7531;Xfire&#x548C;Celtix&#x5408;&#x5E76;&#x800C;&#x6765;" target="_blank">http://cxf.apache.org&#xFF0C;&#x7531;Xfire&#x548C;Celtix&#x5408;&#x5E76;&#x800C;&#x6765;</a> &#x3002; </p>
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<p>&#x4F9D;&#x8D56;&#xFF1A;</p>
<pre><code class="lang-xml"><span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">dependency</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">groupId</span>&gt;</span>org.apache.cxf<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">groupId</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">artifactId</span>&gt;</span>cxf-rt-frontend-simple<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">artifactId</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">version</span>&gt;</span>2.6.1<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">version</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">dependency</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">dependency</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">groupId</span>&gt;</span>org.apache.cxf<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">groupId</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">artifactId</span>&gt;</span>cxf-rt-transports-http<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">artifactId</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">version</span>&gt;</span>2.6.1<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">version</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">dependency</span>&gt;</span>
</code></pre>
<p>&#x53EF;&#x4EE5;&#x548C;&#x539F;&#x751F;WebService&#x670D;&#x52A1;&#x4E92;&#x64CD;&#x4F5C;&#xFF0C;&#x5373;&#xFF1A; </p>
<ul>
<li>&#x63D0;&#x4F9B;&#x8005;&#x7528;Dubbo&#x7684;WebService&#x534F;&#x8BAE;&#x66B4;&#x9732;&#x670D;&#x52A1;&#xFF0C;&#x6D88;&#x8D39;&#x8005;&#x76F4;&#x63A5;&#x7528;&#x6807;&#x51C6;WebService&#x63A5;&#x53E3;&#x8C03;&#x7528;&#xFF0C;</li>
<li>&#x6216;&#x8005;&#x63D0;&#x4F9B;&#x65B9;&#x7528;&#x6807;&#x51C6;WebService&#x66B4;&#x9732;&#x670D;&#x52A1;&#xFF0C;&#x6D88;&#x8D39;&#x65B9;&#x7528;Dubbo&#x7684;WebService&#x534F;&#x8BAE;&#x8C03;&#x7528;&#x3002;</li>
</ul>
<p>&#x57FA;&#x4E8E;WebService&#x7684;&#x8FDC;&#x7A0B;&#x8C03;&#x7528;&#x534F;&#x8BAE;: </p>
<ul>
<li>&#x8FDE;&#x63A5;&#x4E2A;&#x6570;&#xFF1A;&#x591A;&#x8FDE;&#x63A5;</li>
<li>&#x8FDE;&#x63A5;&#x65B9;&#x5F0F;&#xFF1A;&#x77ED;&#x8FDE;&#x63A5;</li>
<li>&#x4F20;&#x8F93;&#x534F;&#x8BAE;&#xFF1A;HTTP</li>
<li>&#x4F20;&#x8F93;&#x65B9;&#x5F0F;&#xFF1A;&#x540C;&#x6B65;&#x4F20;&#x8F93;</li>
<li>&#x5E8F;&#x5217;&#x5316;&#xFF1A;SOAP&#x6587;&#x672C;&#x5E8F;&#x5217;&#x5316;</li>
<li>&#x9002;&#x7528;&#x573A;&#x666F;&#xFF1A;&#x7CFB;&#x7EDF;&#x96C6;&#x6210;&#xFF0C;&#x8DE8;&#x8BED;&#x8A00;&#x8C03;&#x7528;&#x3002;</li>
</ul>
<p>(1) &#x7EA6;&#x675F;&#xFF1A; </p>
<ul>
<li>&#x53C2;&#x6570;&#x53CA;&#x8FD4;&#x56DE;&#x503C;&#x9700;&#x5B9E;&#x73B0;Serializable&#x63A5;&#x53E3;</li>
<li>&#x53C2;&#x6570;&#x5C3D;&#x91CF;&#x4F7F;&#x7528;&#x57FA;&#x672C;&#x7C7B;&#x578B;&#x548C;POJO&#x3002;</li>
</ul>
<p>(2) &#x914D;&#x7F6E;&#xFF1A; </p>
<ul>
<li><p>Define hessian protocol:</p>
<dubbo:protocol name="webservice" port="8080" server="jetty">
</dubbo:protocol></li>
<li><p>Set default protocol:</p>
<pre><code class="lang-xml"><span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">dubbo:provider</span> <span class="hljs-attr">protocol</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;webservice&quot;</span> /&gt;</span>
</code></pre>
<p>Set service protocol:</p>
<pre><code class="lang-xml"><span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">dubbo:service</span> <span class="hljs-attr">protocol</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;webservice&quot;</span> /&gt;</span>
</code></pre>
</li>
