#Glazier - automating building CouchDB on Windows #############################

Glazier is a set of scripts designed to help automate as much as practicable the build of CouchDB on Windows, from XP/2003 to Windows 7 or Server 2008. It assumes you're starting from a vanilla state.

Using Glazier

Glazier requires 6 things to run successfully

  1. you are logged in as a local user with admin permissions
  2. Windows XP, 2003, Vista, Windows 7 or 2008, either 32 or 64-bit platforms
  3. internet connectivity
  4. approx 12GiB of disk space during fetch & build stages
  5. download and unzipped glazier latest zip
  6. an optional environment variable, %RELAX%, set to where you wish to have CouchDB and Erlang built within. If none is selected, c:\relax will be used.

Current State

  • The steps below, manually or automated, should produce a working CouchDB build & self-installing .exe from Erlang/OTP R14B01, and CouchDB 1.0.1 onwards.
  • The build environment should be fully functional on both 32,64, desktop and server versions of windows from XP/2003 onwards
  • Fetching dependent binaries is described and automated
  • Installation of compilers and development environment is described and automated
  • Downloads are not small - get_bits.cmd retrieves approx 7GiB of DVD ISOs for Microsoft's Visual Studio 2008 compiler, related SDKs, the smaller cygwin and mozilla build frameworks, source and misc tools
  • Glazier tries to be self-contained so that it is both repeatable and also easy to clean up.
  • Compilation stages are not fully automated but are all now command-line driven
  • Visual Studio 2010 is not supported yet by all source code so use Visual Studio Express 2008 instead

Running Automatically

  • run %GLAZIER%\bin\glaze.cmd to fetch & cache the bits, install compiilers

  • you will need to select the cygwin modules individually

  • close any open command prompts or shells

  • run %GLAZIER%\bin\relax.cmd to start a valid build environment

  • select the erlang version you wish to build from

  • the first time around you will need to unpack your erlang and couchdb tarballs

      cd /relax
      CYGWIN="nontsec nodosfilewarning"
      tar xzf /relax/bits/apache-couchdb-1.0.2.tar.gz &
      tar xzf /relax/bits/curl-7.21.3.tar.gz &
      tar xzf /relax/bits/otp_src_R14B02.tar.gz &
      cd /relax/otp_src_R14B02 && tar xzf /relax/bits/tcltk85_win32_bin.tar.gz &
  • then run the following 4 scripts in order

  • each of these scripts leaves logfiles in the root folder. If you have issues during compilation phase, load these onto http://friendpaste.com/ before emailing your issues to the mailing list

Installing the Build Environment

  • Building Erlang & CouchDB on Windows requires a custom build environment, which is very sensitive to path order amongst the three different compilers used to build wxWidgets, erlang, javascript, and couchdb
  • Each component is built via standard Makefiles in the Cygwin unix/posix emulation layer, and then handed over to the appropriate compiler.
  • This is further complicated by different install locations on 32 vs 64 bit windows versions, and which Microsoft C compiler and Windows SDKs installed.


The full Cygwin install comprises several GiB of data. Run [cygwin]'s setup.exe using defaults, optionally installing all components if you have the bandwidth, or alternatively with the following additional modules at a minimum:

  • devel: ALL
  • editors: vim
  • utils: file

After install, set up a link to where you plan to install related binaries, build erlang, and couchdb. I am using C:\relax so:

    setx RELAX c:\relax
    mkdir %RELAX%
    junction.exe c:\cygwin\relax %RELAX%

Mozilla Build

The mozilla build toolchain is needed solely for building a javascript engine.

  • Download it from [mozbuild] and install per defaults

Microsoft Visual C++

  • Erlang and CouchDB can be built using the free VS2008 Express C++ edition from MSDN
  • install Visual C++ 9 only, to the default locations, using the DVD ISO [msvc++] excluding optional MSSSQL & Silverlight, or alternatively the web installer [msvc++webstart]

Windows 7 SDK

  • The windows 7 SDK is required, as the free VS2008 install is missing the message compiler. Download one of the following version per your requirements & install
  • [win7sdk_32bit]
  • [win7sdk_64bit]

Supporting Tools

Both CouchDB and Erlang have dependencies on other opensource tools.


