Update to new version of versioneer

The newly generated src/buildstream/_version.py is modified downstream
in the following ways:

   o tox -e format
   o disable linting for this file
diff --git a/pyproject.toml b/pyproject.toml
index 989fb08..320a304 100644
--- a/pyproject.toml
+++ b/pyproject.toml
@@ -20,6 +20,8 @@
     # Require a new enough cython for the python versions we support
     "Cython>=0.29.25",
     "packaging",
+    # Versioneer is a build time dependency
+    "versioneer[toml]",
 ]
 build-backend = "setuptools.build_meta"
 
diff --git a/setup.cfg b/setup.cfg
index 83211c0..7be2786 100644
--- a/setup.cfg
+++ b/setup.cfg
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
 #
 [versioneer]
 VCS = git
-style = pep440_buildstream
+style = pep440
 versionfile_source = src/buildstream/_version.py
 versionfile_build = buildstream/_version.py
 tag_prefix =
diff --git a/src/buildstream/_version.py b/src/buildstream/_version.py
index 10905c4..81dbaf6 100644
--- a/src/buildstream/_version.py
+++ b/src/buildstream/_version.py
@@ -1,13 +1,18 @@
-# pylint: skip-file
-
 # This file helps to compute a version number in source trees obtained from
 # git-archive tarball (such as those provided by githubs download-from-tag
 # feature). Distribution tarballs (built by setup.py sdist) and build
 # directories (produced by setup.py build) will contain a much shorter file
 # that just contains the computed version number.
 
-# This file is released into the public domain. Generated by
-# versioneer-0.18 (https://github.com/warner/python-versioneer)
+# This file is released into the public domain.
+# Generated by versioneer-0.28
+# https://github.com/python-versioneer/python-versioneer
+
+#
+# Downstream edit: This file is from versioneer and presents some linting
+#                  errors we are not concerned with, disable linting here.
+#
+# pylint: skip-file
 
 """Git implementation of _version.py."""
 
@@ -16,6 +21,8 @@
 import re
 import subprocess
 import sys
+from typing import Callable, Dict
+import functools
 
 
 def get_keywords():
@@ -43,9 +50,8 @@
     cfg.VCS = "git"
     cfg.style = "pep440"
     cfg.tag_prefix = ""
-    cfg.tag_regex = "*.*.*"
     cfg.parentdir_prefix = "BuildStream-"
-    cfg.versionfile_source = "buildstream/_version.py"
+    cfg.versionfile_source = "src/buildstream/_version.py"
     cfg.verbose = False
     return cfg
 
@@ -54,12 +60,12 @@
     """Exception raised if a method is not valid for the current scenario."""
 
 
-LONG_VERSION_PY = {}
-HANDLERS = {}
+LONG_VERSION_PY: Dict[str, str] = {}
+HANDLERS: Dict[str, Dict[str, Callable]] = {}
 
 
 def register_vcs_handler(vcs, method):  # decorator
-    """Decorator to mark a method as the handler for a particular VCS."""
+    """Create decorator to mark a method as the handler of a VCS."""
 
     def decorate(f):
         """Store f in HANDLERS[vcs][method]."""
@@ -74,16 +80,29 @@
 def run_command(commands, args, cwd=None, verbose=False, hide_stderr=False, env=None):
     """Call the given command(s)."""
     assert isinstance(commands, list)
-    p = None
-    for c in commands:
+    process = None
+
+    popen_kwargs = {}
+    if sys.platform == "win32":
+        # This hides the console window if pythonw.exe is used
+        startupinfo = subprocess.STARTUPINFO()
+        startupinfo.dwFlags |= subprocess.STARTF_USESHOWWINDOW
+        popen_kwargs["startupinfo"] = startupinfo
+
+    for command in commands:
         try:
-            dispcmd = str([c] + args)
+            dispcmd = str([command] + args)
             # remember shell=False, so use git.cmd on windows, not just git
-            p = subprocess.Popen(
-                [c] + args, cwd=cwd, env=env, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=(subprocess.PIPE if hide_stderr else None)
+            process = subprocess.Popen(
+                [command] + args,
+                cwd=cwd,
+                env=env,
+                stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
+                stderr=(subprocess.PIPE if hide_stderr else None),
+                **popen_kwargs,
             )
             break
-        except EnvironmentError:
+        except OSError:
             e = sys.exc_info()[1]
             if e.errno == errno.ENOENT:
                 continue
@@ -95,15 +114,13 @@
         if verbose:
             print("unable to find command, tried %s" % (commands,))
         return None, None
-    stdout = p.communicate()[0].strip()
-    if sys.version_info[0] >= 3:
-        stdout = stdout.decode()
-    if p.returncode != 0:
+    stdout = process.communicate()[0].strip().decode()
+    if process.returncode != 0:
         if verbose:
             print("unable to run %s (error)" % dispcmd)
             print("stdout was %s" % stdout)
-        return None, p.returncode
-    return stdout, p.returncode
+        return None, process.returncode
+    return stdout, process.returncode
 
