Apache Airflow OpenLDAP used for testing

Clone this repo:
  1. 9d8ae27 Add Airflow-specific modifications - image can be build on its own by Jarek Potiuk · 5 months ago development
  2. 6cee85f Add base image from https://github.com/osixia/docker-light-baseimage by Jarek Potiuk · 5 months ago
  3. 7ce084b Merge branch 'release-1.4.0' into stable by Bertrand Gouny · 5 months ago
  4. 23c26ed v1.4.0 by Bertrand Gouny · 5 months ago
  5. 7f3ed05 fix ldaps port by Bertrand Gouny · 5 months ago

osixia/openldap

Docker Pulls Docker Stars

Latest release: 1.4.0 - OpenLDAP 2.4.50 - Changelog | Docker Hub 

A docker image to run OpenLDAP.

OpenLDAP website : www.openldap.org

Contributing

If you find this image useful here's how you can help:

  • Send a pull request with your kickass new features and bug fixes
  • Help new users with issues they may encounter
  • Support the development of this image and star this repo !

Quick Start

Run OpenLDAP docker image:

docker run --name my-openldap-container --detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0

Do not forget to add the port mapping for both port 389 and 636 if you wish to access the ldap server from another machine.

docker run -p 389:389 -p 636:636 --name my-openldap-container --detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0

Either command starts a new container with OpenLDAP running inside. Let's make the first search in our LDAP container:

docker exec my-openldap-container ldapsearch -x -H ldap://localhost -b dc=example,dc=org -D "cn=admin,dc=example,dc=org" -w admin

This should output:

# extended LDIF
#
# LDAPv3
# base <dc=example,dc=org> with scope subtree
# filter: (objectclass=*)
# requesting: ALL
#

[...]

# numResponses: 3
# numEntries: 2

If you have the following error, OpenLDAP is not started yet, maybe you are too fast or maybe your computer is too slow, as you want... but wait for some time before retrying.

	ldap_sasl_bind(SIMPLE): Can't contact LDAP server (-1)

Beginner Guide

Create new ldap server

This is the default behavior when you run this image. It will create an empty ldap for the company Example Inc. and the domain example.org.

By default the admin has the password admin. All those default settings can be changed at the docker command line, for example:

docker run --env LDAP_ORGANISATION="My Company" --env LDAP_DOMAIN="my-company.com" \
--env LDAP_ADMIN_PASSWORD="JonSn0w" --detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0

Data persistence

The directories /var/lib/ldap (LDAP database files) and /etc/ldap/slapd.d (LDAP config files) are used to persist the schema and data information, and should be mapped as volumes, so your ldap files are saved outside the container (see Use an existing ldap database). However it can be useful to not use volumes, in case the image should be delivered complete with test data - this is especially useful when deriving other images from this one.

The default uid and gid used by the image may map to surprising counterparts in the host. If you need to match uid and gid in the container and in the host, you can use build parameters LDAP_OPENLDAP_UID and LDAP_OPENLDAP_GID to set uid and gid explicitly:

docker build --build-arg LDAP_OPENLDAP_GID=1234 --build-arg LDAP_OPENLDAP_UID=2345 -t my_ldap_image .
docker run --name my_ldap_container -d my_ldap_image
# this should output uid=2345(openldap) gid=1234(openldap) groups=1234(openldap)
docker exec my_ldap_container id openldap

For more information about docker data volume, please refer to:

https://docs.docker.com/engine/tutorials/dockervolumes/

Firewall issues on RHEL/CentOS

Docker Engine doesn‘t work well with firewall-cmd and can cause issues if you’re connecting to the LDAP server from another container on the same machine. You can fix this by running:

$ firewall-cmd --add-port=389/tcp --permanent
$ firewall-cmd --add-port=636/tcp --permanent
$ firewall-cmd --reload

Learn more about this issue at https://github.com/moby/moby/issues/32138

Edit your server configuration

Do not edit slapd.conf it's not used. To modify your server configuration use ldap utils: ldapmodify / ldapadd / ldapdelete

Seed ldap database with ldif

This image can load ldif files at startup with either ldapadd or ldapmodify. Mount .ldif in /container/service/slapd/assets/config/bootstrap/ldif directory if you want to overwrite image default boostrap ldif files or in /container/service/slapd/assets/config/bootstrap/ldif/custom (recommended) to extend image config.