  • use the 32-bit version even if you are using a 64-bit OS
  • download [openssl_bits] and unzip to c:\openssl

Innosoft Installer

  • download the installer [inno_bits] and install to c:\relax\inno5

NSIS Installer

  • download the installer [nsis_bits] and install to c:\relax\nsis

Microsoft Visual C++ runtime

  • download the runtime installer [vcredist] and copy to c:\relax\ - note this is the same as the one provided with VS2008 SP1 - this is critical to ensure that your compiled erlang, spidermonkey, couchdb all require the same runtime that is bundled with your distribution. The MD5 should be 2c79302d42817d54bb621216a6d4dc7f.

set up hard links

  • to keep our paths clean later, and largely independent of compiler installations if you have pre-existing ones, start a new cmd.exe prompt with a fresh environment

  • this should have both VS90ComnTools and ProgramFiles environment vars defined from the previous install of Visual Studio

  • setup the following hard links (junction points), using either the included mklink tool (Windows 7 and later), or SysInternal's junction

      junction c:\relax\openssl c:\openssl
      junction c:\relax\vs90 "%VS90COMNTOOLS%\..\.."
      junction c:\relax\SDKs "%programfiles%\Microsoft SDKs\Windows"

or using mklink.exe

    mklink /j c:\relax\openssl c:\openssl

Building pre-requisites for Erlang


  • two components are used for building Erlang's graphical shell, werl.exe on windows

  • download [wxwidgets_bits] from WxWidgets website & unzip using cygwin into /relax/

  • the Erlang build expects to see wxWidgets in /opt/local/pgm/wxWidgets-2.8.11 by default

      mkdir c:\cygwin\opt\local\pgm
      junction c:\cygwin\opt\local\pgm\wxWidgets-2.8.11 c:\relax\wxMSW-2.8.11
  • A number of manual changes are required to get WxWidgets to build cleanly. These can be done manually or simply apply the overlay from [wxoverlay] & skip through to the build instructions lower down.

  • Using a suitable editor (vi in the cygwin suite, or install [notepadplus_bits] for windows users) and

  • Edit c:\relax\wxMSW-2.8.11\include\wx\msw\setup.h to enable wxUSE_GLCANVAS, wxUSE_POSTSCRIPT and wxUSE_GRAPHICS_CONTEXT


  • open VSC++ & the project %RELAX%\wxMSW-2.8.11\build\msw\wx.dsw, accepting the automatic conversion to the newer VC++ format and save as \relax\wxMSW-2.8.11\build\msw\wx.sln

  • right-click on the project, and set up the dependencies for wx.dsw to achieve the below build order: jpeg, png, tiff, zlib, regex, expat, base, net, odbc, core, gl, html, media, qa, adv, dbgrid, xrc, aui, richtext, xml

  • Launch a new prompt from somewhere like Start -> Programs -> Microsoft Visual C++ -> Visual Studio Tools -> VS2008 Cmd Prompt

  • Then build all unicode release (and unicode debug) packages:

      pushd %RELAX%\wxMSW*\build\msw
      vcbuild /useenv  /platform:Win32 /M4 wx.sln "Unicode Release|Win32"
      vcbuild /useenv  /platform:Win32 /M4 wx.sln "Unicode Debug|Win32"


  • open VSC++ & convert %RELAX%\wxMSW-2.8.11\contrib\build\stc\stc.dsw to %RELAX%\wxMSW-2.8.11\contrib\build\stc\stc.sln

      pushd %RELAX%\wxMSW*\contrib\build\stc
      vcbuild /useenv /platform:Win32 /M4 stc.sln "Unicode Release|Win32"
      vcbuild /useenv /platform:Win32 /M4 stc.sln "Unicode Debug|Win32"

Building Erlang

  • after installing VC++ 2008 Express, and most other Visual Studio solutions, call "%vs90comntools%\..\..\vc\vcvarsall.bat" x86 will automatically set up our 32-bit build environment correctly, independently if you have installed on 32 or 64bit windows, with the exception of the Windows v7.0 SDK.

  • in a cmd.exe shell

      junction.exe %RELAX%\bin %GLAZIER%\bin
      junction.exe %RELAX%\bits %GLAZIER%\bits
      mkdir %RELAX%\release
  • in a cygwin shell, using these new junction points:

      cd /relax && tar xzf /relax/bits/otp_src_R14B02.tar.gz &
  • then run from explorer, %GLAZIER%\bin\relax.cmd


  • optional components - used for debugger and java interfaces

      cd $ERL_TOP && tar xvzf /relax/bits/tcltk85_win32_bin.tar.gz
  • or skip the whole damn lot this way

      echo "skipping gs" > lib/gs/SKIP
      echo "skipping jinterface" > lib/jinterface/SKIP
  • check that which cl; which link; which mc return the MS ones, if not then sort them out manually. Refer to relax.cmd and relax.sh

Getting OTP to find vcredist_x86.exe is not easy. A simple solution is to hack $ERL_TOP/erts/etc/win32/nsis/find_redist.sh to look in $ERL_TOP/.. first.