 
 def versions_from_parentdir(parentdir_prefix, root, verbose):
@@ -115,7 +132,7 @@
     """
     rootdirs = []
 
-    for i in range(3):
+    for _ in range(3):
         dirname = os.path.basename(root)
         if dirname.startswith(parentdir_prefix):
             return {
@@ -125,9 +142,8 @@
                 "error": None,
                 "date": None,
             }
-        else:
-            rootdirs.append(root)
-            root = os.path.dirname(root)  # up a level
+        rootdirs.append(root)
+        root = os.path.dirname(root)  # up a level
 
     if verbose:
         print("Tried directories %s but none started with prefix %s" % (str(rootdirs), parentdir_prefix))
@@ -143,22 +159,21 @@
     # _version.py.
     keywords = {}
     try:
-        f = open(versionfile_abs, "r")
-        for line in f.readlines():
-            if line.strip().startswith("git_refnames ="):
-                mo = re.search(r'=\s*"(.*)"', line)
-                if mo:
-                    keywords["refnames"] = mo.group(1)
-            if line.strip().startswith("git_full ="):
-                mo = re.search(r'=\s*"(.*)"', line)
-                if mo:
-                    keywords["full"] = mo.group(1)
-            if line.strip().startswith("git_date ="):
-                mo = re.search(r'=\s*"(.*)"', line)
-                if mo:
-                    keywords["date"] = mo.group(1)
-        f.close()
-    except EnvironmentError:
+        with open(versionfile_abs, "r") as fobj:
+            for line in fobj:
+                if line.strip().startswith("git_refnames ="):
+                    mo = re.search(r'=\s*"(.*)"', line)
+                    if mo:
+                        keywords["refnames"] = mo.group(1)
+                if line.strip().startswith("git_full ="):
+                    mo = re.search(r'=\s*"(.*)"', line)
+                    if mo:
+                        keywords["full"] = mo.group(1)
+                if line.strip().startswith("git_date ="):
+                    mo = re.search(r'=\s*"(.*)"', line)
+                    if mo:
+                        keywords["date"] = mo.group(1)
+    except OSError:
         pass
     return keywords
 
