Apache Arrow is a cross-language development platform for in-memory data. It specifies a standardized language-independent columnar memory format for flat and hierarchical data, organized for efficient analytic operations on modern hardware. It also provides computational libraries and zero-copy streaming messaging and interprocess communication.
arrow package exposes an interface to the Arrow C++ library to access many of its features in R. This includes support for working with Parquet (
write_parquet()) and Feather (
write_feather()) files, as well as lower-level access to Arrow memory and messages.
Install the latest release of
arrow from CRAN with
On macOS and Windows, installing a binary package from CRAN will handle Arrow’s C++ dependencies for you. On Linux, you’ll need to first install the C++ library. See the Arrow project installation page for a list of PPAs from which you can obtain it.
If you install the
arrow package from source and the C++ library is not found, the R package functions will notify you that Arrow is not available. Call
for version- and platform-specific guidance on installing the Arrow C++ library.
library(arrow) set.seed(24) tab <- arrow::table(x = 1:10, y = rnorm(10)) tab$schema #> arrow::Schema #> x: int32 #> y: double tab #> arrow::Table as.data.frame(tab) #> x y #> 1 1 -0.545880758 #> 2 2 0.536585304 #> 3 3 0.419623149 #> 4 4 -0.583627199 #> 5 5 0.847460017 #> 6 6 0.266021979 #> 7 7 0.444585270 #> 8 8 -0.466495124 #> 9 9 -0.848370044 #> 10 10 0.002311942
To use the development version of the R package, you’ll need to install it from source, which requires the additional C++ library setup. On macOS, you may install the C++ library using Homebrew:
# For the released version: brew install apache-arrow # Or for a development version, you can try: brew install apache-arrow --HEAD
On Windows, you can download a .zip file with the arrow dependencies from the rwinlib project, and then set the
RWINLIB_LOCAL environment variable to point to that zip file before installing the
arrow R package. That project contains released versions of the C++ library; for a development version, Windows users may be able to find a binary by going to the Apache Arrow project’s Appveyor, selecting an R job from a recent build, and downloading the
build\arrow-*.zip file from the “Artifacts” tab.
Linux users can get a released version of the library from our PPAs, as described above. If you need a development version of the C++ library, you will likely need to build it from source. See “Development” below.
Once you have the C++ library, you can install the R package from GitHub using the
remotes package. From within an R session,
# install.packages("remotes") # Or install "devtools", which includes remotes remotes::install_github("apache/arrow/r")
or if you prefer to stay at the command line,
R -e 'remotes::install_github("apache/arrow/r")'
You can specify a particular commit, branch, or release to install by including a
ref argument to
If you need to alter both the Arrow C++ library and the R package code, or if you can’t get a binary version of the latest C++ library elsewhere, you’ll need to build it from source too.
First, clone the repository and install a release build of the C++ library.
git clone https://github.com/apache/arrow.git mkdir arrow/cpp/build && cd arrow/cpp/build cmake .. -DARROW_PARQUET=ON -DARROW_BOOST_USE_SHARED:BOOL=Off -DARROW_INSTALL_NAME_RPATH=OFF make install
This likely will require additional system libraries to be installed, the specifics of which are platform dependent. See the C++ developer guide for details.
Once you’ve built the C++ library, you can install the R package and its dependencies, along with additional dev dependencies, from the git checkout:
cd ../../r R -e 'install.packages("devtools"); devtools::install_dev_deps()' R CMD INSTALL .
If the package fails to install/load with an error like this:
** testing if installed package can be loaded from temporary location Error: package or namespace load failed for 'arrow' in dyn.load(file, DLLpath = DLLpath, ...): unable to load shared object '/Users/you/R/00LOCK-r/00new/arrow/libs/arrow.so': dlopen(/Users/you/R/00LOCK-r/00new/arrow/libs/arrow.so, 6): Library not loaded: @rpath/libarrow.14.dylib
try setting the environment variable
DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH on macOS) to wherever Arrow C++ was put in
make install, e.g.
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib, and retry installing the R package.
For any other build/configuration challenges, see the C++ developer guide.
arrow package uses some customized tools on top of
Rcpp to prepare its C++ code in
src/. If you change C++ code in the R package, you will need to set the
ARROW_R_DEV environment variable to
TRUE (optionally, add it to your
~/.Renviron file to persist across sessions) so that the
data-raw/codegen.R file is used for code generation.
You’ll also need
Within an R session, these can help with package development:
devtools::load_all() # Load the dev package devtools::test(filter="^regexp$") # Run the test suite, optionally filtering file names devtools::document() # Update roxygen documentation rmarkdown::render("README.Rmd") # To rebuild README.md pkgdown::build_site(run_dont_run=TRUE) # To preview the documentation website devtools::check() # All package checks; see also below
Any of those can be run from the command line by wrapping them in
R -e '$COMMAND'. There’s also a
Makefile to help with some common tasks from the command line (
make clean, etc.)
R CMD build --keep-empty-dirs . R CMD check arrow_*.tar.gz --as-cran --no-manual