Files containing changeType: attributes will be loaded with ldapmodify.

The startup script provides some substitutions in bootstrap ldif files. Following substitutions are supported:

  • {{ LDAP_BASE_DN }}
  • {{ LDAP_BACKEND }}
  • {{ LDAP_DOMAIN }}
  • {{ LDAP_READONLY_USER_USERNAME }}
  • {{ LDAP_READONLY_USER_PASSWORD_ENCRYPTED }}

Other {{ * }} substitutions are left unchanged.

Since startup script modifies ldif files, you must add --copy-service argument to entrypoint if you don't want to overwrite them.

	# single file example:
	docker run \
  --volume ./bootstrap.ldif:/container/service/slapd/assets/config/bootstrap/ldif/50-bootstrap.ldif \
  osixia/openldap:1.4.0 --copy-service

	#directory example:
	docker run \
     --volume ./ldif:/container/service/slapd/assets/config/bootstrap/ldif/custom \
     osixia/openldap:1.4.0 --copy-service

Seed from internal path

This image can load ldif and schema files at startup from an internal path. This is useful if a continuous integration service mounts automatically the working copy (sources) into a docker service, which has a relation to the ci job.

For example: Gitlab is not capable of mounting custom paths into docker services of a ci job, but gitlab automatically mounts the working copy in every service container. So the working copy (sources) are accessible under /builds in every services of a ci job. The path to the working copy can be obtained via ${CI_PROJECT_DIR}. See also: https://docs.gitlab.com/runner/executors/docker.html#build-directory-in-service

This may also work with other CI services, if they automatically mount the working directory to the services of a ci job like gitlab ci does.

In order to seed ldif or schema files from internal path you must set the specific environment variable LDAP_SEED_INTERNAL_LDIF_PATH and/or LDAP_SEED_INTERNAL_SCHEMA_PATH. If set this will copy any *.ldif or *.schema file into the default seeding directories of this image.

Example variables defined in gitlab-ci.yml:

variables:
	LDAP_SEED_INTERNAL_LDIF_PATH: "${CI_PROJECT_DIR}/docker/openldap/ldif"
	LDAP_SEED_INTERNAL_SCHEMA_PATH: "${CI_PROJECT_DIR}/docker/openldap/schema"

Use an existing ldap database

This can be achieved by mounting host directories as volume. Assuming you have a LDAP database on your docker host in the directory /data/slapd/database and the corresponding LDAP config files on your docker host in the directory /data/slapd/config simply mount this directories as a volume to /var/lib/ldap and /etc/ldap/slapd.d:

docker run --volume /data/slapd/database:/var/lib/ldap \
--volume /data/slapd/config:/etc/ldap/slapd.d \
--detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0

You can also use data volume containers. Please refer to:

https://docs.docker.com/engine/tutorials/dockervolumes/

Note: By default this image is waiting an mdb database backend, if you want to use any other database backend set backend type via the LDAP_BACKEND environement variable.

Backup

A simple solution to backup your ldap server, is our openldap-backup docker image:

osixia/openldap-backup

Administrate your ldap server

If you are looking for a simple solution to administrate your ldap server you can take a look at our phpLDAPadmin docker image:

osixia/phpldapadmin

TLS

Use auto-generated certificate

By default, TLS is already configured and enabled, certificate is created using container hostname (it can be set by docker run --hostname option eg: ldap.example.org).

docker run --hostname ldap.my-company.com --detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0

Use your own certificate

You can set your custom certificate at run time, by mounting a directory containing those files to /container/service/slapd/assets/certs and adjust their name with the following environment variables:

docker run --hostname ldap.example.org --volume /path/to/certificates:/container/service/slapd/assets/certs \
--env LDAP_TLS_CRT_FILENAME=my-ldap.crt \
--env LDAP_TLS_KEY_FILENAME=my-ldap.key \
--env LDAP_TLS_CA_CRT_FILENAME=the-ca.crt \
--detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0

Other solutions are available please refer to the Advanced User Guide

Disable TLS

Add --env LDAP_TLS=false to the run command:

docker run --env LDAP_TLS=false --detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0

Multi master replication

Quick example, with the default config.