@@ -166,10 +181,14 @@
 @register_vcs_handler("git", "keywords")
 def git_versions_from_keywords(keywords, tag_prefix, verbose):
     """Get version information from git keywords."""
-    if not keywords:
-        raise NotThisMethod("no keywords at all, weird")
+    if "refnames" not in keywords:
+        raise NotThisMethod("Short version file found")
     date = keywords.get("date")
     if date is not None:
+        # Use only the last line.  Previous lines may contain GPG signature
+        # information.
+        date = date.splitlines()[-1]
+
         # git-2.2.0 added "%cI", which expands to an ISO-8601 -compliant
         # datestamp. However we prefer "%ci" (which expands to an "ISO-8601
         # -like" string, which we must then edit to make compliant), because
@@ -182,11 +201,11 @@
         if verbose:
             print("keywords are unexpanded, not using")
         raise NotThisMethod("unexpanded keywords, not a git-archive tarball")
-    refs = set([r.strip() for r in refnames.strip("()").split(",")])
+    refs = {r.strip() for r in refnames.strip("()").split(",")}
     # starting in git-1.8.3, tags are listed as "tag: foo-1.0" instead of
     # just "foo-1.0". If we see a "tag: " prefix, prefer those.
     TAG = "tag: "
-    tags = set([r[len(TAG) :] for r in refs if r.startswith(TAG)])
+    tags = {r[len(TAG) :] for r in refs if r.startswith(TAG)}
     if not tags:
         # Either we're using git < 1.8.3, or there really are no tags. We use
         # a heuristic: assume all version tags have a digit. The old git %d
@@ -195,7 +214,7 @@
         # between branches and tags. By ignoring refnames without digits, we
         # filter out many common branch names like "release" and
         # "stabilization", as well as "HEAD" and "master".
-        tags = set([r for r in refs if re.search(r"\d", r)])
+        tags = {r for r in refs if re.search(r"\d", r)}
         if verbose:
             print("discarding '%s', no digits" % ",".join(refs - tags))
     if verbose:
@@ -204,6 +223,11 @@
         # sorting will prefer e.g. "2.0" over "2.0rc1"
         if ref.startswith(tag_prefix):
             r = ref[len(tag_prefix) :]
+            # Filter out refs that exactly match prefix or that don't start
+            # with a number once the prefix is stripped (mostly a concern
+            # when prefix is '')
+            if not re.match(r"\d", r):
+                continue
             if verbose:
                 print("picking %s" % r)
             return {
@@ -226,7 +250,7 @@
 
 
 @register_vcs_handler("git", "pieces_from_vcs")
-def git_pieces_from_vcs(tag_prefix, tag_regex, root, verbose, run_command=run_command):
+def git_pieces_from_vcs(tag_prefix, root, verbose, runner=run_command):
     """Get version from 'git describe' in the root of the source tree.
 
     This only gets called if the git-archive 'subst' keywords were *not*
@@ -237,7 +261,14 @@
     if sys.platform == "win32":
         GITS = ["git.cmd", "git.exe"]
 
-    out, rc = run_command(GITS, ["rev-parse", "--git-dir"], cwd=root, hide_stderr=True)
+    # GIT_DIR can interfere with correct operation of Versioneer.
+    # It may be intended to be passed to the Versioneer-versioned project,
+    # but that should not change where we get our version from.
+    env = os.environ.copy()
+    env.pop("GIT_DIR", None)
+    runner = functools.partial(runner, env=env)
+
+    _, rc = runner(GITS, ["rev-parse", "--git-dir"], cwd=root, hide_stderr=not verbose)
     if rc != 0:
         if verbose:
             print("Directory %s not under git control" % root)
@@ -245,16 +276,14 @@
 
     # if there is a tag matching tag_prefix, this yields TAG-NUM-gHEX[-dirty]
     # if there isn't one, this yields HEX[-dirty] (no NUM)
-    describe_out, rc = run_command(
-        GITS,
-        ["describe", "--tags", "--dirty", "--always", "--long", "--match", "%s%s" % (tag_prefix, tag_regex)],
-        cwd=root,
+    describe_out, rc = runner(
+        GITS, ["describe", "--tags", "--dirty", "--always", "--long", "--match", f"{tag_prefix}[[:digit:]]*"], cwd=root
     )
     # --long was added in git-1.5.5
     if describe_out is None:
         raise NotThisMethod("'git describe' failed")
     describe_out = describe_out.strip()
-    full_out, rc = run_command(GITS, ["rev-parse", "HEAD"], cwd=root)
+    full_out, rc = runner(GITS, ["rev-parse", "HEAD"], cwd=root)
     if full_out is None:
         raise NotThisMethod("'git rev-parse' failed")
     full_out = full_out.strip()
@@ -264,6 +293,38 @@
     pieces["short"] = full_out[:7]  # maybe improved later
     pieces["error"] = None
 