    # shortcut for locating vcredist_x86.exe is to put it into $ERL_TOP
    if [ -f $ERL_TOP/vcredist_x86.exe ]; then
        echo $ERL_TOP/vcredist_x86.exe
        exit 0
    # or $ERL_TOP/.. to share across multiple builds
    if [ -f $ERL_TOP/../vcredist_x86.exe ]; then
        echo $ERL_TOP/../vcredist_x86.exe
        exit 0
  • Build Erlang using /relax/glazier/bin/erl_config.sh and /relax/glazier/bin/erl_build.sh, or manually as follows

      ./otp_build autoconf
      ./otp_build configure
      ./otp_build boot -a
      ./otp_build release -a
      ./otp_build installer_win32
      # we need to set up erlang to run from this new source build to build CouchDB
      ./release/win32/Install.exe -s
  • More details are at erlang INSTALL-Win32.md on github

  • or using the relax tools:

      start %glazier%\bin\relax.cmd
      :: [select an erlang build]
      erl_config.sh; erl_build.sh


CouchDB has been built & tested against the following components successfully

  • Erlang OTP R14B02 including source
  • ICU 4.2.1
  • Win32 OpenSSL 1.0.0d
  • Mozilla SpiderMonkey 1.8.5 or Firefox 4.0 release
  • libcurl 7.21.5


The Javascript engine used by CouchDB is Mozilla Spidermonkey. As there is no formal release for it, you can build from anywhere on trunk. The 1.8.5 source below is also used on the Mac OS X homebrew build of CouchDB.

  • to build and install from SpiderMonkey get [spidermonkey_bits]

  • run c:\mozilla-build\start-msvc9.bat even if you are on a 64-bit platform.

      cd $RELAX
      tar xzf bits/tracemonkey-57a6ad20eae9.tar.gz
      cd ./tracemonkey-57a6ad20eae9/js/src
      ./configure --enable-static

Inno Installer

  • Download from [inno_bits]
  • Install to c:\relax\inno5 & ensure its in the path
  • Install ispack-5.4.2-unicode.exe, optionally including additional components


  • already installed into C:/OpenSSL/ no further steps required


  • Extract from cygwin shell if not already done

:: cd /relax && tar xf /relax/bits/curl-7*

  • run from a Visual Studio command shell:

      pushd %RELAX%\curl-7*
      set OPENSSL_PATH=%relax%\openssl
      set USE_SSLEAY=1
      set USE_OPENSSL=1
      set INCLUDE=%INCLUDE%;%OPENSSL_PATH%\include;%OPENSSL_PATH%\include\openssl;
      set LIB=%LIB%;%OPENSSL_PATH%\lib;
      vcbuild /useenv /upgrade /platform:Win32 lib\libcurl.vcproj
      vcbuild /useenv /platform:Win32 lib\libcurl.vcproj "Release|Win32"
      xcopy lib\Release\libcurl.lib lib\ /y


  • Download and unzip the compiled libraries from [icu_bits_curr]

      cd %RELAX%\
      7z x bits\icu*.zip

Make & Build

  • The generic configure script looks like this:

      ./configure \
      --with-js-include=/cygdrive/c/path_to_spidermonkey/dist/include \
      --with-js-lib=/cygdrive/c/path_to_spidermonkey/dist/lib \
      --with-win32-icu-binaries=/cygdrive/c/path_to_icu_binaries_root \
      --with-erlang=$ERL_TOP/release/win32/usr/include \
      --with-win32-curl=/cygdrive/c/path/to/curl/root/directory \
      --with-openssl-bin-dir=/cygdrive/c/path/to/openssl/bin \
      --with-msvc-redist-dir=/cygdrive/c/dir/with/vcredist_platform_executable \

using spidermonkey 1.8.x

  • This is the recommended config if you have used the above steps:

      ./configure \
      --prefix=$ERL_TOP/release/win32 \
      --with-erlang=$ERL_TOP/release/win32/usr/include \
      --with-win32-icu-binaries=/relax/icu \
      --with-win32-curl=/relax/curl-7.21.5 \
      --with-openssl-bin-dir=/relax/openssl/bin \
      --with-msvc-redist-dir=/relax \
      --with-js-lib=/relax/tracemonkey-57a6ad20eae9/js/src/dist/lib \
      --with-js-include=/relax/tracemonkey-57a6ad20eae9/js/src/dist/include \
      2>&1 | tee $COUCH_TOP/build_configure.txt