#Create the first ldap server, save the container id in LDAP_CID and get its IP:
LDAP_CID=$(docker run --hostname ldap.example.org --env LDAP_REPLICATION=true --detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0)
LDAP_IP=$(docker inspect -f "{{ .NetworkSettings.IPAddress }}" $LDAP_CID)

#Create the second ldap server, save the container id in LDAP2_CID and get its IP:
LDAP2_CID=$(docker run --hostname ldap2.example.org --env LDAP_REPLICATION=true --detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0)
LDAP2_IP=$(docker inspect -f "{{ .NetworkSettings.IPAddress }}" $LDAP2_CID)

#Add the pair "ip hostname" to /etc/hosts on each containers,
#because ldap.example.org and ldap2.example.org are fake hostnames
docker exec $LDAP_CID bash -c "echo $LDAP2_IP ldap2.example.org >> /etc/hosts"
docker exec $LDAP2_CID bash -c "echo $LDAP_IP ldap.example.org >> /etc/hosts"

That's it! But a little test to be sure:

Add a new user “billy” on the first ldap server

docker exec $LDAP_CID ldapadd -x -D "cn=admin,dc=example,dc=org" -w admin -f /container/service/slapd/assets/test/new-user.ldif -H ldap://ldap.example.org -ZZ

Search on the second ldap server, and billy should show up!

docker exec $LDAP2_CID ldapsearch -x -H ldap://ldap2.example.org -b dc=example,dc=org -D "cn=admin,dc=example,dc=org" -w admin -ZZ

[...]

# billy, example.org
dn: uid=billy,dc=example,dc=org
uid: billy
cn: billy
sn: 3
objectClass: top
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: inetOrgPerson
[...]

Fix docker mounted file problems

You may have some problems with mounted files on some systems. The startup script try to make some file adjustment and fix files owner and permissions, this can result in multiple errors. See Docker documentation.

To fix that run the container with --copy-service argument :

	docker run [your options] osixia/openldap:1.4.0 --copy-service

Debug

The container default log level is info. Available levels are: none, error, warning, info, debug and trace.

Example command to run the container in debug mode:

docker run --detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0 --loglevel debug

See all command line options:

docker run osixia/openldap:1.4.0 --help

Environment Variables

Environment variables defaults are set in image/environment/default.yaml and image/environment/default.startup.yaml.

See how to set your own environment variables

Default.yaml

Variables defined in this file are available at anytime in the container environment.

General container configuration:

Default.startup.yaml

Variables defined in this file are only available during the container first start in startup files. This file is deleted right after startup files are processed for the first time, then all of these values will not be available in the container environment.

This helps to keep your container configuration secret. If you don't care all environment variables can be defined in default.yaml and everything will work fine.

Required and used for new ldap server only:

  • LDAP_ORGANISATION: Organisation name. Defaults to Example Inc.

  • LDAP_DOMAIN: Ldap domain. Defaults to example.org

  • LDAP_BASE_DN: Ldap base DN. If empty automatically set from LDAP_DOMAIN value. Defaults to (empty)

  • LDAP_ADMIN_PASSWORD Ldap Admin password. Defaults to admin

  • LDAP_CONFIG_PASSWORD Ldap Config password. Defaults to config

  • LDAP_READONLY_USER Add a read only user. Defaults to false

  • LDAP_READONLY_USER_USERNAME Read only user username. Defaults to readonly

  • LDAP_READONLY_USER_PASSWORD Read only user password. Defaults to readonly

  • LDAP_RFC2307BIS_SCHEMA Use rfc2307bis schema instead of nis schema. Defaults to false

Backend:

TLS options:

  • LDAP_TLS: Add openldap TLS capabilities. Can't be removed once set to true. Defaults to true.