+    branch_name, rc = runner(GITS, ["rev-parse", "--abbrev-ref", "HEAD"], cwd=root)
+    # --abbrev-ref was added in git-1.6.3
+    if rc != 0 or branch_name is None:
+        raise NotThisMethod("'git rev-parse --abbrev-ref' returned error")
+    branch_name = branch_name.strip()
+
+    if branch_name == "HEAD":
+        # If we aren't exactly on a branch, pick a branch which represents
+        # the current commit. If all else fails, we are on a branchless
+        # commit.
+        branches, rc = runner(GITS, ["branch", "--contains"], cwd=root)
+        # --contains was added in git-1.5.4
+        if rc != 0 or branches is None:
+            raise NotThisMethod("'git branch --contains' returned error")
+        branches = branches.split("\n")
+
+        # Remove the first line if we're running detached
+        if "(" in branches[0]:
+            branches.pop(0)
+
+        # Strip off the leading "* " from the list of branches.
+        branches = [branch[2:] for branch in branches]
+        if "master" in branches:
+            branch_name = "master"
+        elif not branches:
+            branch_name = None
+        else:
+            # Pick the first branch that is returned. Good or bad.
+            branch_name = branches[0]
+
+    pieces["branch"] = branch_name
+
     # parse describe_out. It will be like TAG-NUM-gHEX[-dirty] or HEX[-dirty]
     # TAG might have hyphens.
     git_describe = describe_out
@@ -280,7 +341,7 @@
         # TAG-NUM-gHEX
         mo = re.search(r"^(.+)-(\d+)-g([0-9a-f]+)$", git_describe)
         if not mo:
-            # unparseable. Maybe git-describe is misbehaving?
+            # unparsable. Maybe git-describe is misbehaving?
             pieces["error"] = "unable to parse git-describe output: '%s'" % describe_out
             return pieces
 
@@ -303,11 +364,14 @@
     else:
         # HEX: no tags
         pieces["closest-tag"] = None
-        count_out, rc = run_command(GITS, ["rev-list", "HEAD", "--count"], cwd=root)
-        pieces["distance"] = int(count_out)  # total number of commits
+        out, rc = runner(GITS, ["rev-list", "HEAD", "--left-right"], cwd=root)
+        pieces["distance"] = len(out.split())  # total number of commits
 
     # commit date: see ISO-8601 comment in git_versions_from_keywords()
-    date = run_command(GITS, ["show", "-s", "--format=%ci", "HEAD"], cwd=root)[0].strip()
+    date = runner(GITS, ["show", "-s", "--format=%ci", "HEAD"], cwd=root)[0].strip()
+    # Use only the last line.  Previous lines may contain GPG signature
+    # information.
+    date = date.splitlines()[-1]
     pieces["date"] = date.strip().replace(" ", "T", 1).replace(" ", "", 1)
 
     return pieces
@@ -344,19 +408,66 @@
     return rendered
 
 
-def render_pep440_pre(pieces):
-    """TAG[.post.devDISTANCE] -- No -dirty.
+def render_pep440_branch(pieces):
+    """TAG[[.dev0]+DISTANCE.gHEX[.dirty]] .
+
+    The ".dev0" means not master branch. Note that .dev0 sorts backwards
+    (a feature branch will appear "older" than the master branch).
 