Download URLs - visible only in raw text view

[7zip_bits]: http://downloads.sourceforge.net/sevenzip/7z465.exe [bitvise_sshd_bits]: http://dl.bitvise.com/WinSSHD5-Inst.exe [curl]: http://curl.haxx.se/download.html [cygwin]: http://www.cygwin.com/setup.exe [DEP]: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/875352 [erlang_R14B01]: http://www.erlang.org/download/otp_src_R14B01.tar.gz [erlang_R14B02]: http://www.erlang.org/download/otp_src_R14B02.tar.gz [icu_bits_curr]: http://download.icu-project.org/files/icu4c/4.2/icu4c-4_2-Win32-msvc9.zip [icu_bits_latest]: http://download.icu-project.org/files/icu4c/4.6/icu4c-4_6-Win32-msvc10.zip [inno_bits]: http://www.jrsoftware.org/download.php/is-unicode.exe [inno_help]: http://www.jrsoftware.org/ishelp/ [libcurl_bits]: http://curl.haxx.se/download/libcurl-7.19.3-win32-ssl-msvc.zip [libcurl_src]: http://curl.haxx.se/download/curl-7.21.3.tar.gz [msvc++]: http://download.microsoft.com/download/E/8/E/E8EEB394-7F42-4963-A2D8-29559B738298/VS2008ExpressWithSP1ENUX1504728.iso [mozbuild]: http://ftp.mozilla.org/pub/mozilla.org/mozilla/libraries/win32/MozillaBuildSetup-Latest.exe [notepadplus_bits]: http://sourceforge.net/projects/notepad-plus/files/notepad%2B%2B%20releases%20binary/npp%205.8.7%20bin/npp.5.8.7.Installer.exe/download [nsis_bits]: http://download.sourceforge.net/project/nsis/NSIS%202/2.46/nsis-2.46-setup.exe [openssl_bits]: http://cloud.github.com/downloads/wincouch/openssl/openssl-1.0.0d.zip [ramdisk]: http://www.ltr-data.se/files/imdiskinst.exe [spidermonkey_bits]: http://hg.mozilla.org/tracemonkey/archive/57a6ad20eae9.tar.gz [SEHOP]: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/956607 [vcredist]:

NB this is the same version as supplied with VS2008sp1 - EXEs and DLLs built against older vcredists can use the newer one successfully

http://download.microsoft.com/download/d/d/9/dd9a82d0-52ef-40db-8dab-795376989c03/vcredist_x86.exe [win7sdk_32bit]: http://download.microsoft.com/download/2/E/9/2E911956-F90F-4BFB-8231-E292A7B6F287/GRMSDK_EN_DVD.iso [win7sdk_64bit]: http://download.microsoft.com/download/2/E/9/2E911956-F90F-4BFB-8231-E292A7B6F287/GRMSDKX_EN_DVD.iso [wxwidgets_bits]: http://sourceforge.net/projects/wxwindows/files/2.8.11/wxMSW-2.8.11.zip [wxoverlay]: https://github.com/dch/glazier/raw/master/bits/wxMSW-2.8.11_erlang_overlay.zip

notes for next release

zlib from vs2008 prompt please

  • get http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.5.tar.gz 7z x %relax%\bits\zlib-1.2.5.tar.gz -o%relax%\bits
    7z x %relax%\bits\zlib-1.2.5.tar -o%relax% pushd %relax%\zlib*\contrib\masmx86
    bld_ml32.bat cd .... vcbuild /rebuild contrib\vstudio\vc9\zlibvc.sln “Release|Win32” xcopy %relax%\zlib-1.2.5\contrib\vstudio\vc9\x86\ZlibStatRelease\zlibstat.lib %relax%\libraries\ /y xcopy %relax%\zlib-1.2.5\contrib\vstudio\vc9\x86\ZlibDllRelease\zlibwapi.lib %relax%\libraries\ /y popd

bugger that

http://zlib.net/zlib125-dll.zip & unzip

// TODO fix curl and zlib build scripts

compile OpenSSL from scratch

7z x %glazier%\bits\nasm-2.09.07-win32.zip -o%relax%
move %relax%\nasm* nasm 7z x %glazier%\bits\strawberry-perl- -o%relax%\strawberry 7z x %glazier%\bits\openssl-1.0.0d.tar.gz -o%relax%\bits\

[open a VC++ shell] path=%path%;%relax%\nasm;%relax%\strawberry\perl\bin; pushd %relax%\openssl-* perl Configure VC-WIN32 --prefix=c:\openssl -- ms\do_nasm nmake -f ms\ntdll.mak

nmake -f ms\ntdll.mak install

compile ICU from scratch? no thanks..

aria2c.exe --force-sequential=false --max-connection-per-server=4 --check-certificate=false --auto-file-renaming=false bits.txt --max-concurrent-downloads=5 --dir=%GLAZIER%/bits --save-session=%GLAZIER%/a2session.txt


Must use 2008R2 64-bit edition ami-ee926087 m1.xlarge spot instances are a good deal create a 30GiB volume from relaxing snapshot this will provide backing store for the ram disk