  • LDAP_TLS_CRT_FILENAME: Ldap ssl certificate filename. Defaults to ldap.crt

  • LDAP_TLS_KEY_FILENAME: Ldap ssl certificate private key filename. Defaults to ldap.key

  • LDAP_TLS_DH_PARAM_FILENAME: Ldap ssl certificate dh param file. Defaults to dhparam.pem

  • LDAP_TLS_CA_CRT_FILENAME: Ldap ssl CA certificate filename. Defaults to ca.crt

  • LDAP_TLS_ENFORCE: Enforce TLS but except ldapi connections. Can't be disabled once set to true. Defaults to false.

  • LDAP_TLS_CIPHER_SUITE: TLS cipher suite. Defaults to SECURE256:+SECURE128:-VERS-TLS-ALL:+VERS-TLS1.2:-RSA:-DHE-DSS:-CAMELLIA-128-CBC:-CAMELLIA-256-CBC, based on Red Hat's TLS hardening guide

  • LDAP_TLS_VERIFY_CLIENT: TLS verify client. Defaults to demand

    Help: http://www.openldap.org/doc/admin24/tls.html

Replication options:

  • LDAP_REPLICATION: Add openldap replication capabilities. Defaults to false

  • LDAP_REPLICATION_CONFIG_SYNCPROV: olcSyncRepl options used for the config database. Without rid and provider which are automatically added based on LDAP_REPLICATION_HOSTS. Defaults to binddn="cn=admin,cn=config" bindmethod=simple credentials=$LDAP_CONFIG_PASSWORD searchbase="cn=config" type=refreshAndPersist retry="60 +" timeout=1 starttls=critical

  • LDAP_REPLICATION_DB_SYNCPROV: olcSyncRepl options used for the database. Without rid and provider which are automatically added based on LDAP_REPLICATION_HOSTS. Defaults to binddn="cn=admin,$LDAP_BASE_DN" bindmethod=simple credentials=$LDAP_ADMIN_PASSWORD searchbase="$LDAP_BASE_DN" type=refreshAndPersist interval=00:00:00:10 retry="60 +" timeout=1 starttls=critical

  • LDAP_REPLICATION_HOSTS: list of replication hosts, must contain the current container hostname set by --hostname on docker run command. Defaults to :

    - ldap://ldap.example.org
    - ldap://ldap2.example.org
    

    If you want to set this variable at docker run command add the tag #PYTHON2BASH: and convert the yaml in python:

      docker run --env LDAP_REPLICATION_HOSTS="#PYTHON2BASH:['ldap://ldap.example.org','ldap://ldap2.example.org']" --detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0
    

    To convert yaml to python online: http://yaml-online-parser.appspot.com/

Other environment variables:

  • KEEP_EXISTING_CONFIG: Do not change the ldap config. Defaults to false

    • if set to true with an existing database, config will remain unchanged. Image tls and replication config will not be run. The container can be started with LDAP_ADMIN_PASSWORD and LDAP_CONFIG_PASSWORD empty or filled with fake data.
    • if set to true when bootstrapping a new database, bootstap ldif and schema will not be added and tls and replication config will not be run.
  • LDAP_REMOVE_CONFIG_AFTER_SETUP: delete config folder after setup. Defaults to true

  • LDAP_SSL_HELPER_PREFIX: ssl-helper environment variables prefix. Defaults to ldap, ssl-helper first search config from LDAP_SSL_HELPER_* variables, before SSL_HELPER_* variables.

  • HOSTNAME: set the hostname of the running openldap server. Defaults to whatever docker creates.

  • DISABLE_CHOWN: do not perform any chown to fix file ownership. Defaults to false

  • LDAP_OPENLDAP_UID: runtime docker user uid to run container as

  • LDAP_OPENLDAP_GID: runtime docker user gid to run container as

Set your own environment variables

Use command line argument

Environment variables can be set by adding the --env argument in the command line, for example:

docker run --env LDAP_ORGANISATION="My company" --env LDAP_DOMAIN="my-company.com" \
--env LDAP_ADMIN_PASSWORD="JonSn0w" --detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0

Be aware that environment variable added in command line will be available at any time in the container. In this example if someone manage to open a terminal in this container he will be able to read the admin password in clear text from environment variables.