     Exceptions:
-    1: no tags. 0.post.devDISTANCE
+    1: no tags. 0[.dev0]+untagged.DISTANCE.gHEX[.dirty]
     """
     if pieces["closest-tag"]:
         rendered = pieces["closest-tag"]
-        if pieces["distance"]:
-            rendered += ".post.dev%d" % pieces["distance"]
+        if pieces["distance"] or pieces["dirty"]:
+            if pieces["branch"] != "master":
+                rendered += ".dev0"
+            rendered += plus_or_dot(pieces)
+            rendered += "%d.g%s" % (pieces["distance"], pieces["short"])
+            if pieces["dirty"]:
+                rendered += ".dirty"
     else:
         # exception #1
-        rendered = "0.post.dev%d" % pieces["distance"]
+        rendered = "0"
+        if pieces["branch"] != "master":
+            rendered += ".dev0"
+        rendered += "+untagged.%d.g%s" % (pieces["distance"], pieces["short"])
+        if pieces["dirty"]:
+            rendered += ".dirty"
+    return rendered
+
+
+def pep440_split_post(ver):
+    """Split pep440 version string at the post-release segment.
+
+    Returns the release segments before the post-release and the
+    post-release version number (or -1 if no post-release segment is present).
+    """
+    vc = str.split(ver, ".post")
+    return vc[0], int(vc[1] or 0) if len(vc) == 2 else None
+
+
+def render_pep440_pre(pieces):
+    """TAG[.postN.devDISTANCE] -- No -dirty.
+
+    Exceptions:
+    1: no tags. 0.post0.devDISTANCE
+    """
+    if pieces["closest-tag"]:
+        if pieces["distance"]:
+            # update the post release segment
+            tag_version, post_version = pep440_split_post(pieces["closest-tag"])
+            rendered = tag_version
+            if post_version is not None:
+                rendered += ".post%d.dev%d" % (post_version + 1, pieces["distance"])
+            else:
+                rendered += ".post0.dev%d" % (pieces["distance"])
+        else:
+            # no commits, use the tag as the version
+            rendered = pieces["closest-tag"]
+    else:
+        # exception #1
+        rendered = "0.post0.dev%d" % pieces["distance"]
     return rendered
 
 
@@ -387,12 +498,41 @@
     return rendered
 
 
+def render_pep440_post_branch(pieces):
+    """TAG[.postDISTANCE[.dev0]+gHEX[.dirty]] .
+
+    The ".dev0" means not master branch.
+
+    Exceptions:
+    1: no tags. 0.postDISTANCE[.dev0]+gHEX[.dirty]
+    """
+    if pieces["closest-tag"]:
+        rendered = pieces["closest-tag"]
+        if pieces["distance"] or pieces["dirty"]:
+            rendered += ".post%d" % pieces["distance"]
+            if pieces["branch"] != "master":
+                rendered += ".dev0"
+            rendered += plus_or_dot(pieces)
+            rendered += "g%s" % pieces["short"]
+            if pieces["dirty"]:
+                rendered += ".dirty"
+    else:
+        # exception #1
+        rendered = "0.post%d" % pieces["distance"]
+        if pieces["branch"] != "master":
+            rendered += ".dev0"
+        rendered += "+g%s" % pieces["short"]
+        if pieces["dirty"]:
+            rendered += ".dirty"
+    return rendered
+
+
 def render_pep440_old(pieces):
     """TAG[.postDISTANCE[.dev0]] .
 
     The ".dev0" means dirty.
 
-    Eexceptions:
+    Exceptions:
     1: no tags. 0.postDISTANCE[.dev0]
     """
     if pieces["closest-tag"]:
@@ -465,10 +605,14 @@
 
     if style == "pep440":
         rendered = render_pep440(pieces)
+    elif style == "pep440-branch":
+        rendered = render_pep440_branch(pieces)
     elif style == "pep440-pre":
         rendered = render_pep440_pre(pieces)
     elif style == "pep440-post":
         rendered = render_pep440_post(pieces)
+    elif style == "pep440-post-branch":
+        rendered = render_pep440_post_branch(pieces)
     elif style == "pep440-old":
         rendered = render_pep440_old(pieces)
     elif style == "git-describe":
@@ -507,7 +651,7 @@
         # versionfile_source is the relative path from the top of the source
         # tree (where the .git directory might live) to this file. Invert
         # this to find the root from __file__.
-        for i in cfg.versionfile_source.split("/"):
+        for _ in cfg.versionfile_source.split("/"):
             root = os.path.dirname(root)
     except NameError:
         return {
@@ -519,7 +663,7 @@
         }
 
     try:
-        pieces = git_pieces_from_vcs(cfg.tag_prefix, cfg.tag_regex, root, verbose)
+        pieces = git_pieces_from_vcs(cfg.tag_prefix, root, verbose)
         return render(pieces, cfg.style)
     except NotThisMethod:
         pass