<li>Multi port:<pre><code class="lang-xml"><span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">dubbo:protocol</span> <span class="hljs-attr">id</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;webservice1&quot;</span> <span class="hljs-attr">name</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;webservice&quot;</span> <span class="hljs-attr">port</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;8080&quot;</span> /&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">dubbo:protocol</span> <span class="hljs-attr">id</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;webservice2&quot;</span> <span class="hljs-attr">name</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;webservice&quot;</span> <span class="hljs-attr">port</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;8081&quot;</span> /&gt;</span>
</code></pre>
</li>
<li>Directly provider:<pre><code class="lang-xml"><span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">dubbo:reference</span> <span class="hljs-attr">id</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;helloService&quot;</span> <span class="hljs-attr">interface</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;HelloWorld&quot;</span> <span class="hljs-attr">url</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;webservice://10.20.153.10:8080/com.foo.HelloWorld&quot;</span> /&gt;</span>
</code></pre>
</li>
<li>WSDL:<pre><code class="lang-xml">http://10.20.153.10:8080/com.foo.HelloWorld?wsdl
</code></pre>
<strong>h4. Jetty Server: (default)</strong> <pre><code class="lang-xml"><span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">dubbo:protocol</span> <span class="hljs-attr">...</span> <span class="hljs-attr">server</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;jetty&quot;</span> /&gt;</span>
</code></pre>
</li>
</ul>
<p><strong>h4. Servlet Bridge Server: (recommend)</strong> </p>
<pre><code class="lang-xml"><span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">dubbo:protocol</span> <span class="hljs-attr">...</span> <span class="hljs-attr">server</span>=<span class="hljs-string">&quot;servlet&quot;</span> /&gt;</span>
</code></pre>
<p>web.xml&#xFF1A; </p>
<pre><code class="lang-xml"><span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">servlet</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">servlet-name</span>&gt;</span>dubbo<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">servlet-name</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">servlet-class</span>&gt;</span>com.alibaba.dubbo.remoting.http.servlet.DispatcherServlet<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">servlet-class</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">load-on-startup</span>&gt;</span>1<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">load-on-startup</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">servlet</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">servlet-mapping</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">servlet-name</span>&gt;</span>dubbo<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">servlet-name</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;<span class="hljs-name">url-pattern</span>&gt;</span>/*<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">url-pattern</span>&gt;</span>
<span class="hljs-tag">&lt;/<span class="hljs-name">servlet-mapping</span>&gt;</span>
</code></pre>
<p>&#x6CE8;&#x610F;&#xFF0C;&#x5982;&#x679C;&#x4F7F;&#x7528;servlet&#x6D3E;&#x53D1;&#x8BF7;&#x6C42;&#xFF1A; </p>
<ul>
<li>&#x534F;&#x8BAE;&#x7684;&#x7AEF;&#x53E3;<dubbo:protocol port="8080">&#x5FC5;&#x987B;&#x4E0E;servlet&#x5BB9;&#x5668;&#x7684;&#x7AEF;&#x53E3;&#x76F8;&#x540C;&#xFF0C;</dubbo:protocol></li>
<li>&#x534F;&#x8BAE;&#x7684;&#x4E0A;&#x4E0B;&#x6587;&#x8DEF;&#x5F84;<dubbo:protocol contextpath="foo">&#x5FC5;&#x987B;&#x4E0E;servlet&#x5E94;&#x7528;&#x7684;&#x4E0A;&#x4E0B;&#x6587;&#x8DEF;&#x5F84;&#x76F8;&#x540C;&#x3002;</dubbo:protocol></li>
</ul>
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