Link environment file

For example if your environment files my-env.yaml and my-env.startup.yaml are in /data/ldap/environment

docker run --volume /data/ldap/environment:/container/environment/01-custom \
--detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0

Take care to link your environment files folder to /container/environment/XX-somedir (with XX < 99 so they will be processed before default environment files) and not directly to /container/environment because this directory contains predefined baseimage environment files to fix container environment (INITRD, LANG, LANGUAGE and LC_CTYPE).

Note: the container will try to delete the *.startup.yaml file after the end of startup files so the file will also be deleted on the docker host. To prevent that : use --volume /data/ldap/environment:/container/environment/01-custom**:ro** or set all variables in *.yaml file and don't use *.startup.yaml:

docker run --volume /data/ldap/environment/my-env.yaml:/container/environment/01-custom/env.yaml \
--detach osixia/openldap:1.4.0

Docker Secrets

As an alternative to passing sensitive information via environmental variables, _FILE may be appended to the listed variables, causing the startup.sh script to load the values for those values from files presented in the container. This is particular usefull for loading passwords using the Docker secrets mechanism. For example:

docker run --env LDAP_ORGANISATION="My company" --env LDAP_DOMAIN="my-company.com" \
--env LDAP_ADMIN_PASSWORD_FILE=/run/secrets/authentication_admin_pw --detach osixia/openldap:1.2.4

Currently this is only supported for LDAP_ADMIN_PASSWORD, LDAP_CONFIG_PASSWORD, LDAP_READONLY_USER_PASSWORD

Make your own image or extend this image

This is the best solution if you have a private registry. Please refer to the Advanced User Guide just below.

Advanced User Guide

Extend osixia/openldap:1.4.0 image

If you need to add your custom TLS certificate, bootstrap config or environment files the easiest way is to extends this image.

Dockerfile example:

FROM osixia/openldap:1.4.0
MAINTAINER Your Name <your@name.com>

ADD bootstrap /container/service/slapd/assets/config/bootstrap
ADD certs /container/service/slapd/assets/certs
ADD environment /container/environment/01-custom

See complete example in example/extend-osixia-openldap

Warning: if you want to install new packages from debian repositories, this image has a configuration to prevent documentation and locales to be installed. If you need the doc and locales remove the following files : /etc/dpkg/dpkg.cfg.d/01_nodoc and /etc/dpkg/dpkg.cfg.d/01_nolocales

Make your own openldap image

Clone this project:

git clone https://github.com/osixia/docker-openldap
cd docker-openldap

Adapt Makefile, set your image NAME and VERSION, for example:

NAME = osixia/openldap
VERSION = 1.1.9

become:
NAME = cool-guy/openldap
VERSION = 0.1.0

Add your custom certificate, bootstrap ldif and environment files...

Build your image:

make build

Run your image:

docker run --detach cool-guy/openldap:0.1.0

Tests

We use Bats (Bash Automated Testing System) to test this image:

https://github.com/bats-core/bats-core

Install Bats, and in this project directory run:

make test

Kubernetes

Kubernetes is an open source system for managing containerized applications across multiple hosts, providing basic mechanisms for deployment, maintenance, and scaling of applications.

More information:

osixia-openldap kubernetes examples are available in example/kubernetes

Under the hood: osixia/light-baseimage

This image is based on osixia/light-baseimage. It uses the following features:

  • ssl-tools service to generate tls certificates
  • log-helper tool to print log messages based on the log level
  • run tool as entrypoint to init the container environment

To fully understand how this image works take a look at: https://github.com/osixia/docker-light-baseimage

Security

If you discover a security vulnerability within this docker image, please send an email to the Osixia! team at security@osixia.net. For minor vulnerabilities feel free to add an issue here on github.

Please include as many details as possible.

Known security issues

Openldap on debian creates two admin users with the same password, if you changed admin password after bootstrap you may be concerned by issue #161.

Changelog

Please refer to: CHANGELOG.md